Publications by authors named "Alfonso Pérez-Molino"

5 Publications

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Mutation study of Spanish patients with hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia.

BMC Med Genet 2008 Aug 1;9:75. Epub 2008 Aug 1.

Centro de Investigaciones Biologicas, CSIC, Ramiro de Maeztu, 9, Madrid 28040, Spain.

Background: Hereditary Hemorrhagic Telangiectasia (HHT) is an autosomal dominant and age-dependent vascular disorder characterised mainly by mutations in the Endoglin (ENG) or activin receptor-like kinase-1 (ALK1, ACVRL1) genes.

Methods: Here, we have identified 22 ALK1 mutations and 15 ENG mutations, many of which had not previously been reported, in independent Spanish families afflicted with HHT.

Results: We identified mutations in thirty-seven unrelated families. A detailed analysis of clinical symptoms was recorded for each patient analyzed, with a higher significant presence of pulmonary arteriovenous malformations (PAVM) in HHT1 patients over HHT2. Twenty-two mutations in ALK1 and fifteen in ENG genes were identified. Many of them, almost half, represented new mutations in ALK1 and in ENG. Missense mutations in ENG and ALK1 were localized in a tridimensional protein structure model.

Conclusion: Overall, ALK1 mutations (HHT2) were predominant over ENG mutations (HHT1) in our Spanish population, in agreement with previous data from our country and other Mediterranean countries (France, Italy), but different to Northern Europe or North America. There was a significant increase of PAVM associated with HHT1 over HHT2 in these families.
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August 2008

Therapeutic action of tranexamic acid in hereditary haemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT): regulation of ALK-1/endoglin pathway in endothelial cells.

Thromb Haemost 2007 Feb;97(2):254-62

Centro de nvestigaciones Biologicas, CSIC, Ramiro de Maetzu, Madrid, Spain.

Recurrent epistaxis is the most frequent clinical manifestation of hereditary haemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT). Its treatment is difficult. Our objective was to assess the use of tranexamic acid (TA), an antifibrinolytic drug, for the treatment of epistaxis in HHT patients and to investigate in vitro the effects of TA over endoglin and ALK-1 expression and activity in endothelial cells. A prospective study was carried out on patients with epistaxis treated with oral TA in the HHT Unit of Sierrallana Hospital (Cantabria, Spain). Primary cultures of endothelial cells were treated with TA to measure the levels of endoglin and ALK-1 at the cell surface by flow cytometry. RNA levels were also measured by real-time PCR, and the transcriptional effects of TA on reporters for endoglin, ALK-1 and the endoglin/ALK-1 TGF-beta pathway were assessed. The results showed that the fourteen HHT patients treated orally with TA improved, and the frequency and severity of their epistaxis were decreased. No complications derived from the treatment were observed. Cultured endothelial cells incubated with TA exhibited increased levels of endoglin and ALK-1 at the protein and mRNA levels, enhanced TGF-beta signaling, and improved endothelial cell functions like tubulogenesis and migration. In summary, oral administration of TA proved beneficial for epistaxis treatment in selected patients with HHT. In addition to its already reported antifibrinolytic effects, TA stimulates the expression ofALK-1 and endoglin, as well as the activity of the ALK-1/endoglin pathway.
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February 2007

Mutation study of Spanish patients with hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia and expression analysis of Endoglin and ALK1.

Hum Mutat 2006 Mar;27(3):295

Centro de Investigaciones Biologicas, Madrid, Spain.

Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) is an autosomal dominant and age-dependent vascular disorder originated by mutations in Endoglin (ENG) or activin receptor-like kinase-1 (ALK1, ACVRL1) genes. The first large series HHT analysis in Spanish population has identified mutations in 17 unrelated families. Ten different mutations in ALK1 and six in ENG genes were found. Six unrelated families had a mutation in ENG gene, four representing new mutations, p.Y258fs, pV323fs, p.F279fs (c.834_837del CTTC), and p.F279fsdupC. Eleven unrelated families harboured mutations in ALK1; ten were new mutations identified as p.H328P, p.R145fs, p.G68C, p.A377T, p.H297R, p.M376T, p.C36Y, p.H328P, p.T82del and p.R47P. Overall, ALK1 mutations (HHT2) were predominant over ENG mutations (HHT1), in agreement with data reported for other Mediterranean countries (France, Italy), but at variance with Northern Europe or North America. Endoglin expression in HHT1 or HHT2 activated monocytes and blood outgrowth endothelial cells (BOECs) from older patients was well below the theoretical 50% level expected from the HHT1 haploinsufficiency model, suggesting that the pathogenic endoglin haploinsufficiency leading to the HHT phenotype is age-dependent. Interestingly, ALK1 protein levels of HHT BOECs in some missense ALK1 mutants were similar to controls. In vitro expression of these ALK1 constructs suggests that, in addition to the haploinsufficiency model, certain ALK1 mutants may inhibit the function of the wild type allele.
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March 2006

Blood outgrowth endothelial cells from Hereditary Haemorrhagic Telangiectasia patients reveal abnormalities compatible with vascular lesions.

Cardiovasc Res 2005 Nov 5;68(2):235-48. Epub 2005 Jul 5.

Centro de Investigaciones Biologicas, CSIC, Ramiro de Maeztu, 9. Madrid, Spain.

Objective: Hereditary haemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) is originated by mutations in endoglin (HHT1) and ALK1 (HHT2) genes. The purpose of this work was to isolate and characterize circulating endothelial cells from HHT patients.

Methods: Pure primary cultures of blood outgrowth endothelial cells (BOECs) were obtained from 50 ml of peripheral blood by selection on collagen plates with endothelial medium.

Results: The amount of endoglin in HHT1-BOECs is half the controls, but HHT2-BOECs are also endoglin-deficient. Since the TGF-beta/ALK1 pathway activates the endoglin promoter activity, these results suggest the involvement of ALK1 in endoglin gene expression. Endothelial TGF-beta pathways, mediated by ALK1 and ALK5, are impaired in HHT cells. HHT-BOECs show disorganized and depolymerized actin fibers, as compared to the organized stress fibers of healthy-BOECs. Functionally, HHT-BOECs have impaired tube formation, in contrast with the cord-like structures derived from normal donors.

Conclusions: Decreased endoglin expression, impaired TGF-beta signalling, disorganized cytoskeleton, and failure to form cord-like structures are common characteristics of endothelial cells from HHT patients. These features may lead to fragility of small vessels and bleeding characteristic of the HHT vascular dysplasia and to a disrupted and abnormal angiogenesis, which may explain the clinical symptoms associated with this disease.
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November 2005

Mutation analysis in Spanish patients with hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia: deficient endoglin up-regulation in activated monocytes.

Clin Chem 2004 Nov 16;50(11):2003-11. Epub 2004 Sep 16.

Centro de Investigaciones Biológicas, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, Madrid, Spain.

Background: Mutations in the endoglin (ENG) or ALK1 genes are responsible for hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia types 1 and 2 (HHT1 and HHT2), respectively, a dominant vascular dysplasia caused by haploinsufficiency. No formal mutation studies of patients with HHT have been conducted in Spain.

Methods: ENG and ALK1 mutation analyses were carried out in 13 Spanish HHT patients diagnosed according to the Curacao criteria. Because endoglin is up-regulated at the cell surface during the monocyte-macrophage transition, endoglin concentrations in activated monocytes were determined by immunofluorescence flow cytometry in a systematic analysis. As controls, 40 non-HHT volunteers were studied for up-regulation of endoglin in activated monocytes.

Results: The mutation responsible for HHT was identified in eight patients belonging to two unrelated families. One of the families has a nonsense mutation in exon 4 (c.511C>T; R171X) of the ENG gene, and accordingly the disorder was identified as HHT1. The other family has a missense mutation affecting exon 8 (c.1120C>T; R374W) of the ALK1 gene, and hence is a HHT2 family. Interestingly, endoglin up-regulation was deficient in activated monocytes of both HHT1 and HHT2 patients compared with controls. By contrast, endoglin up-regulation was age-independent in control donors across a broad range of ages. The extent of endoglin up-regulation in activated monocytes was most diminished in those patients with the most severe symptoms.

Conclusions: Endoglin up-regulation in activated monocytes is impaired in HHT1 and HHT2 patients and is age-dependent in both HHT types. Endoglin expression may predict the clinical severity of HHT.
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November 2004