Publications by authors named "Ali Cheraghi"

4 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

A Randomized Clinical Trial of the Effect of Pentoxifylline on C-Reactive Protein Level and Dialysis Adequacy in End-stage Renal Disease Patients on Maintenance Hemodialysis.

Iran J Kidney Dis 2016 Sep;10(5):299-303

Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, Arak Medical University, Arak, Iran.

Introduction:  C-reactive protein (CRP) is increased among patients on maintenance hemodialysis. Such inflammatory markers can result in protein-energy deficit syndromes and low adequacy of dialysis in these patients. This study evaluated the effect of pentoxifylline on serum CRP level and KT/V in end-stage renal disease patients on maintenance hemodialysis.

Material And Methods: This 1-month randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial involving 73 patients with end-stage renal disease on maintenance hemodialysis assessed the effectiveness of 400 mg/d of pentoxifylline on serum CRP level decrease and improvement of dialysis adequacy.

Results: The difference in mean serum CRP levels of the pentoxifylline and placebo groups was not significant before study. While CRP showed showed a significant increase in the placebo group after completing the interventions (P = .01), the difference was nonsignificant in the pentoxifylline group (P = .53). The difference in the mean adequacy of dialysis was not significant before the interventions between the two groups, while there was a significant increase in the pentoxifylline group (P = .01) and a nonsignificant increase in the placebo group (P = .31) after the interventions.

Conclusions: Among patients on maintenance hemodialysis, a 1-month trial of pentoxifylline was associated with a substantial improvement of adequacy of dialysis and a significant prevention from serum CRP level increase, but not a significant reduction in the mean serum CRP level.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

September 2016

Comparison of Serum LP-PLA2 Level and some Nutritional Factors between Well-Controlled and Poorly-Controlled Diabetic Patients.

Acta Med Iran 2015 Nov;53(11):690-6

Department of Cellular and Molecular Nutrition, School of Nutritional Sciences and Dietetics, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2) is produced by inflammatory cells, bound to LDL and other lipoproteins, and hydrolyzes oxidized phospholipids in LDL. Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes some investigations show the association of lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 mass and activity with the incidence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in populations with high prevalences of insulin resistance and diabetes. This study is a cross-sectional descriptive and analytic study on 80 individuals with diabetes referring to the Tehran Diabetes Association. Patients divided into two groups (well-controlled and poorly controlled) based on their HbA1C. Personal information, anthropometric assessments (including height, weight, waist circumference and hip circumference) and semi-quantitative 147 items FFQ was used and vein blood samples were taken. After plasma separation, blood sample used for FBS, HbA1c and LP-PLA2 measurement. The independent sample T test was used for comparing means. Data analyses showed a significant difference between weight and WHR (waist to hip ratio) means in two studied groups, also there was a statistically significant difference in food intake (Energy, carbohydrate, protein, micronutrients percent and some of the micronutrients). FBS, HbA1C and LP-PLA2 means showed statistically significant difference (P<0/001) between two groups. This study showed LP-PLA2 is elevated in poorly-controlled patients compared to well-controlled diabetic patients, which may suggest some nutritional factors contributing to the regulation of this enzyme.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

November 2015

Barriers to patient-centered care: a thematic analysis study.

Int J Nurs Knowl 2014 Feb 13;25(1):2-8. Epub 2013 Nov 13.

School of Nursing and Midwifery, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Purpose: To explore nurses' attitudes and experience toward the barriers to achieving patient-centered care in the critical care setting.

Methods: A qualitative exploratory design with thematic analysis approach was used to collect and analyze data, and identify barriers to patient-centered care. Data collection was based on in-depth semi-structured interviews.

Findings: Data analyses resulted in the identification of three themes: (a) lack of common understanding of teamwork, (b) individual barriers, and (c) organizational barriers.

Conclusion: This study goes beyond reporting problems with patient-centered care to try to understand why patients do not always receive high-quality care.

Implication For Nursing Practice: For achieving patient-centered care, not only nurses' individual efforts in following up-to-date evidence-based practice and having a holistic view are necessary, but also team coordination, organizational support, and elimination of nursing job problems.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
February 2014

Meaning of spiritual care: Iranian nurses' experiences.

Holist Nurs Pract 2013 Jul-Aug;27(4):199-206

Neuroscience Research Center Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.

Spiritual care is an essential component in nursing practice and strongly influenced by the sociocultural context. This article aimed to elucidate the meaning of nurses' experiences of giving spiritual care in southeast of Iran. A phenomenological hermeneutic approach influenced by Ricoeur was used. Eleven staff nurses who were currently working in the 3 major hospitals under the umbrella of the Kerman University of Medical Sciences were interviewed. The meaning of spiritual care was comprehensively understood as meeting patient as a unique being. This can be divided into 3 themes: meeting patient as a being in relationship, meeting patient as a cultural being, and meeting patient as a religious being. The results in this study suggest that education about spirituality and spiritual care should be included in the continuous and in-service education of registered nurses. Spiritual and cultural assessment criteria should be included in this education to improve the provision of holistic care.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
January 2014