Publications by authors named "Ali-Ashraf Aivazi"

5 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Typical features of cutaneous leishmaniasis in the Ilam province, Iran.

J Parasit Dis 2020 Dec 11;44(4):748-753. Epub 2020 Aug 11.

Research Center for Health Sciences, Institute of Health, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, P.O. Box 71645-111, Iran.

Since Cutaneous leishmaniasis is a problematic parasitic infection in the west of Iran, this study was carried out to clarify the epidemiological aspects of Cl. Our database includes all Cl cases with detailed information during 2014-2018 in Ilam province, west of Iran. Patients referred to health and clinical centers in our study areas then health providers and laboratory technicians took smears to detect leishmania parasites under light microscope. SPSS24 software used for analyzing data by the Chi square test. Mehran and Dehloran districts were alone accounted for 50% of all reported cases. ≥ 36 age group was dominant cases also housekeepers were at the top of categories in case of occupation. Hand and leg entangled with this infection more than other organs. Moreover, most cases observed in the winter season, and lesions were 1-3 cm in size. Apart from decreasing Cl cases in our study location compared to 2014, building debris around the urban area should be cleaned up concerning standards of hygiene in each phase to keep rodents away. Additionally, citizens at the land border of Iran-Iraq should protect themselves from sand fly biting at least by insect repellent at peak travel times.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12639-020-01258-wDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7596117PMC
December 2020

Fauna and Geographical Distribution of Scorpions in Ilam Province, South Western Iran.

J Arthropod Borne Dis 2017 Jun 27;11(2):242-248. Epub 2017 May 27.

Department of Public Health, School of Health, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran.

Background: Scorpions' stings and their own mortalities place them among the most important health and medical problems. The dreadful features and especially their poisonous stings are considered a major cause of human stress and abhorrence/phobia. The current study aimed to study the scorpion fauna of Ilam Province, south western Iran in order to manage scorpionism related problems.

Methods: In this field-laboratory investigation during March 2014 to February 2015, different parts of Ilam Province were surveyed. Nine sampling parts were selected based on geographical situation, scorpionism reports, weather, flora, and local data. Capturing scorpion was done employing a black light, and a long forceps from dusk to midnight. The collected scorpions were placed to 70% ethyl alcohol. All specimens were determined based on the valid taxonomic keys, furthermore their sexes were studied.

Results: Out of the 391 collected scorpions, 11 species were identified as follows: , , , , , , , , , , and .

Conclusion: Eleven species of Buthidae, Scorpionidae and Hemiscorpiidae families from high risk areas were identified. Despite the low surface of the province, such different species reveals a diverse scorpion fauna that, in turn, shows good and suitable habits of scorpions, as considered by health staff.
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5641613PMC
June 2017

Patients' bill of rights and effective factors of workplace violence against female nurses on duty at Ilam teaching hospitals.

J Inj Violence Res 2017 01 1;9(1). Epub 2017 Jan 1.

Department of Nursing, Psychosocial Injuries Research Center, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran. Email:

Background: Workplace violence against female nurses is an increasing problem. In addition, recognition the rights of patients can reduce such violence against female nurses. Therefore, the aim of the current study was to investigate workplace violence against female nurses in respect with patients' bill of rights at two public hospitals of Ilam in 2012.

Methods: In a descriptive cross-sectional research, workplace violence against female nurses was studied. Data were gathered employing a researcher made questionnaire filled out by 106 female nurses. The questionnaire was on workplace, physical and verbal violence of patients and their attendants, and also the patient's rights as respected by nursing staff. Permission of university ethics committee was obtained. Data analyses were done by T-test and ANOVA in SPSS software.

Results: Totally, 90.6 % and 15.1 % of the participants were subjected to verbal and physical assaults by patients, respectively during last year of the study. Further, 92.5% and 11.3% of nurses experienced verbal and physical assaults by the patients' attendants, respectively. Most of the nursing staff believed that reporting aggressive attacks to the concerned officials would not be useful. A negative significant correlation was found between the aggressions of patients with age as well as marital status of nurses, (P= 0.04). Furthermore, a significant association was seen between physical violence of patients and the nurses' recognition of the patients' bill of rights (P= 0.03).

Conclusions: Due to high rate of violence against female nurses, some proper and effective actions such as employing a trained security force along with legal punitive charges against violators through responsible officials are highly suggested.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5249/jivr.v9i1.779DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5279987PMC
January 2017

Larvicidal activity of oak Quercus infectoria Oliv. (Fagaceae) gall extracts against Anopheles stephensi Liston.

Parasitol Res 2009 Jun 16;104(6):1289-93. Epub 2009 Jan 16.

Department of Studies in Zoology, University of Mysore, Manasagangotri, Mysore, India.

There is a growing interest in the use of botanical insecticides to reduce the use of synthetic pesticides in order to avoid environmental side effects. Anopheles stephensi is the primary vector of urban malaria, an endemic disease in India. So, an effort to assay An. stephensi larvae with gall extracts of Quercus infectoria was made under laboratory conditions at Mysore. Ethyl-acetate extract was found to be the most effective of all the five extracts tested for larvicidal activity against the fourth instar larvae, with LC(50) of 116.92 ppm followed by gallotannin, n-butanol, acetone, and methanol with LC(50) values of 124.62, 174.76, 299.26, and 364.61 ppm, respectively. The efficacy in killing mosquito larvae may make this plant promising for the development of new botanical larvicide.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00436-008-1325-5DOI Listing
June 2009

Larvicidal efficacy of Capsicum annum against Anopheles stephensi and Culex quinquefasciatus.

J Vector Borne Dis 2007 Sep;44(3):223-6

Vector Biology Research Lab, Department of Studies in Zoology, University of Mysore, Manasagangotri, Mysore, India.

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September 2007