Publications by authors named "Alicia Veninga"

4 Publications

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Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor Sunitinib Delays Platelet-Induced Coagulation: Additive Effects of Aspirin.

Thromb Haemost 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Department of Biochemistry, Cardiovascular Research Institute Maastricht (CARIM), Maastricht University, The Netherlands.

Background:  Sunitinib is a multitarget tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) used for cancer treatment. In platelets, sunitinib affects collagen-induced activation under noncoagulating conditions. We investigated (1) the effects of sunitinib on thrombus formation induced by other TK-dependent receptors, and (2) the effects under coagulating conditions. Cardiovascular disease is a comorbidity in cancer patients, resulting in possible aspirin treatment. Sunitinib and aspirin are associated with increased bleeding risk, and therefore we also investigated (3) the synergistic effects of these compounds on thrombus and fibrin formation.

Methods:  Blood or isolated platelets from healthy volunteers or cancer patients were incubated with sunitinib and/or aspirin or vehicle. Platelet activation was determined by TK phosphorylation, flow cytometry, changes in [Ca], aggregometry, and whole blood perfusion over multiple surfaces, including collagen with(out) tissue factor (TF) was performed.

Results:  Sunitinib reduced thrombus formation and phosphatidylserine (PS) exposure under flow on collagen type I and III. Also, sunitinib inhibited glycoprotein VI-induced TK phosphorylation and Ca elevation. Upon TF-triggered coagulation, sunitinib decreased PS exposure and fibrin formation. In blood from cancer patients more pronounced effects of sunitinib were observed in lung and pancreatic as compared to neuroglioblastoma and other cancer types. Compared to sunitinib alone, sunitinib plus aspirin further reduced platelet aggregation, thrombus formation, and PS exposure on collagen under flow with(out) coagulation.

Conclusion:  Sunitinib suppresses collagen-induced procoagulant activity and delays fibrin formation, which was aggravated by aspirin. Therefore, we urge for awareness of the combined antiplatelet effects of TKIs with aspirin, as this may result in increased risk of bleeding.
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June 2021

Clonal hematopoietic mutations linked to platelet traits and the risk of thrombosis or bleeding.

Haematologica 2020 08 18;105(8):2020-2031. Epub 2020 Jun 18.

Department of Biochemistry, Cardiovascular Research Institute Maastricht (CARIM), Maastricht University, Maastricht

Platelets are key elements in thrombosis, particularly in atherosclerosis-associated arterial thrombosis (atherothrombosis), and hemostasis. Megakaryocytes in the bone marrow, differentiated from hematopoietic stem cells are generally considered as a uniform source of platelets. However, recent insights into the causes of malignancies, including essential thrombocytosis, indicate that not only inherited but also somatic mutations in hematopoietic cells are linked to quantitative or qualitative platelet abnormalities. In particular cases, these form the basis of thrombo-hemorrhagic complications regularly observed in patient groups. This has led to the concept of clonal hematopoiesis of indeterminate potential (CHIP), defined as somatic mutations caused by clonal expansion of mutant hematopoietic cells without evident disease. This concept also provides clues regarding the importance of platelet function in relation to cardiovascular disease. In this summative review, we present an overview of genes associated with clonal hematopoiesis and altered platelet production and/or functionality, like mutations in We consider how reported CHIP genes can influence the risk of cardiovascular disease, by exploring the consequences for platelet function related to (athero)thrombosis, or the risk of bleeding. More insight into the functional consequences of the CHIP mutations may favor personalized risk assessment, not only with regard to malignancies but also in relation to thrombotic vascular disease.
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August 2020

Thrombo-Inflammation in Cardiovascular Disease: An Expert Consensus Document from the Third Maastricht Consensus Conference on Thrombosis.

Thromb Haemost 2020 Apr 14;120(4):538-564. Epub 2020 Apr 14.

Department of Hematology and Central Hematology Laboratory, Inselspital, Bern University Hospital, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland; Center for Thrombosis and Hemostasis, University Medical Center of the Johannes Gutenberg University, Mainz, Germany; Haemostasis Research Unit, University College London, London, United Kingdom.

Thrombo-inflammation describes the complex interplay between blood coagulation and inflammation that plays a critical role in cardiovascular diseases. The third Maastricht Consensus Conference on Thrombosis assembled basic, translational, and clinical scientists to discuss the origin and potential consequences of thrombo-inflammation in the etiology, diagnostics, and management of patients with cardiovascular disease, including myocardial infarction, stroke, and peripheral artery disease. This article presents a state-of-the-art reflection of expert opinions and consensus recommendations regarding the following topics: (1) challenges of the endothelial cell barrier; (2) circulating cells and thrombo-inflammation, focused on platelets, neutrophils, and neutrophil extracellular traps; (3) procoagulant mechanisms; (4) arterial vascular changes in atherogenesis; attenuating atherosclerosis and ischemia/reperfusion injury; (5) management of patients with arterial vascular disease; and (6) pathogenesis of venous thrombosis and late consequences of venous thromboembolism.
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April 2020