Publications by authors named "Alexandre Gianetti"

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PI3K, mTOR and GSK3 modulate cytokines' production in peripheral leukocyte in temporal lobe epilepsy.

Neurosci Lett 2021 Jun 9;756:135948. Epub 2021 May 9.

Neuroscience Program, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil; Department of Pharmacology, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brazil. Electronic address:

Introduction: Epilepsy is a common pathological condition that predisposes individuals to seizures, as well as cognitive and emotional dysfunctions. Different studies have demonstrated that inflammation contributes to the pathophysiology of epilepsy. Indeed, seizures change the peripheral inflammatory pattern, which, in turn, could contribute to seizures. However, the cause of the altered production of peripheral inflammatory mediators is not known. The PI3K/mTOR/GSK3β pathway is important for different physiological and pharmacological phenomena. Therefore, in the present study, we tested the hypothesis that the PI3K/mTOR/GSK3β pathway is deregulated in immune cells from patients with epilepsy and contributes to the abnormal production of inflammatory mediators.

Methods: Patients with temporal lobe epilepsy presenting hippocampal sclerosis and controls aged between 18 and 65 years-old were selected for this study. Peripheral blood was collected for the isolation of peripheral mononuclear blood cells (PBMC). Cells were pre-incubated with different PI3K, mTOR and GSK-3 inhibitors for 30 min and further stimulated with phytohaemaglutinin (PHA) or vehicle for 24 h. The supernatant was used to evaluate the production of IL-1β, IL-6, IL-10, TNF e IL-12p70.

Results: Non-selective inhibition of PI3K, as well as inhibition of PI3Kγ and GSK-3, reduced the levels of TNF and IL-10 in PHA-stimulated cells from TLE individuals. This stimulus increased the production of IL-12p70 only in cells from TLE individuals, while the inhibition of PI3K and mTOR enhanced the production of this cytokine. On the other hand, inhibition of GSK3 reduced the PHA-induced production of IL-12p70.

Conclusions: Herein we demonstrated that the production of cytokines by immune cells from patients with TLE differs from non-epileptic patients. This differential regulation may be associated with the altered activity and responsiveness of intracellular molecules, such as PI3K, mTOR and GSK-3, which, in turn, might contribute to the inflammatory state that exists in epilepsy and its pathogenesis.
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June 2021