Publications by authors named "Alexander Karachunskii"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Clinical significance of cytogenetic changes in childhood T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia: results of the multicenter group Moscow-Berlin (MB).

Leuk Lymphoma 2019 02 1;60(2):426-432. Epub 2018 Aug 1.

i Dmitry Rogachev National Medical Research Center of Pediatric Hematology, Oncology and Immunology, Charité CVK, Universitätsmedizin Berlin , Berlin , Germany.

The prognostic significance of genetic lesions in T-cell ALL still needs to be elucidated. Karyotyping and FISH were performed in samples from 120 patients with T-cell ALL registered in the trial Moscow-Berlin 2008. Most frequent rearrangements were TLX3 (N = 29; 24%) and TAL1 (N = 18; 15%), followed by KMT2A (N = 6; 5%), TLX1 (N = 5; 4.2%), and 11p13-15 (N = 5; 4.2%). In 16.7% of patients, the karyotype was normal, and in 30.8% 'other' aberrations were seen. Patients with a normal karyotype, TAL1, or KMT2A rearrangements had the most favorable outcome (probability of event free survival (pEFS): 82% ± 6%), while prognosis for patients with TLX3 and TLX1 rearrangements and 'other' aberrations was less favorable (pEFS: 62% ± 6%). Worst outcome was observed for five patients with 11p rearrangements (pEFS: 20% ± 18%). In summary, three subgroups of patients with T-cell ALL with significantly different outcomes could be defined by cytogenetic profiling.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10428194.2018.1485904DOI Listing
February 2019

Clinical screening of gene rearrangements in childhood leukemia by using a multiplex polymerase chain reaction-microarray approach.

Clin Cancer Res 2003 Nov;9(15):5620-9

Engelhardt Institute of Molecular Biology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia.

Purpose: Currently, many forms of leukemia are considered potentially curable, with prognosis and clinical outcome strongly dependent on the underlying molecular pathophysiology. A substantial number of leukemia patients harbor nonrandom karyotypic abnormalities that define subgroups with unique biological and clinical features. For detection of these types of gene rearrangements, a combination of multiplex RT-PCR with hybridization on oligonucleotide gel array was presented previously, which identified five chromosomal translocations with fusion variants. In the present study, additional clinically relevant translocations were included in our analysis using a second generation of microarrays. We also expanded significantly on the clinical correlation of our findings.

Experimental Design: An oligonucleotide microarray was designed for hybridization with products of a multiplex RT-PCR to identify the following translocations: t(9;22)p190, t(4;11), t(12;21), t(1;19), typical for acute lymphoblastic leukemia; t(9;22)p210 for chronic myeloid leukemia; and t(8;21), t(15;17), inv16, typical for acute myeloblastic leukemia.

Results: To demonstrate the potential clinical application of the method, 247 cases of childhood leukemia were screened, and the above-mentioned gene rearrangements were found in 30% of cases. The sensitivity and specificity of the assay is comparable with the RT-PCR technique, so that it can be used to follow minimal residual disease. The feasibility of an additional refinement of the method, on-chip-multiplex PCR, has been successfully demonstrated by identifying a common translocation, t(9;22), in chronic myeloid leukemia.

Conclusions: Our data suggest that the microarray-based assay can be an effective and reliable tool in the clinical screening of leukemia patients for the presence of specific gene rearrangements with important diagnostic and prognostic implications. The method is amenable for automation and high-throughput analysis.
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November 2003
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