Publications by authors named "Alexander Rumiantsev"

5 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Clinical significance of cytogenetic changes in childhood T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia: results of the multicenter group Moscow-Berlin (MB).

Leuk Lymphoma 2019 02 1;60(2):426-432. Epub 2018 Aug 1.

i Dmitry Rogachev National Medical Research Center of Pediatric Hematology, Oncology and Immunology, Charité CVK, Universitätsmedizin Berlin , Berlin , Germany.

The prognostic significance of genetic lesions in T-cell ALL still needs to be elucidated. Karyotyping and FISH were performed in samples from 120 patients with T-cell ALL registered in the trial Moscow-Berlin 2008. Most frequent rearrangements were TLX3 (N = 29; 24%) and TAL1 (N = 18; 15%), followed by KMT2A (N = 6; 5%), TLX1 (N = 5; 4.2%), and 11p13-15 (N = 5; 4.2%). In 16.7% of patients, the karyotype was normal, and in 30.8% 'other' aberrations were seen. Patients with a normal karyotype, TAL1, or KMT2A rearrangements had the most favorable outcome (probability of event free survival (pEFS): 82% ± 6%), while prognosis for patients with TLX3 and TLX1 rearrangements and 'other' aberrations was less favorable (pEFS: 62% ± 6%). Worst outcome was observed for five patients with 11p rearrangements (pEFS: 20% ± 18%). In summary, three subgroups of patients with T-cell ALL with significantly different outcomes could be defined by cytogenetic profiling.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10428194.2018.1485904DOI Listing
February 2019

A Conditioning Regimen with Plerixafor Is Safe and Improves the Outcome of TCRαβ and CD19 Cell-Depleted Stem Cell Transplantation in Patients with Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome.

Biol Blood Marrow Transplant 2018 07 14;24(7):1432-1440. Epub 2018 Mar 14.

Department of Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation, Dmitriy Rogachev National Center for Pediatric Hematology, Oncology, and Immunology, Moscow, Russia.

Our initial experience with hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) from a matched unrelated donor (MUD; n = 12) or a haploidentical related donor (n = 6) with T cell receptor (TCR)αβ/CD19 graft depletion in patients with Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome (WAS) (n = 18) showed a dramatic decrease in the incidence of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) and transplantation-related mortality, with an increased overall survival (OS) of 88.9%. Unfortunately, the treatment was associated with mixed myeloid donor chimerism and secondary graft dysfunction (severe thrombocytopenia, n = 2; graft rejection, n = 5). To improve the outcome, we hypothesized that the addition of G-CSF and plerixafor to the conditioning chemotherapy would result in more complete donor stem cell engraftment. This trial was registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov (NCT03019809). A study group of patients with WAS (n = 16) underwent TCRαβ/CD19-depleted HSCT (MUD, n = 6; haploidentical, n = 10). The conditioning regimen was treosulfan-fludarabine-rabbit antithymocyte globulin-melphalan (or thiophosphamide in 1 patient) with G-CSF (10 µg/kg/day for 5 days starting on day -8) and plerixafor (240 µg/kg/day for 3 days starting on day -6). The clinical outcomes in this study were compared to those in a historical dataset (n = 18). No patients had grade III/IV acute GVHD in either the study or the historical control group. Importantly, in the patients with WAS, there was no statistical significance in OS between those who underwent HSCT from haploidentical donors and those who underwent HSCT from MUDs (93.8% versus 88.5%; P = .612). All patients in the study group had full donor chimerism in whole blood and in the CD3 compartments. The OS was 93.8%, and there were no cases of graft dysfunction. This study demonstrates the efficacy of adding G-CSF/plerixafor to the conditioning regimen before HSCT with TCRαβ/C D19 graft depletion in patients with WAS.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbmt.2018.03.006DOI Listing
July 2018

Efficacy and safety of pathogen-reduced platelet concentrates in children with cancer: a retrospective cohort study.

Transfusion 2016 Mar;56 Suppl 1:S24-8

Department of Transfusion Medicine, Federal Russian Center for Pediatric Hematology, Oncology and Immunology, Moscow, Russia.

Background: The safety of blood component transfusions is still of concern and the use of pathogen reduction (PR) methods is increasing. Limited data are available describing safety and efficacy of PR platelet (PLT) transfusions in children. We report the results of a retrospective evaluation of prophylactic transfusions of PR PLT units treated with riboflavin and ultraviolet light in pediatric patients with malignant disorders.

Study Design And Methods: A total of 137 patients (PR, 51; control, 86) and 432 transfusions (PR, 141; control, 291) with mean age of 11 years were evaluated. The primary clinical efficacy endpoint was the proportion of patients with bleeding on any day of PLT support. Secondary endpoints included 1- and 24-hour PLT increments, corrected count increments (CCIs), and the number of days between PLT transfusions. Safety endpoints included number of posttransfusion adverse reactions.

Results: The incidence of bleeding events, severity, and localization of bleeding sites did not differ between the study groups. Posttransfusion PLT counts and 1- and 4-hour CCIs (12.25 ± 4.26 and 25.67 ± 7.11; p < 0.05; PR vs. control, respectively) and 18- to 24-hour CCIs (9.41 ± 6.42 and 12.47 ± 6.25; p < 0.05) after transfusions were significantly lower in the PR group. Transfusion-related adverse event rates did not differ between groups (8.3% vs. 9.8%, p = 0.73).

Conclusion: In spite of lower numerical increase in PLT count, the hemostatic efficacy and safety of PR PLT transfusions was comparable with the control group. Adverse event rates did not differ between groups, but the sample size was relatively small.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/trf.13332DOI Listing
March 2016

Diffuse scattering in metallic tin polymorphs.

J Phys Condens Matter 2014 Mar 3;26(11):115401. Epub 2014 Mar 3.

European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, BP 220 F-38043 Grenoble Cedex 9, France.

The lattice dynamics of the metallic tin β and γ polymorphs has been studied by a combination of diffuse scattering, inelastic x-ray scattering and density functional perturbation theory. The non-symmorphic space group of the β-tin structure results in unusual asymmetry of thermal diffuse scattering. Strong resemblance of the diffuse scattering intensity distribution in β and γ-tin were observed, reflecting the structural relationship between the two phases and revealing the qualitative similarity of the underlying electronic potential. The strong influence of the electron subsystem on inter-ionic interactions creates anomalies in the phonon dispersion relations. All observed features are described in great detail by the density functional perturbation theory for both β- and γ-tin at arbitrary momentum transfers. The combined approach delivers thus a complete picture of the lattice dynamics in harmonic description.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0953-8984/26/11/115401DOI Listing
March 2014

Recovery of ovarian function and pregnancy in a patient with AML after myeloablative busulphan-based conditioning regimen.

J Pediatr Hematol Oncol 2011 May;33(4):e154-5

Federal Research and Clinical Center of Pediatric Hematology, Oncology and Immunology, Moscow, Russia.

We report a rare case of ovarian function recovery and pregnancy after hormone-replacement therapy (HRT) in the acute myeloblastic leukemia (AML) patient in third complete remission received hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) with busulphan-based conditioning regimen. Successful engraftment of the donor cells and full donor's chimerism was achieved without the signs of leukemia. One year after HSCT the patient received a course of HRT as a treatment of hypergonadotropic hypogonadism. After 12 months of HRT the recovery of ovarian function was confirmed. Eight years after the HSCT spontaneous pregnancy occurred; heartbeat of the fetus was registered on week 7. Three weeks later a nonsevere vaginal bleeding occurred and the ultrasound examination showed a nondeveloping pregnancy. Genetic examination of the abortion material showed a full triploid genotype (69 XXX). To our knowledge this is a first case of ovarian function restoration and spontaneous pregnancy in a AML patient after multiple courses of high-dose chemotherapy and busulphan-based myeloablative conditioning for HSCT.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MPH.0b013e3181faf7b5DOI Listing
May 2011
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