Publications by authors named "Alicia Rojas-Atencio"

9 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

[Utility of chromosome banding with ALU I enzyme for identifying methylated areas in breast cancer].

Invest Clin 2012 Dec;53(4):331-41

Instituto de Investigaciones Genéticas, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad del Zulia, Maracaibo, Venezuela.

Cancer is a group of disorders characterized by uncontrolled cell growth which is produced by two successive events: increased cell proliferation (tumor or neoplasia) and the invasive capacity of these cells (metastasis). DNA methylation is an epigenetic process which has been involved as an important pathogenic factor of cancer. DNA methylation participates in the regulation of gene expression, directly, by preventing the union of transcription factors, and indirectly, by promoting the "closed" structure of the chromatine. The objectives of this study were to identify hypermethyled chromosomal regions through the use of restriction Alu I endonuclease, and to relate cytogenetically these regions with tumor suppressive gene loci. Sixty peripheral blood samples of females with breast cancer were analyzed. Cell cultures were performed and cytogenetic spreads, previously digested with Alu I enzyme, were stained with Giemsa. Chromosomal centromeric and not centromeric regions were stained in 37% of cases. About 96% of stained hypermethyled chromosomal regions (1q, 2q, 6q) were linked with methylated genes associated with breast cancer. In addition, centromeric regions in chromosomes 3, 4, 8, 13, 14, 15 and 17, usually unstained, were found positive to digestion with Alu I enzime and Giemsa staining. We suggest the importance of this technique for the global visualization of the genome which can find methylated genes related to breast cancer, and thus lead to a specific therapy, and therefore a better therapeutic response.
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December 2012

Trisomy 19 and t(9;22) in a patient with acute basophilic leukemia.

Case Rep Pathol 2011 13;2011:269491. Epub 2011 Sep 13.

Genetic Medical Unity, Faculty of Medicine, University of Zulia, Maracaibo, Venezuela.

We report a case of acute basophilic leukemia with two coexisting clonal abnormalities, t(9;22) and trisomy 19. The blast showed positive reaction with myeloperoxidase but negative reaction with chloroacetate esterase and acid phosphatase. Metachromatic features of the blast were observed with toluidine blue stain. Ultrastructure study showed the presence of azurophilic granules in basophils and blast mast cells. Conventional and molecular cytogenetic studies revealed, t(9;22) with BCR/ABL positive and trisomy 19 in all metaphase cells. To our knowledge, this paper here is the first to present acute basophilic leukemia with trisomy 19 and t(9;22).
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2011/269491DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3420414PMC
August 2012

[Frequency and clinicopathological associations of K-ras mutations in Venezuelan patients with colo-rectal cancer].

Invest Clin 2009 Mar;50(1):55-63

Universidad Centro Occidental Lisandro Alvarado, Barquisimeto, Venezuela.

Mutations in the K-ras oncogene are common in colo-rectal cancer, which affect the biological behaviour and may influence the susceptibility to therapy in these tumors. The objective of this work was to identify the types of K-ras mutations observed in referred patients with colo-rectal cancer and to relate them to their degree of histological differentiation and clinical stage. Histopathological and clinical data were obtained from medical records. DNA was obtained from both, fresh tissue and tumor tissue embedded in paraffin. The K-ras gene was amplified through the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and the amplified fragments were digested with restriction enzymes. We found mutations in codons 12 and 13 of the K-ras oncogene in 23.33% of patients. Of these, 28.57% were located at codon 12, 57.14% were at codon 13 and 14.29% at both codons. They were more frequent in tumors located in the left hemicolon and, according to their histological type, were more frequent in well differentiated adenocarcinomas (58.70%) and in mucinous (28.57%). The identified mutations were more frequent in advanced stages (C2) of Dukes' classification. The molecular analysis of the K-ras oncogene made mutations evident, which could be useful in the diagnosis and prognosis of colorectal tumors. The frequency of mutations found in this work is similar to some of those reported worldwide; however, they differ in the more frequent type of mutation, which, in our study, was located at codon 13 in more than 50% of the cases.
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March 2009

[Relationship of oncogene C-erbB-2 amplification in breast cancer with pathological parameters and disease free survival].

Rev Med Chil 2005 Feb 7;133(2):151-7. Epub 2005 Apr 7.

Unidad de Genética Médica, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad del Zulia, Maracaibo, Venezuela.

Background: Proto-oncogene c-erbB-2 is located in chromosome 17 region q21 and codifies a 185 Kd protein, with tyrosine kinase activity. The amplification of this gene is associated with relapse and lower survival in breast cancer. Overexpression of this gene can be detected by immunohistochemistry (IHC). However, fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and chromogenic in situ hybridization (CISH) allow the simultaneous analysis of morphology and overexpression of the gene.

Aim: To evaluate the relationship of c-erbB-2 oncogene amplification measured by FISH with histological graduation, presence of positive Iymph nodes and evolution of breast cancer.

Patients And Methods: One hundred and ten tissue samples of invasive ductal or lobulillar breast cancer, positive for c-erbB-2 oncogene by IHC were analysed. The presence of c-erbB-2 oncogene amplification was subsequently analyzed by FISH.

Results: There was a significant association of c-erbB-2 amplification by FISH with pathological graduation of the tumor, number of regional Iymph nodes involved and disease free survival.

Conclusions: Proto-oncogene c-erbB-2 amplification is a good indicator of bad prognosis in invasive breast cancer.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/s0034-98872005000200001DOI Listing
February 2005

[Chromosome anomalies in Venezuelan patients with multiple myeloma].

Invest Clin 2003 Dec;44(4):327-35

Escuela de Bioanálisis, Unidad de Genética Médica, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad del Zulia, Maracaibo, Venezuela.

The cytogenetic study is an important prognostic factor in Multiple Myeloma (MM). The chromosomal analysis has demonstrated to be essential for the genetic advise in relation to the diagnosis, prognosis and might suggest precociously, the most appropriate treatment for the majority of hematological malignancies. The objective of this investigation was to identify the chromosomal abnormalities in samples of bone marrow (BM) from patients with diagnosis of MM. The chromosomal studies were carried out in BM cultures, following the technique described by Yunis. Without exception the analysis was carried out previous to any treatment with cytostatics. Twenty two samples of BM were received for chromosomal studies in the Unit of Medical Genetics of the University of the Zulia (UGM-LUZ). In 19 out of 22 samples (86%) appropriate material was obtained by cytogenetic analysis; 6 (32%) showed normal karyotype and 13 (68%) presented numeric and structural chromosomal abnormalities. Eight (62%) of the chromosomal anomalies detected were numerics, three cases (38%) with hyperdiploidy involving chromosomes 3, 5, 7, 15, 17, 18, 19 and four cases (50%) with hypodiploidy involving the chromosomes 8, 16, 17, 18, X and Y. Triploidy was found in one case (12%). Structural abnormalities were present in 4 cases (31%) such as deletions 5p11, 11p14, 14q32, 17p11 and 1 case (7%) presented structural and numeric anomalies. This study shows that the majority of patients with multiple myeloma have several chromosomal abnormalities with some differences from other reports.
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December 2003

[Diminished zinc plasma concentrations and alterations in the number of lymphocyte subpopulations in Down's syndrome patients].

Invest Clin 2003 Mar;44(1):51-60

Sección de Citogenética, Unidad de Genética Médica, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad del Zulia, Hospital Universitario, Apartado Postal 15066, Maracaibo, Estado Zulia, Venezuela.

Alterations of plasma levels of zinc and in the immune system in Down's syndrome (DS) have been reported. These alterations have been associated with a high rate of infectious diseases, which represent the main cause of mortality in affected individuals. The objectives of this study were to determine plasma zinc levels and to evaluate the immune system in DS patients. Peripheral blood samples were obtained from 43 DS patients examined at the Unidad de Genética Médica, Universidad del Zulia in Maracaibo, Venezuela. Their mean age (+/- SD) was 2.3 +/- 2.0 years. As control group, 40 healthy children were studied (mean +/- SD 2.3 +/- 2.0 years). Karyotypes by a standard technique, the determination of plasma levels of zinc by atomic absorption spectrophotometry and the evaluation of the immune system by flow cytometry were carried out in the study groups. All DS patients had free trisomy 21. Significantly disminished zinc plasma levels, helper T lymphocyte (CD4) percentage, helper/cytotoxic (CD4/CD8) ratio and B-cells (CD19) were found in DS patients by matching with control group. An increase in CD8 was also found. No significative difference in the lymphocyte subpopulations between DS patients with disminished plasma levels of zinc and DS patients with normal zinc were found. These findings suggest that zinc deficiency is not the sole etiology involved in the disorders of immune system seen in DS patients. Other factors, such as thymic alterations and molecular abnormalities due to gene overexpression of loci located on chromosome 21 could be involved. Although, zinc supplementation is recommended in these patients with zinc deficiency, further studies with a double-blind, placebo versus zinc design are needed to evaluate the potentially beneficial effects of zinc treatment in DS patients.
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March 2003

[Clonal chromosomal anomalies in colorectal tumors].

Invest Clin 2002 Dec;43(4):263-70

Unidad de Genética Médica, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad del Zulia, Maracaibo, Venezuela.

Colorectal tumors constitute a reason of frequent consultation in gastroenterology services in the world. They constitute the second cause of mortality in the world and the fourth cause of mortality for cancer in Venezuela. It usually begins as a polyp that becomes malignant due to a mutation at the level of the genetic code that controls the growth and the repair of cells. The present work reports the clonal chromosomal abnormalities observed in 15 samples from benign tumors as well as malignant colorectal tumors and to relate these findings. There were clonal chromosomal anomalies in 11/15 (73.33%), 4 corresponded to carcinomas and 7 to adenomatous polyps. In 7/11 (63.6%) there were anomalies of the monosomy type in the chromosomes 8 and 22, other anomalies corresponded to trisomy of the chromosomes 11 and 18, and a single case with a structural anomaly that corresponded to a del(17p). The chromosomal anomalies in adenomatous polyposis have been related with the beginning of malignant disease and, in the case of carcinomas, it has been related with progression of the illness toward metastasis and death. The use of this tool could be used as a prognostic factor for patients with non familial adenomatous polyposis.
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December 2002

[Carrier detection of Duchenne/Becker muscular dystrophy by analysis of STRs loci linked to the gene of dystrophin in Venezuelan families].

Invest Clin 2002 Dec;43(4):239-54

Unidad de Genética Médica, Universidad del Zulia, Maracaibo, Venezuela.

The Duchenne/Becker Muscular Dystrophy (DMD/BMD) is an X linked recessive lethal disease. The female carrier will transmit the disease gene to half of her sons and half of her daughters; half of the daughters will be carriers, while half will be normal. Half of the sons will be normal and, on average, half will have the disease. It is of particular relevance to be able to detect carrier status among female relatives of the patients for genetic counseling and prenatal diagnosis. The method of Short Tandem Repeat (STR) sequence polymorphism analysis can determine haplotype at normal status or at risk status and, to establish genetic linkage between the mutated gene and the segregated haplotype. We have analyzed 105 members from 15 unrelated Venezuelan families with one or more siblings affected with DMD/DMB and 7 unrelated males. Of the 105, 37 were male (26 affected and 11 normal) and 68 were female. STR sequences (STR44, STR45, STR49, STR50, STR3'DYS) of the gene of the Dystrophin were amplified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) to analyze allelic polymorphism in the families. Five of the 15 families (33%) had a deletion of one or several of the exons. Of the 68 females, 27 (39.7%) were carriers, 27 (39.7%) were non-carriers and in 14 cases (20.58%) it was not possible to reach a definitive diagnosis. The definitive diagnosis could be established in 79% of the females. This analysis also shows that the mutation occurred on the grandpaternal X chromosome in one family. Hemizygocity was detected and carrier status ascertained in the mother of other patient and in one family we were able to do prenatal diagnosis. The germinal mosaicism could not be excluded in 3 patients.
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December 2002

Del(1)(q23) in a patient with Hutchinson-Gilford progeria.

Am J Med Genet 2002 Dec;113(3):298-301

Unidad de Genética Médica, Facultad de Medicina de La Universidad del Zulia, Maracaibo, Venezuela.

A 9-year-old patient with the classical clinical picture of Hutchinson-Gilford progeria (HGP) is described. The karyotype shows a 46,XY,del(1)(q23) constitution. Our findings suggest that the interval 1q23 may play a roll in the etiology of HGP. A perturbation in glycosylation in connective tissue has been demonstrated in patients with this condition. This abnormality may be due to a defect in the UDP-galactose:beta-N-acetylglucosamina-beta-1,4-galactosyltransferase 3 (B4GALT3) gene that has been mapped in the interval 1q21-23. The cytogenetical analyses of this patient suggest that the B4GALT3 gene could be involved in the pathogenesis of HGP.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajmg.10753DOI Listing
December 2002