Publications by authors named "Ali Murat Sedef"

13 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Prediction of Peritoneal Recurrence in Patients with Gastric Cancer: a Multicenter Study.

J Gastrointest Cancer 2020 Jun 24. Epub 2020 Jun 24.

Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Oncology, Yıldırım Beyazıt University, Ankara, Turkey.

Purpose: The peritoneum is the common recurrence site of gastric cancer (GC) presenting with worse survival. Although some predictive clinicopathological factors have been identified, there is no comprehensive assessment of peritoneal recurrence risk prediction for patients treated with adjuvant chemotherapy (CR) or chemoradiotherapy (CRT) after surgery. We aimed to predict peritoneal recurrence and develop a new scoring model in GC.

Methods: This retrospective study included 274 GC patients who presented with recurrence after curative gastrectomy followed by adjuvant chemotherapy (CT) or chemoradiotherapy (CRT). Risk factors for peritoneal recurrence were analyzed using the following parameters: age, gender, tumor location and characteristics, and differences between treatment modalities. All parameters were assessed by binary logistic regression analysis to compare the patients with and without peritoneal recurrence. Then, a new risk scoring model was developed.

Results: Peritoneal recurrence was observed in 115 (44.1%) patients. Peritoneal recurrence was higher in female gender (odds ratio (OR), 1.93; 1.07-3.49, P = 0.030, 1 point), T4a-b stage (OR, 2.47; 1.14-5.36, P = 0.022, 1 point), poor/undifferentiated (OR, 2.04; 1.31-4.06, P = 0.004, 1 point), and signet cell carcinoma (OR, 2.04; 1.04-4.02, P = 0.038, 1 point) after adjusted for resection and dissection types. The risk scoring model was developed using the related parameters: Peritoneal recurrence rates were 24.6%, 42.6%, and 71.4% for group 1 (0 point), group 2 (1-2 points), and group 3 (3-4 points), respectively.

Conclusion: Female gender, T4 tumor stage, undifferentiated histopathology, and signet cell type had a tendency to peritoneal recurrence after adjusted for treatment modalities. Patients with 3 or 4 risk factors had an 8.8-fold increased risk for the development of peritoneal recurrence.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12029-020-00419-7DOI Listing
June 2020

Addition of taxanes to combination chemotherapy in distal intestinal gastric cancer is more beneficial than proximal ones: A multicenter retrospective study of Turkish Oncology Group.

J BUON 2019 Mar-Apr;24(2):650-655

Department of Medical Oncology, Medical Faculty, Baskent University, Adana, Turkey.

Purpose: Advanced gastric cancer has a dismal prognosis. Platin/5-fluorouracil (PF) combination chemotherapy is the main treatment modality for metastatic gastric cancer patients. Third drug addition to PF is a controversial issue. The aim of this study was to evaluate the predictive role of tumor localization and histopathology on choosing three- or two-drug combination regimens.

Methods: This study was designed as a hospital-based retrospective observational case-series study. A total of 516 patients with advanced gastric cancer has been treated at eight different oncology centers in Turkey between 2006 and 2016. Laboratory results and demographic data were collected and analyzed.

Results: The median patient age was 59 years (range 25-85). Proximal intestinal and distal intestinal cancers were found in 357 (69.2 %) and 159 (30.8 %) patients, respectively. 5-fluorouracil (5FU) and cisplatin (PF) and cisplatin+5FU+docetaxel (PFtax, also known as DCF) were administered to 240 (46.5%) and 276 (53.5%) patients, respectively. Median progression free survival (PFS) was 5.0 (95% CI 4.21-5.29) and 8 months (95% CI 7.22-8.77) for PF and PFtax groups, respectively (p=0.000). When tumor localization was used as stratum in PFS survival, PFtax produced significantly higher PFS rates only in distal intestinal type gastric cancer compared to PF (p=0.000). Median overall survival (OS) was 12 (95% CI 9.8-14.2) and 16 months (95% CI 13.6-18.4) for the PF and PFtax groups, respectively (p=0.01). When tumor localization was used as stratum in OS, PFtax showed significantly higher OS rates only in the distal intestinal type gastric cancer compared to PF (p=0.01) Conclusion: Pathology and tumor location in gastric cancer may affect the outcome. Addition of taxanes as a third drug may significantly increase PFS and OS rates only in distal intestinal type gastric cancer but not in patients with proximal type gastric cancer.
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December 2019

The hematologic parameters in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer patients treated with abiraterone acetate.

Future Oncol 2019 May 12;15(13):1469-1479. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

Department of Radiation Oncology, Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.

Currently, there are no predictive markers of response to abiraterone. We calculated neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) at baseline and at 4 and 12 weeks after initiation of abiraterone, and we evaluated prostate-specific antigen (PSA) response every 4 weeks in 102 metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) patients treated with abiraterone either pre- or postchemotherapy. With a median follow-up was 24.0 months (range: 0.3-54.9), median overall survival (OS) was 20.8 months. High-NLR patients who remained high or who returned to low NLR after 4 and 12 weeks showed significantly worse OS than patients with low baseline NLR. NLR and prostate-specific antigen response to abiraterone was a significant predictor of OS and progression-free survival (PFS) in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer patients treated with abiraterone delivered either pre- or postchemotherapy.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2217/fon-2018-0635DOI Listing
May 2019

Outcome of loco-regional radiotherapy in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer patients treated with abiraterone acetate.

Strahlenther Onkol 2019 Oct 30;195(10):872-881. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

Department of Radiation Oncology, Faculty of Medicine, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey.

Purpose: To evaluate the potential benefit of curative radiotherapy (RT) to the primary tumor in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) patients treated with abiraterone.

Materials And Methods: The clinical parameters of 106 mCRPC patients treated with abiraterone were retrospectively evaluated. Patients were either oligometastatic (≤5 metastases) at diagnosis or became oligometastatic after the systemic treatment was analyzed. Local RT to the primary tumor and pelvic lymphatics was delivered in 44 patients (41%), and 62 patients (59%) did not have RT to the primary tumor. After propensity match analysis, a total of 92 patients were analyzed.

Resultsn: Median follow-up time was 14.2 months (range: 2.3-54.9 months). Median overall survival (OS) was higher in patients treated with local RT to the primary tumor than in those treated without local RT with borderline significance (24.1 vs. 21.4 months; p = 0.08). Local RT to the prostate and pelvic lymphatics significantly diminished the local recurrence rate (16 patients, 31% vs. 2 patients, 5%; p = 0.003). In multivariate analysis, the prostate specific antigen (PSA) response ≥50% of the baseline obtained 3 weeks after abiraterone therapy was the only significant prognostic factor for better OS and progression-free survival (PFS). Patients treated with primary RT to the prostate had significantly less progression under abiraterone and a longer abiraterone period than those treated without local prostate RT.

Conclusions: Local prostate RT significantly improved OS and local control in mCRPC patients treated with abiraterone. The patients treated with primary RT had significantly less progression under abiraterone and a longer abiraterone period than those treated without local prostate RT.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00066-019-01429-6DOI Listing
October 2019

Multiple Extraneural Metastases of Anaplastic Oligodendroglioma.

Asian J Neurosurg 2018 Jul-Sep;13(3):830-833

Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Adana Practice and Research Center, Baskent University, Adana, Turkey.

Oligodendrogliomas (ODGs) is a diffuse glial tumor that constitutes 4.2% of all brain tumors. Extraneural metastases, sometimes seen in glioblastoma multiforme, are extremely rare in ODG. In this report, we present a 63-year-old male patient who was diagnosed with Grade 3 ODG and had an intracranial mass resected in our clinic 4 years ago. The subject now presented with low back pain and was found to have widespread metastases. The prolongation of patient survival by current treatment regimens has revealed a growing number of ODG patients with metastases. We believe that back pain complaints in patients with ODG should be viewed as an indicator of metastasis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/1793-5482.238010DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6159050PMC
October 2018

Adding taxane to platin-5-fluorouracil combination does not improve survival rate in patients ≥ 65 years of age with advanced gastric cancer: A retrospective-multicenter study.

J BUON 2018 Mar-Apr;23(2):416-421

Department of Medical Oncology, Aydin University Medical School, WM Medical Park Florya Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.

Purpose: Advanced gastric cancer (AGC) has a dismal prognosis. Platin-5-fluorouracil (CF) combination chemotherapy is the most widely used protocol and addition of a taxane (TCF) seems to increase survival and toxicity rates. We aimed to evaluate efficacy and toxicity of TCF as compared to CF in patients older than 65 years and compare them with the patients younger than 65 years.

Methods: A total of 341 patients with AGC have been treated at six different oncology centers in Turkey between 2010 and 2014 and evaluated retrospectively. The characteristics of the patients whose tumors were histologically confirmed and whose survival data were available were registered and analyzed. The study group consisted of 234 patients younger than 65 years (group 1) and 107 patients older than 65 years (group 2). All of the data obtained from the patients were statistically analyzed.

Results: The median age of the patients was 58.2 years and the mean follow-up time 14.4 months. For the entire group, progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were 9 and 13 months, respectively. Using TCF over CF regimen increased the OS by 4.2 months (i.e., group 1 and 2 together). For group 2, patients with liver metastases and without surgery of the primary tumor were treated with significantly more TCF as compared to CF, respectively. Although TCF yielded significantly higher PFS and OS in group 1 (p=0.0001 and p=0.017), there was no significant difference in group 2 as compared to CF. Also, grade 3-4 toxicity was statistically defined as one of the possible reasons of worsened OS in patients older than 65 years and receiving TCF.

Conclusions: The addition of taxanes to CF backbone leads to a significant increase in both PFS and OS in patients younger than 65 years of age but the triplet regimen with taxanes does not provide superior survival in patients older than 65 years of age.
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August 2019

A study on basic demographic and disease characteristics of cancer-diagnosed Syrian refugees treated in the border city of Turkey, Sanliurfa; a hospital-based retrospective case series study.

J BUON 2017 Nov-Dec;22(6):1591-1594

Department of Medical Oncology, Sanliurfa Research and Training Hospital, Sanliurfa, Turkey.

Purpose: Turkey hosts around 3 million Syrian refugees which is more than any other country in the world. Along with some other adaptation issues like cultural, language, and economic difficulties, significant problems in managing medical problems, chronic diseases like cancer in particular, have to be fixed. However, there are few studies which explore main patient and clinicopathological characteristics in Syrian refugees with cancer. The purpose of this study was to highlight the aforementioned characteristics along with management issues after cancer diagnosis of these patients.

Methods: This study was designed as a hospital-based retrospective observational case-series study of 134 Syrian refugees cancer patients between 2015 and 2017.

Results: The patient median age was 47.5 years (range 18- 80). Out of the 134, 102 (76.1%) were female. The most common cancer types were breast (n=57, 42.5%) and gynecological cancers (n=14, 10.4%). The majority of patients were diagnosed at advanced stage (n=60, 44.8%). There were 91 (67.9%) and 43 (32.1%) patients admitted to our center from refugee camps and staying in a house, respectively. The median follow-up was 14 months (range 1-111) and 11 (8.2%) patients died. One and two-year survival rate of the whole group were 93% and 86%, respectively. There were 12 (9%) patients with grade 3-4 hematological and non-hematological toxicities. Neutropenia was the most common grade 3-4 toxicity (n=8, 6%). The patients staying in refugee camp (n-91) or in a house (n=43) finished all planned cycles of chemotherapy with a rate of 71% (n=65) and 79% (n=34), respectively. Statistical analysis failed to show significant relationship between the staying site (either camp or house), chemotherapy compliance rate, grade 3-4 toxicities with p=0.347 and p=0.09, respectively.

Conclusion: Our results revealed that breast cancer and gynecological cancers were the most common cancer types which are good candidates for cancer screening. Unfortunately, the majority of patients had cancer diagnosed at advanced stage. However, after diagnosis they could reach all health facilities including surgical operation, radiotherapy, and systemic chemotherapy similar to Turkish cancer patients. Therefore, our results suggested that major problem for the Syrian refugees adapting them into national screening program which may resulted that cancer diagnosis at earlier stage with high cure rate.
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July 2019

Prognostic value of procalcitonin in infection-related mortality of cancer patients.

J BUON 2016 May-Jun;21(3):740-4

Department of Medical Oncology, Baskent University, Adana, Turkey.

Purpose: Infectious diseases are a major cause of morbidity and mortality in cancer patients. Tumor-induced inflammatory responses may increase the value of classical inflammatory markers in blood, so these markers may not be as useful in cancer patients as in non-cancer patients. Serum procalcitonin (PCT) is a sensitive and specific biomarker for severe infection, and has been shown to be unaffected by tumor-induced inflammatory response. In this study we aimed to evaluate the possible role of PCT in mortality in cancer patients with infection.

Methods: In total, 104 consecutive adult cancer patients who presented with fever (body temperature ≥ 38.3° C or ≥ 38° C on two consecutive measurements) during follow-up and needing hospitalization for infection were enrolled in this study.

Results: The majority (72%) of the patients were male. The most common diagnosis and type of infection were lung cancer (40.4%) and pneumonia (56.7%), respectively. The overall mortality rate was 17%. Statistical analysis showed a significant relationship between PCT levels and mortality (p=0.001), but not between classical inflammatory markers and mortality (p>0.05). The mortality rate of patients with a PCT value > 2 ng/mL was 34.3%, compared with 9.6% in patients with a PCT below this value (p=0.005). Furthermore, PCT predicted in-ward cancer patient mortality with a sensitivity of 66% and a specificity of 76%.

Conclusion: PCT is a unique serum biomarker significantly related to infection-related mortality and predicts mortality with a relatively high sensitivity and specificity.
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December 2016

Targeted treatment with pazopanib in metastatic soft tissue sarcoma: Nearly complete response in two cases.

Mol Clin Oncol 2015 Mar 13;3(2):400-402. Epub 2014 Nov 13.

Departments of Medical Oncology, Baskent University Adana Hospital, Yuregır, Adana, Turkey.

Soft tissue sarcomas (STS) are a group of rare mesenchymal cancers that include approximately 50 histological types and account for 1% of all adult cancers. The standard curative treatment option for localized disease is surgical resection and, if a surgically removed tumor exhibits high-risk characteristics, adjuvant chemotherapy and radiotherapy may be administered. Sarcoma presenting at an advanced stage has a dismal prognosis and survival has not markedly improved over the last 20 years. The standard first-line treatment for advanced STS, other than gastrointestinal stromal tumors, is cytotoxic chemotherapy. Therapies targeting pro-angiogenic factors have been a focus of drug development for STS over the last few years. Pazopanib, a multitargeted tyrosine kinase inhibitor, is a novel treatment option for patients with metastatic STS in the second-line setting. This is a presentation of 2 case reports of patients with metastatic STS who responded well to treatment with pazopanib.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3892/mco.2014.456DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4360755PMC
March 2015

Concurrent chemoradiotherapy with vinorelbine plus split-dose cisplatin may be an option in inoperable stage III non-small cell lung cancer: a single-center experience.

Med Sci Monit 2015 Mar 3;21:661-6. Epub 2015 Mar 3.

Department of Medical Oncology, Başkent University Medical Faculty, Adana, Turkey.

Background: Concurrent chemoradiotherapy is the current standard treatment for inoperable stage III non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). In this study we aimed to investigate the efficacy and toxicity of CCRT with split dose of cisplatin (30 mg/m2) and vinorelbine (20 mg/m2) in patients with inoperable stage III NSCLC followed in our oncology clinic.

Material And Methods: Medical records of 97 patients with inoperable stage III NSCLC treated with concurrent chemoradiotherapy with cisplatin-vinorelbine were retrospectively analyzed. Cisplatin (30 mg/m2) and vinorelbine (20 mg/m2) were administered on days 1, 8, 22, and 29 during radiotherapy. Two cycles of consolidation chemotherapy were given. All patient data, including pathological, clinical, radiological, biochemical, and hematological data, were assessed retrospectively using our database system.

Results: Our study included 97 unresectable stage III NSCLC patients who were treated with CCRT. Median age was 58 years old (range 39-75) and 87 (89.7%) of the patients were men. ECOG performance score was 0-1 in 93 patients (95.9%). Squamous histology, the most common histology, was diagnosed in 46 patients (47.4%). Median follow-up time was 23.8 months. Median progression-free survival (PFS) and median overall survival time (OS) were 10.3 months and 17.8 months, respectively. Objective response rate and clinical benefit rate were 75.3% and 83.5%, respectively. Distant and local relapse rate were 57.1% and 42.9%, respectively. Hematological and non-hematological grade 3-4 toxicities were seen in 13 (13.4%) and 16 (16.5%) patients, respectively. Six (6.1%) patients died due to toxicity.

Conclusions: The results of this study suggest that split-dose cisplatin may offer fewer grade III-IV toxicities without sacrificing efficacy and could be an option in patients with inoperable stage III NSCLC during CCRT. Similar to past studies, despite high response rate during CCRT, distant relapse is the major parameter that influences patient survival in long-term in NSCLC.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.12659/MSM.892730DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4356262PMC
March 2015

Patients with distal intestinal gastric cancer have superior outcome with addition of taxanes to combination chemotherapy, while proximal intestinal and diffuse gastric cancers do not: does biology and location predict chemotherapy benefit?

Med Oncol 2015 Feb 9;32(2):476. Epub 2015 Jan 9.

Department of Medical Oncology, Medical Faculty, Baskent University, Adana, Turkey.

Gastric cancer, with one million new cases observed annually, and its dismal prognosis, is one of the leading causes of cancer-related mortalities. Systemic chemotherapy is the main treatment modality in advanced gastric cancer patients. We aim to evaluate the predictive role of tumor localization and histopathology on choosing three or two-drug combination regimens. Consecutive 110 metastatic gastric adenocarcinoma patients who were admitted to the Baskent University Department of Medical Oncology and the Van Research and Training Hospital were included in the study. Data of patients were analyzed retrospectively. Median age of patients was 58 years (range 30-80). Proximal intestinal, distal intestinal, and diffuse gastric cancers were found in 35 (32 %), 64 (58 %), and 11 (10 %) patients, respectively. 5-fluoracil and platinum (PF) and PFtax were administered to 47 (43 %) and 63 (57 %) patients, respectively. Median progression-free survival (PFS) was 4.0 (95 % CI 2.5-5.6) and 7.4 months (95 % CI 6.0-8.7) for PF and PFtax groups, (p = 0.034). When we used tumor localization as strata in the PFS survival curve, PFtax produced significantly higher PFS rates only in distal intestinal-type gastric cancer, compared with PF (p = 0.03). Median overall survival (OS) was 9.0 (95 % CI 5.2-12.3) and 17.3 months (95 % CI 7.8-27) for PF and PFtax groups, (p = 0.010). When we used tumor localization as strata in the OS survival curve, PFtax produced significantly higher OS rates only in distal intestinal-type gastric cancer compared with PF (p = 0.015). Pathology and tumor location in gastric cancers may affect the outcome, the addition of taxanes as a third drug may significantly increase PFS and OS rate purely in distal intestinal-type gastric cancer but not in patients with proximal and diffuse-type gastric cancers.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12032-014-0476-8DOI Listing
February 2015

Primary extranodal non-Hodgkin's lymphoma: clinicopathological features, survival and treatment outcome in two cancer centers of southern Turkey.

Asian Pac J Cancer Prev 2014 ;15(17):7207-11

Department of Medical Oncology, Faculty of Medicine, Baskent University, Turkey E-mail :

Background: The aim of this study was to assess the epidemiological and clinicopathological characteristics of primary extranodal non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (pENL) patients, focusing on treatment and survival outcome.

Materials And Methods: Between October 2003 and March 2012, 802 patients with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) were diagnosed and treated in two different cancer centers of Southern Turkey.

Results: pENL, constituted 12.4% (100/802) of all NHL studied during this period. Median age of the patients was 56 years (range 17-87 years) and the male: female distribution was 3:2. Eighty-five of 100 patients (85%) were in stage I/II, 9/100 (9%) in stage III, whereas 6/100 (6%) were in stage IV. Head and neck constituted the most common site (51/100, 51%), followed by gastrointestinal tract (GIL) (37/100, 37%), and cerebrum (CL) (5/100, 5%). Diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) was the most common histological type, observed in 53% of patients, followed by marginal zone extranodal lymphoma (13%). Most of patients (76%) received a CHOP containing regimen. Complete remission (CR) were achieved in 71% of patients. The median follow-up duration of all patients was reported as 37.6 months (range, 0.8-165 months). This period was reported as 137.5 months (range, 117.5- 1578.6 months) in gastrointestinal lymphoma (GIL) patients, 119.0 months (range, 91.8-146.1 months) in head and neck lymphoma (HNL) patients, and 18.4 months (range, 12.6-24.1 months) in cerebral lymphoma (CL) patients.

Conclusions: Head and neck, and the gastrointestinal tract were the two most common extranodal sites observed. Histologically DLBC accounted for the majority of cases. Most patients were on earlier stages, had low-low intermediate IPI scores and had a favorable prognosis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.7314/apjcp.2014.15.17.7207DOI Listing
June 2015

The clinicopathological and survival differences between never and ever smokers with non-small cell lung cancer.

J BUON 2014 Apr-Jun;19(2):453-8

Baskent University, School of Medicine, Department of Medical Oncology, Adana, Turkey.

Purpose: Cigarette smoking was regarded as the most important carcinogenic factor of lung cancer, yet in recent years lung cancer in never-smokers is an increasingly prominent public health issue. The aim of this study was to assess the epidemiological and clinicopathological characteristics of never-smoker patients with non small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), focusing on clinical risk factors and survival.

Methods: We retrospectively analyzed 290 NSCLC patients who presented between 2006 and 2011. Differences in clinical features and survival between never- and ever- smoker patients were analyzed. Student's t-test and Mann-Whitney U-test were used to assess the significance of the variables between the groups. Survival curves were calculated using Kaplan-Meier method. Hazard ratio (HR) for death and its 95% confidence interval (CI) were calculated by Cox regression analysis.

Results: There were 243 (83.8%) ever-smokers and 47 (16.2%) never-smokers. In never-smokers females predominated (80.9%) as well as patients with adenocarcinomas (78.7%). At the time of analysis 143 (49.3%) patients had died. The 5-year overall survival (OS) rates were not significantly different between never- and ever-smokers (p=0.410) . The median OS of all patients was 26 months (95% CI: 16.8-35.2). The median OS was 23 months (95% CI: 11.8- 34.2) for never-smokers and 30 months ∥95% CI: 19.7-40.3) for ever-smokers (p=0.410). Never-smokers tended to present with more advanced disease than ever-smokers (p<0.004) and also with more advanced age (p<0.001). The HR for death increased with poorer Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group ( ECOG ) performance status (PS) (ECOG 2=3), advanced stage (stage 3=4) and untreated patients. Slightly lower risk for death was registered in patients with adenocarcinoma vs those with squamous cell carcinoma (SCC).

Conclusion: Although no difference in survival was seen, definite epidemiologic differences do exist between never- smokers and ever-smokers patients with NSCLC. Future efforts should focus on the underlying biological differences, and on identifying potential non-tobacco related risk factors in order to improve treatment strategies for these two groups of NSCLC patients.
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September 2014