Publications by authors named "Alexander M Chaitoff"

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Association Between Pain, Blood Pressure, and Medication Intensification in Primary Care: an Observational Study.

J Gen Intern Med 2020 12 21;35(12):3549-3555. Epub 2020 Sep 21.

Center for Value-Based Care Research, Cleveland Clinic Community Care, Cleveland Clinic, 9500 Euclid Avenue, G10, Cleveland, OH, 44195, USA.

Background: Treating hypertension is important but physicians often do not intensify blood pressure (BP) treatment in the setting of pain.

Objective: To identify whether reporting pain is associated with (1) elevated BP at the same visit, (2) medication intensification, and (3) elevated BP at the subsequent visit.

Design: Retrospective cohort SETTING: Integrated health system PARTICIPANTS: Adults seen in primary care EXPOSURE: Pain status based on numerical scale: mild (1-3), moderate (4-6), or severe (≥ 7).

Main Measures: We defined elevated BP as ≥ 140/80 mmHg and medication intensification as increasing the dose or adding a new antihypertensive medication. Multilevel regression models were used to find the association between pain and (1) elevated BP at the index visit; (2) medication intensification at the index visit; and (3) elevated BP at the subsequent visit. Models adjusted for demographics, chronic conditions, and clustering within physician. In the third model, we adjusted for initial systolic BP as well.

Key Results: Our population included 56,322 patients; 3155 (6%) reported mild pain, 5050 (9%) reported moderate pain, and 4647 (8%) reported severe pain at the index visit. Compared with no pain, the adjusted odds ratios of elevated BP were 1.38 (95% CI: 1.28-1.48) for severe pain, 1.06 (95% CI: 0.99-1.14) for moderate pain, and 1.02 (95% CI: 0.93-1.12) for mild pain. Adjusted odds ratios of medication intensification at the index visit were 0.65 (95% CI: 0.54-0.80) for mild pain, 0.61 (95% CI: 0.52-0.72) for moderate pain, and 0.55 (95% CI: 0.47-0.64) for severe pain. Among patients with elevated BP at the index visit, reporting pain at the index visit was not associated with elevated BP at the subsequent visit.

Conclusions: When patients reported pain, physicians were less likely to intensify antihypertensive treatment; nevertheless, patients reporting pain were not more likely to have elevated BP at the subsequent visit.
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December 2020