Publications by authors named "Ali Valiani"

19 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Comparison of TGF-β3 and avocado/soybean unsaponifiable on chondrogenesis of human adipose-derived stem cells on poly (lactic-co-glycolic) acid/ hyaluronic acid hybrid scaffold.

Iran J Basic Med Sci 2021 Jan;24(1):24-29

Department of Anatomical Sciences and Molecular Biology, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

Objectives: Avocado/soybean unsaponifible (ASU) possesses properties including chondroprotective, anticatabolic, and anabolic. The goal behind this research was to detect the effect of ASU and TGF-β3 on the chondrogenesis of human adipose-derived stem cells (hADSCs) on poly (lactic-co-glycolic) acid (PLGA)/ hyaluronic acid (PLGA/HA) hybrid scaffold.

Materials And Methods: First hADSCs were seeded in PLGA/Hyaluronic acid scaffold and cultured in chondrogenic media. These cells were assigned into 4 groups: control, TGFβ-3, ASU, and TGFβ-3+ASU. The viability was assessed separately by MTT. Real-time PCR was used to quantify the expression of chondrogenic specific genes [] and . Moreover, Western blotting was employed to evaluate protein expression levels of collagens type II and X.

Results: These findings indicated a significant increase in the proliferation and survival of hADSCs differentiated cells by ASU compared with the control group (=0.008). Real-time PCR results revealed significant differences in the expression of , , , and genes in the control group when compared with other groups (ASU, TGF-β3, and TGF-β3+ASU). ColII protein production significantly dropped in the TGF-β3 group in comparison with the TGF-β3+ASU group (0.000). The ColII (=0.002) and ColX (=0.002) protein production proved significantly higher in the TGF-β3+ASU group compared with the ASU group.

Conclusion: Using the synergist form TGFβ-3, ASU induces chondrogenesis in hADSCs in PLGA/HA composite scaffold. This can be deduced with reduction of special markers of hyaline cartilage in comparison with ASU and decreased hypertrophic marker compared with TGF-β3.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.22038/ijbms.2020.44409.10391DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7894631PMC
January 2021

Gastrointestinal and renal complications in SARS-CoV-2-infected patients: Role of immune system.

Scand J Immunol 2020 Nov 15:e12999. Epub 2020 Nov 15.

Poursina Hakim Digestive Diseases Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

The recent severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) disease has been accompanied by various gastrointestinal (GI) and renal manifestations in significant portion of infected patients. Beside studies on the respiratory complications of coronavirus infection, understanding the essential immunological processes underlying the different clinical manifestations of virus infection is crucial for the identification and development of effective therapies. In addition to the respiratory tract, the digestive and urinary systems are the major sources of virus transmission. Thus, knowledge about the invasion mechanisms of SARS-CoV-2 in these systems and the immune system responses is important for implementing the infection prevention strategies. This article presents an overview of the gut and renal complications in SARS-CoV-2 infection. We focus on how SARS-CoV-2 interacts with the immune system and the consequent contribution of immune system, gut, and renal dysfunctions in the development of disease.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/sji.12999DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7744842PMC
November 2020

Recent Trends in Three-Dimensional Bioinks Based on Alginate for Biomedical Applications.

Materials (Basel) 2020 Sep 8;13(18). Epub 2020 Sep 8.

Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, 7491 Trondheim, Norway.

Three-dimensional (3D) bioprinting is an appealing and revolutionary manufacturing approach for the accurate placement of biologics, such as living cells and extracellular matrix (ECM) components, in the form of a 3D hierarchical structure to fabricate synthetic multicellular tissues. Many synthetic and natural polymers are applied as cell printing bioinks. One of them, alginate (Alg), is an inexpensive biomaterial that is among the most examined hydrogel materials intended for vascular, cartilage, and bone tissue printing. It has also been studied pertaining to the liver, kidney, and skin, due to its excellent cell response and flexible gelation preparation through divalent ions including calcium. Nevertheless, Alg hydrogels possess certain negative aspects, including weak mechanical characteristics, poor printability, poor structural stability, and poor cell attachment, which may restrict its usage along with the 3D printing approach to prepare artificial tissue. In this review paper, we prepare the accessible materials to be able to encourage and boost new Alg-based bioink formulations with superior characteristics for upcoming purposes in drug delivery systems. Moreover, the major outcomes are discussed, and the outstanding concerns regarding this area and the scope for upcoming examination are outlined.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ma13183980DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7557490PMC
September 2020

Herbal Remedies as Potential in Cartilage Tissue Engineering: An Overview of New Therapeutic Approaches and Strategies.

Molecules 2020 Jul 6;25(13). Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Department of Anatomical Sciences, School of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan 73461-81746, Iran.

It is estimated that by 2023, approximately 20% of the population of Western Europe and North America will suffer from a degenerative joint disease commonly known as osteoarthritis (OA). During the development of OA, pro-inflammatory cytokines are one of the major causes that drive the production of inflammatory mediators and thus of matrix-degrading enzymes. OA is a challenging disease for doctors due to the limitation of the joint cartilage's capacity to repair itself. Though new treatment approaches, in particular with mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) that integrate the tissue engineering (TE) of cartilage tissue, are promising, they are not only expensive but more often do not lead to the regeneration of joint cartilage. Therefore, there is an increasing need for novel, safe, and more effective alternatives to promote cartilage joint regeneration and TE. Indeed, naturally occurring phytochemical compounds (herbal remedies) have a great anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant, and anabolic potential, and they have received much attention for the development of new therapeutic strategies for the treatment of inflammatory diseases, including the prevention of age-related OA and cartilage TE. This paper summarizes recent research on herbal remedies and their chondroinductive and chondroprotective effects on cartilage and progenitor cells, and it also emphasizes the possibilities that exist in this research area, especially with regard to the nutritional support of cartilage regeneration and TE, which may not benefit from non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/molecules25133075DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7411884PMC
July 2020

Three-Dimensional Printing Constructs Based on the Chitosan for Tissue Regeneration: State of the Art, Developing Directions and Prospect Trends.

Materials (Basel) 2020 Jun 11;13(11). Epub 2020 Jun 11.

Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, 7491 Trondheim, Norway.

Chitosan (CS) has gained particular attention in biomedical applications due to its biocompatibility, antibacterial feature, and biodegradability. Hence, many studies have focused on the manufacturing of CS films, scaffolds, particulate, and inks via different production methods. Nowadays, with the possibility of the precise adjustment of porosity size and shape, fiber size, suitable interconnectivity of pores, and creation of patient-specific constructs, 3D printing has overcome the limitations of many traditional manufacturing methods. Therefore, the fabrication of 3D printed CS scaffolds can lead to promising advances in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. A review of additive manufacturing types, CS-based printed constructs, their usages as biomaterials, advantages, and drawbacks can open doors to optimize CS-based constructions for biomedical applications. The latest technological issues and upcoming capabilities of 3D printing with CS-based biopolymers for different applications are also discussed. This review article will act as a roadmap aiming to investigate chitosan as a new feedstock concerning various 3D printing approaches which may be employed in biomedical fields. In fact, the combination of 3D printing and CS-based biopolymers is extremely appealing particularly with regard to certain clinical purposes. Complications of 3D printing coupled with the challenges associated with materials should be recognized to help make this method feasible for wider clinical requirements. This strategy is currently gaining substantial attention in terms of several industrial biomedical products. In this review, the key 3D printing approaches along with revealing historical background are initially presented, and ultimately, the applications of different 3D printing techniques for fabricating chitosan constructs will be discussed. The recognition of essential complications and technical problems related to numerous 3D printing techniques and CS-based biopolymer choices according to clinical requirements is crucial. A comprehensive investigation will be required to encounter those challenges and to completely understand the possibilities of 3D printing in the foreseeable future.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ma13112663DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7321644PMC
June 2020

Cartilage tissue formation from human adipose-derived stem cells via herbal component (Avocado/soybean unsaponifiables) in scaffold-free culture system.

Dent Res J (Isfahan) 2020 Jan-Feb;17(1):54-59. Epub 2020 Jan 21.

Department of Anatomical Sciences, School of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

Background: The use of stem cells, growth factors, and scaffolds to repair damaged tissues is a new idea in tissue engineering. The aim of the present study is the investigation of Avocado/soybean (A/S) effects on chondrogenic differentiation of human adipose-derived stem cells (hADSCs) in micromass culture to access cartilage tissue with high quality.

Materials And Methods: In this an experimental study After hADSCs characterization, chondrogenic differentiation was induced using transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-β1) (10 ng/ml) and different concentrations (5, 10, and 20 μg/ml) of A/S in micromass culture. The efficiency of A/S on specific gene expression (types I, II, and X collagens, SOX9, and aggrecan) was evaluated using quantitative polymerase chain reaction. In addition, histological study was done using hematoxylin and eosin and toluidine blue staining all data were analyzed using one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and ≤ 0.05 was considered to be statistically significant.

Results: The results of this study indicated that A/S can promote chondrogenic differentiation in a dose-dependent manner. In particular, 5 ng/ml A/S showed the highest expression of type II collagen, SOX9, and aggrecan which are effective and important markers in chondrogenic differentiation. In addition, the expression of types I and X collagens which are hypertrophic and fibrous factors in chondrogenesis is lower in present of 5 ng/ml A/S compared with TGF-β1 group ( ≤ 0.05). Moreover, the sulfated glycosaminoglycans in the extracellular matrix and the presence of chondrocytes within lacuna were more prominent in 5 ng/ml A/S group than other groups.

Conclusion: It can be concluded that A/S similar to TGF-β1 is able to facilitate the chondrogenic differentiation of hADSCs and do not have adverse effects of TGF-β1. Thus, TGF-β1 can be replaced by A/S in the field of tissue engineering.
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7001572PMC
January 2020

Molecular aspects of pancreatic β-cell dysfunction: Oxidative stress, microRNA, and long noncoding RNA.

J Cell Physiol 2019 06 22;234(6):8411-8425. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

School of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

Metabolic syndrome is known as a frequent precursor of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D). This disease could affect 8% of the people worldwide. Given that pancreatic β-cell dysfunction and loss have central roles in the initiation and progression of the disease, the understanding of cellular and molecular pathways associated with pancreatic β-cell dysfunction can provide more information about the underlying pathways involved in T2D. Multiple lines evidence indicated that oxidative stress, microRNA, and long noncoding RNA play significant roles in various steps of diseases. Oxidative stress is one of the important factors involved in T2D pathogenesis. This could affect the function and survival of the β cell via activation or inhibition of several processes and targets, such as receptor-signal transduction, enzyme activity, gene expression, ion channel transport, and apoptosis. Besides oxidative stress, microRNAs and noncoding RNAs have emerged as epigenetic regulators that could affect pancreatic β-cell dysfunction. These molecules exert their effects via targeting a variety of cellular and molecular pathways involved in T2D pathogenesis. Here, we summarized the molecular aspects of pancreatic β-cell dysfunction. Moreover, we highlighted the roles of oxidative stress, microRNAs, and noncoding RNAs in pancreatic β-cell dysfunction.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jcp.27755DOI Listing
June 2019

Alterations in lipid peroxidation, lipid profile, insulin sensitivity, and hepatic histopathological changes in diabetic rats following the treatment with Salvadora persica.

J Cell Biochem 2019 03 30;120(3):3696-3708. Epub 2018 Sep 30.

School of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

We examined the effects of various partitions of Salvadora persica extract on lipid profile (LP), lipid peroxidation, and insulin sensitivity (IS) of diabetic rats. The rats were divided into normal control, diabetic control (DC), standard, sham, and test groups. The test groups were treated with an oral dose of 200, 400, and 600 mg/kg of crude, aqueous, and ethyl acetate partition of S. persica extract. After 21 days of experiment, the fasting blood glucose (FBS), LPs, lipid peroxidation, IS, liver enzymes levels, liver histopathology, and body weight alteration were evaluated. A significant decrease in FBS and lipid profile (except HDL) were observed in rats treated with various dose of extract compared with the DC rats ( P < 0.05). Treating diabetic rats with various extracts of S. persica meaningfully decreased the level of malondialdehyde ( P < 0.05). Animals treated with various dose of aqueous extract showed better results ( P < 0.01). On the basis of used indirect indexes to determine IS, all partitions of extracts showed anti-insulin resistance effects in diabetic rats. On the basis of our statistical analyzing, treating diabetic rats with all of the three extracts of S. persica decreased the elevated levels of alanine phosphatase, aspartate aminotransferase, and alanine transferase. Also, pathological changes in the liver tissue were reduced following treatment with the S. persica. In conclusion, our results give evidence that the S. persica extract, especially aqueous partition, has a healing effect on diabetes and can be considered as an alternative therapy for this disease.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jcb.27649DOI Listing
March 2019

Effect of Genistein on Apoptosis and Proliferation of Hepatocellular Carcinoma Hepa1-6 Cell Line.

Int J Prev Med 2018 8;9:12. Epub 2018 Feb 8.

Department of Student Research Committee, Jahrom University of Medical Sciences, Jahrom, Iran.

Background: One of the main causes of mortality is hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) which accounts for the third leading cause of deaths and one in forty deaths worldwide. The flavonoids, natural antioxidant compounds, account for a major group of polyphenolic compounds. One of the major isoflavones in soybean is genistein (GE) which can inhibit proliferation and induce apoptosis. Isoflavones, major type of phenolic materials, derived from dietary plants and medicinal herbs play a significant role in cancer prevention and treatment. Correlation between dietary habits and cancer risk including breast, prostate, and colon cancer has been reported. Various bioactivities of these compounds such as anticarcinogenic and antioxidant are responsible for their chemopreventive activities by which induce migration, proliferation, cell cycle arrest, and apoptosis. GE, one of the major isoflavones, is considered as a potent chemopreventive agent against cancer. The aim of this study was to investigate the inhibitory and apoptotic effects of GE on HCC Hepa1-6 cell line.

Methods: Cell viability assay and cell cycle analysis with flow cytometry were used to evaluate proliferative and apoptotic effect GE.

Results: GE inhibited the growth of Hepa1-6 cells and induced apoptosis with a concentration and time-dependent fashion. During GE treatment for 24, the half maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) was 20 μM, and the maximum inhibition of cell growth was 52% ( < 0.01). The percentage of apoptotic cells with a concentration of 20 μM of GE after 24, 48, and 72 h was 35, 42, and 65%, respectively ( < 0.01).

Conclusions: Our finding clearly indicated that GE can significantly inhibit proliferation of hepatocellular carcinoma Hepa 1-6 cell line and induce apoptosis in this cell line.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijpvm.IJPVM_249_16DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5843956PMC
February 2018

Cartilage Tissue Engineering Via Icariin and Adipose-derived Stem Cells in Fibrin Scaffold.

Adv Biomed Res 2018 21;7:36. Epub 2018 Feb 21.

Department of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

Background: Nowadays, cartilage tissue engineering is the best candidate for regeneration of cartilage defects. This study evaluates the function of herbal extracts icariin (ICA), the major pharmacological constituent of herba , compared with transforming growth factor β3 (TGFβ3) to prove its potential effect for cartilage tissue engineering.

Materials And Methods: ICA, TGFβ3, and TGFβ3 + ICA were added fibrin-cell constructions derived from adipose tissue stem cells. After 14 days, cell viability analyzed by 3-(4,5-dimethyl-2-thiazolyl)-2,5-diphenyl-2H- tetrazolium bromide assay and the expression of cartilage genes was evaluated with real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR).

Results: The results showed ICA, TGFβ3, and TGFβ3 + ICA increased the rate of proliferation and viability of cells; but there were no significant differences between them ( > 0.05). Furthermore, quantitative RT-PCR analysis demonstrated that cooperation of ICA with TGFβ3 showed a better effect in expression of cartilaginous specific genes and increased Sox9, type II collagen, and aggrecan expression significantly. Furthermore, the results of the expression of type I and X collagens revealed that TGFβ3 increased the expression of them ( < 0.01); However, treatment with ICA + TGFβ3 down regulated the expression of these genes significantly.

Conclusion: The results indicated ICA could be a potential factor for chondrogenesis and in cooperation with TGFβ3 could reduce its hypertrophic effects and it is a promising factor for cartilage tissue engineering.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/2277-9175.225925DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5840972PMC
February 2018

Comparison of the efficacy of piascledine and transforming growth factor β1 on chondrogenic differentiation of human adipose-derived stem cells in fibrin and fibrin-alginate scaffolds.

Iran J Basic Med Sci 2018 Feb;21(2):212-218

Department of Anatomical Sciences, Medical School, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to compare the chondrogenic induction potential of Piascledine and TGF-β1 on adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) in fibrin and fibrin-alginate scaffolds.

Materials And Methods: Human subcutaneous adipose tissues were harvested from three patients who were scheduled to undergo liposuction. Isolated ADSCs were proliferated in a culture medium. Then, the cells were seeded in fibrin or fibrin-alginate scaffolds and cultured for 14 days in a chondrogenic medium containing Piascledine, TGF-β1, or both. The rate of cell proliferation and survival was evaluated by using MTT [3-(4, 5-dimethylthiazolyl-2)-2, 5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide] assay and the rate of the expression of type II collagen, aggrecan, and type X collagen genes was evaluated by real-time polymerase chain reaction (real-time PCR) method.

Results: The MTT results showed that Piascledine is able to enhance the proliferation and survival of ADSCs in fibrin scaffolds in comparison to other groups (<0.05). Real-time PCR evaluation revealed that the expression of type II collagen was higher in TGF- β1groups, but the expression of aggrecan was higher in TGF-β1 alone or along with Piascledine in fibrin-alginate scaffolds. Furthermore, the expression of type X collagen was lower in Piascledine alone or along with TGF-β1 in fibrin scaffold.

Conclusion: Piascledine can enhance the proliferation and differentiation of ADSCs in fibrin scaffolds.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.22038/IJBMS.2018.24693.6136DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5811761PMC
February 2018

Genistein potentiates the effect of 17-beta estradiol on human hepatocellular carcinoma cell line.

Adv Biomed Res 2016 30;5:133. Epub 2016 Aug 30.

Cellular and Molecular Immunology Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

Background: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common malignant tumors. This cancer may be due to a multistep process with an accumulation of epigenetic alterations in tumor suppressor genes (TSGs), leading to hypermethylation of the genes. Hypermethylation of TSGs is associated with silencing and inactivation of them. It is well-known that DNA hypomethylation is the initial epigenetic abnormality recognized in human tumors. Estrogen receptor alpha (ERα) is one of the TSGs which modulates gene transcription and its hypermethylation is because of overactivity of DNA methyltransferases. Fortunately, epigenetic changes especially hypermethylation can be reversed by pharmacological compounds such as genistein (GE) and 17-beta estradiol (E2) which involve in preventing the development of certain cancers by maintaining a protective DNA methylation. The aim of the present study was to analyze the effects of GE on ERα and DNMT1 genes expression and also apoptotic and antiproliferative effects of GE and E2 on HCC.

Materials And Methods: Cells were treated with various concentrations of GE and E2 and the 3-(4,5-dimethyl-2-thiazolyl)-2,5-diphenyl-2H-tetrazolium bromide assay was used. Furthermore, cells were treated with single dose of GE and E2 (25 μM) and flow cytometry assay was performed. The expression level of the genes was determined by quantitative real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction.

Results: GE increased ERα and decreased DNMT1 genes expression, GE and E2 inhibited cell viability and induced apoptosis significantly.

Conclusion: GE can epigenetically increase ERα expression by inhibition of DNMT1 expression which in turn increases apoptotic effect of E2. Furthermore, a combination of GE and E2 can induce apoptosis more significantly.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/2277-9175.187395DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5025906PMC
September 2016

The effect of adenosine A1 receptor agonist and antagonist on p53 and caspase 3, 8, and 9 expression and apoptosis rate in MCF-7 breast cancer cell line.

Res Pharm Sci 2016 Jul;11(4):303-10

Department of Surgery, Medical School, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, I.R. Iran.

Adenosine receptor family especially A1 type is expressed in breast cancer cells in which P53 and caspase genes are wild-type. The aim of this study was to investigate the correlation between A1 receptor and either cell apoptosis or proliferation and also to recognize the relationship between this receptor and P53 and the expression of caspases 3, 8 and 9 in MCF-7 cell line. MCF-7 cells were treated intermittently with A1 receptor agonist N6-Cyclopentyladenosine (CPA) and A1 receptor antagonist 1,3-dipropyl-8-cyclopentylxanthine (DPCPX) in different times to measure the expression of p53, caspase 3, 8 and 9 besides apoptosis and survival rate. Our findings indicated that DPCPX significantly induced apoptosis in MCF-7 cells while the cell viability was reduced specially 72 h after the treatment and the expression of p53 gene and caspase expressions was dramatically up-regulated. On the other hand, CPA increased the cell viability and reduced apoptosis in MCF-7 cells. Our results indicated a significant down-regulation in the MCF-7 mRNA expression of p53 and caspases 3, 8 and 9. Furthermore, DPCPX induced p53 and caspase 3, 8 and 9 expressions that consequently promotes the cell apoptosis in MCF-7 cells. Therefore, DPCPX can be considered as an anti-cancer drug.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/1735-5362.189301DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5022378PMC
July 2016

Mechanical and cytotoxicity evaluation of nanostructured hydroxyapatite-bredigite scaffolds for bone regeneration.

Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl 2016 Nov 10;68:603-612. Epub 2016 Jun 10.

Department of Anatomical Sciences, School of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan 81746-73441, Iran.

Despite the attractive characteristics of three-dimensional pure hydroxyapatite (HA) scaffolds, due to their weak mechanical properties, researches have focused on the development of composite scaffolds via introducing suitable secondary components. The aim of this study was to develop, for the first time, three-dimensional HA-bredigite (Ca7MgSi4O16) scaffolds containing various amounts of bredigite nanopowder (0, 5, 10 and 15wt.%) using space holder technique. Transmission electron microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction spectroscopy were applied in order to study the morphology, fracture surface and phase compositions of nanopowders and scaffolds. Furthermore, the effects of scaffold composition on the mechanical properties, bioactivity, biodegradability, and cytotoxicity were also evaluated. Results showed that the composite scaffolds with average pore size in the range of 220-310μm, appearance porosity of 63.1-75.9% and appearance density of 1.1±0.04g/cm(3) were successfully developed, depending on bredigite content. Indeed, the micropore size of the scaffolds reduced with increasing bredigite content confirming that the sinterability of the scaffolds was improved. Furthermore, the compression strength and modulus of the scaffolds significantly enhanced via incorporation of bredigite content from 0 to 15wt.%. The composite scaffolds revealed superior bioactivity and biodegradability with increasing bredigite content. Moreover, MTT assay confirmed that HA-15wt.% bredigite scaffold significantly promoted cell proliferation compared to tissue culture plate (control) and HA scaffold. Based on these results, three-dimensional HA-bredigite scaffolds could be promising replacements for HA scaffolds in bone regeneration.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.msec.2016.06.030DOI Listing
November 2016

Inhibitory Effect of Genistein on PLC/PRF5 Hepatocellular Carcinoma Cell Line.

Int J Prev Med 2015 17;6:54. Epub 2015 Jun 17.

Department Plant Protection, College of Agriculture, Lorestan University, Khoramabad, Lorestan, Iran.

Background: Natural compounds including flavonoids like genistein (GE) are able to inhibit cell proliferation and induce apoptosis. GE is the main representative of these groups. GE inhibits carcinogenic tumors such as colon, stomach, lung, and pancreas tumors. The aim of the present study was to analyze the apoptotic effect of GE in the hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) PLC/PRF5 cell line.

Methods: Cells were treated with various doses of GE (1, 5, 10, 25, 50, 75, and 100 μM/L) at different times (24, 48, and 72 h) and the MTT assay was commonly used. Furthermore, cells were treated with single dose of GE (25 μM) at different times and flow cytometry was performed.

Results: GE inhibited the growth of liver cancer cells significantly with a time- and dose-dependent manner. The percentage of living cells in GE treatment groups with a concentration of 25 μM at different times were 53, 48 and 47%, respectively (P < 0.001). Result of flow cytometry demonstrated that GE at a 25 μM concentration induces apoptosis significantly in a time-dependent manner. The percentage of apoptotic cells at different times were 44, 56, and 60%, respectively (P < 0.001).

Conclusions: GE can significantly inhibit the growth of HCC cells and plays a significant role in apoptosis of this cell line.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/2008-7802.158914DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4498311PMC
July 2015

Study of carbon nano-tubes effects on the chondrogenesis of human adipose derived stem cells in alginate scaffold.

Int J Prev Med 2014 Jul;5(7):825-34

Department of Immunology, Medical School, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, I.R., Iran.

Background: Osteoarthritis is one of the most common diseases in middle-aged populations in the World and could become the fourth principal cause of disability by the year 2020. One of the critical properties for cartilage tissue engineering (TE) is the ability of scaffolds to closely mimic the extracellular matrix and bond to the host tissue. Therefore, TE has been presented as a technique to introduce the best combination of cells and biomaterial scaffold and to stimulate growth factors to produce a cartilage tissue resembling natural articular cartilage. The aim of study is to improve differentiation of adipose derived stem cells (ADSCs) into chondrocytes in order to provide a safe and modern treatment for patients suffering from cartilage damages.

Methods: After functionalization, dispersions and sterilizing carbon nano-tubes (CNTs), a new type of nanocomposite gel was prepared from water-soluble CNTs and alginate. ADSCs seeded in 1.5% alginate scaffold and cultured in chondrogenic media with and without transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) for 7 and 14 days. The genes expression of sex determining region Y-box 9 (SOX9), types II and X collagens was assessed by real-time polymerase chain reaction and the amount of aggrecan (AGC) and type I collagen was measured by ELISA.

Results: Our findings showed that the expression of essential cartilage markers, SOX9, type II collagen and AGC, in differentiated ADSCs at the concentration of 1 μg/ml CNTs in the presence of TGF-β1 were significantly increased in comparison with the control group (P < 0.001). Meanwhile, type X collagen expression and also type I collagen production were significantly decreased (P < 0.001).

Conclusions: The results showed that utilized three-dimensional scaffold had a brilliant effect in promoting gene expression of chondrogenesis.
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4124559PMC
July 2014

Combination of Salermide and Cholera Toxin B Induce Apoptosis in MCF-7 but Not in MRC-5 Cell Lines.

Int J Prev Med 2013 Dec;4(12):1402-13

Fertility and Infertility Research Center, Medical School, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran.

Background: Sirtuin1 is an enzyme that deacetylates histones and several non-histone proteins including P53 during the stress. P300 is a member of the histone acetyl transferase family and enzyme that acetylates histones. Hereby, this study describes the potency combination of Salermide as a Sirtuin1 inhibitor and cholera toxin B (CTB) as a P300 activator to induce apoptosis Michigan Cancer Foundation-7 (MCF-7) and MRC-5.

Methods: Cells were cultured and treated with a combination of Salermide and CTB respectively at concentrations of 80.56 and 85.43 μmol/L based on inhibitory concentration 50 indexes at different times. The percentage of apoptotic cells were measured by flow cytometry. Real-time polymerase chain reaction was performed to estimate the messenger ribonucleic acid expression of Sirtuin1 and P300 in cells. Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay and Bradford protein techniques were used to detect the endogenous levels of total and acetylated P53 protein generated in both cell lines.

Results: Our findings indicated that the combination of two drugs could effectively induced apoptosis in MCF-7 significantly higher than MRC-5. We showed that expression of Sirtuin1 and P300 was dramatically down-regulated with increasing time by the combination of Salermide and CTB treatment in MCF-7, but not MRC-5. The acetylated and total P53 protein levels were increased more in MCF-7 than MRC-5 with incubated combination of drugs at different times. Combination of CTB and Salermide in 72 h through decreasing expression of Sirtuin1 and P300 genes induced acetylation of P53 protein and consequently showed the most apoptosis in MCF-7 cells, but it could be well-tolerated in MRC-5.

Conclusion: Therefore, combination of drugs could be used as an anticancer agent.
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3898446PMC
December 2013

An animal model study for repair of tracheal defects with autologous stem cells and differentiated chondrocytes from adipose-derived stem cells.

J Pediatr Surg 2012 Nov;47(11):1997-2003

Department of Anatomical Sciences and Molecular Biology Medical School, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

Background: Stenosis of trachea with mucosal and cartilage lesions is a challenging problem in tracheal surgery. Owing to ease of harvest and abundance, adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) are attractive and increasingly used in tissue engineering. The aim of this study was to evaluate the repair of trachea with autologous stem cells and differentiated chondrocytes from adipose-derived stem cells in an animal model.

Methods And Material: Six canine ADSCs were isolated and proliferated in monolayer culture and CD44; CD90 markers were investigated by flow cytometry. ADSCs were seeded in alginate beads and were differentiated into chondrocytes by TGF-β3. Cartilage-specific markers with reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction were demonstrated in differentiated cells. These differentiated cells and stem cells in alginate scaffold were separately transferred to a defect created in canine's trachea. After 8 weeks, the healing and cartilage formation in the trachea was evaluated by histological methods.

Results: We identified formed cartilage pieces and chondrocytes with lacuna and extracellular matrix in defects implanted with differentiated cells, but in other groups, staining of the sections did not show the presence of cartilage in the engineered tracheal wall.

Conclusion: We showed that cartilage- engineered from differentiated adipose-derived stem cells in alginate biodegradable scaffold could repair tracheal cartilage defects.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2012.06.030DOI Listing
November 2012

Comparison of accuracy of uncorrected and corrected sagittal tomography in detection of mandibular condyle erosions: an exvivo study.

Dent Res J (Isfahan) 2010 ;7(2):76-81

Associate Professor, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology and Torabinejad Dental Research Center, School of Dentistry, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

Background: Radiographic examination of TMJ is indicated when there are clinical signs of pathological conditions, mainly bone changes that may influence the diagnosis and treatment planning. The purpose of this study was to evaluate and to compare the validity and diagnostic accuracy of uncorrected and corrected sagittal tomographic images in the detection of simulated mandibular condyle erosions.

Methods: Simulated lesions were created in 10 dry mandibles using a dental round bur. Using uncorrected and corrected sagittal tomography techniques, mandibular condyles were imaged by a Cranex Tome X-ray unit before and after creating the lesions. The uncorrected and corrected tomography images were examined by two independent observers for absence or presence of a lesion. The accuracy for detecting mandibular condyle lesions was expressed as sensitivity, specificity, and validity values. Differences between the two radiographic modalities were tested by Wilcoxon for paired data tests. Inter-observer agreement was determined by Cohen's Kappa.

Results: The sensitivity, specificity and validity were 45%, 85% and 30% in uncorrected sagittal tomographic images, respectively, and 70%, 92.5% and 60% in corrected sagittal tomographic images, respectively. There was a significant statistical difference between the accuracy of uncorrected and corrected sagittal tomography in detection of mandibular condyle erosions (P = 0.016). The inter-observer agreement was slight for uncorrected sagittal tomography and moderate for corrected sagittal tomography.

Conclusion: The accuracy of corrected sagittal tomography is significantly higher than that of uncorrected sagittal tomography. Therefore, corrected sagittal tomography seems to be a better modality in detection of mandibular condyle erosions.
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3177372PMC
November 2011