Publications by authors named "Alexander Amosov"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

A systematic review and meta-analysis of Histoscanning™ in prostate cancer diagnostics.

World J Urol 2021 Oct 7;39(10):3733-3740. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Institute for Urology and Reproductive Health, Sechenov University, Bolshaya Pirogovskaya str. 2 bld. 1, Moscow, 119991, Russia.

Context: The value of Histoscanning™ (HS) in prostate cancer (PCa) imaging is much debated, although it has been used in clinical practice for more than 10 years now.

Objective: To summarize the data on HS from various PCa diagnostic perspectives to determine its potential.

Materials And Methods: We performed a systematic search using 2 databases (Medline and Scopus) on the query "Histoscan*". The primary endpoint was HS accuracy. The secondary endpoints were: correlation of lesion volume by HS and histology, ability of HS to predict extracapsular extension or seminal vesicle invasion.

Results: HS improved cancer detection rate "per core", OR = 16.37 (95% CI 13.2; 20.3), p < 0.0001, I = 98% and "per patient", OR = 1.83 (95% CI 1.51; 2.21), p < 0.0001, I = 95%. The pooled accuracy was markedly low: sensitivity - 0.2 (95% CI 0.19-0.21), specificity - 0.12 (0.11-0.13), AUC 0.12. 8 of 10 studiers showed no additional value for HS. The pooled accuracy with histology after RP was relatively better, yet still very low: sensitivity - 0.56 (95% CI 0.5-0.63), specificity - 0.23 (0.18-0.28), AUC 0.4. 9 of 12 studies did not show any benefit of HS.

Conclusion: This meta-analysis does not see the incremental value in comparing prostate Histoscanning with conventional TRUS in prostate cancer screening and targeted biopsy. HS proved to be slightly more accurate in predicting extracapsular extension on RP, but the available data does not allow us to draw any conclusions on its effectiveness in practice. Histoscanning is a modification of ultrasound for prostate cancer visualization. The available data suggest its low accuracy in screening and detecting of prostate cancer.
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October 2021

Whole-gland ablation therapy versus active surveillance for low-risk prostate cancer: a prospective study.

Cent European J Urol 2020 8;73(2):127-133. Epub 2020 Apr 8.

Department of Urology, Institut Mutualiste Montsouris, Paris, France.

Introduction: The objective of this study is assess the outcomes of whole-gland ablation (high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU), cryotherapy and brachytherapy) and active surveillance (AS) in patients with low-risk prostate cancer (PCa).

Material And Methods: This prospective non-randomised study included 155 patients with low-risk PCa managed with either ablative therapy or AS. Follow-up included mpMRI, biopsies, prostate-specific antigen (PSA), quality of life and complications for up to 24 months. The primary endpoint was cancer progression. The secondary endpoint was the impact of each treatment on the quality of life.

Results: Mean total preoperative PSA was 8.8 ±1.5 ng/ml. Of 155 patients, 125 received treatment: 45 - HIFU; 45 - cryoablation; 35 - brachytherapy. Thirty were under AS. Mean nadir PSA levels were 0.64 ±0.55 ng/ml for HIFU, 0.53 ±0.38 ng/ml for cryoablation and 0.48 ±0.34 ng/ml for brachytherapy. In the AS group, mean PSA was 9.9 ±3.8 ng/ml. Biochemical relapse-free survival rates at 24 months were 81.8% for HIFU, 85% for cryoablation, 93.9% for brachytherapy and 93.3% for AS. In only one HIFU patient relapse was not confirmed on biopsy. Increased anxiety was found in up to 6.7% after treatment and in 36.7% of patients undergoing AS. The Kaplan-Meier analysis revealed no statistical differences between the techniques.

Conclusions: Whole-gland ablative therapy can be considered a viable treatment modality for carefully selected patients with low-risk PCa who are reluctant to select AS due to anxiety.
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April 2020

Hemiablation of Localized Prostate Cancer by High-Intensity Focused Ultrasound: A Series of 35 Cases.

Oncology 2019 9;97(1):44-48. Epub 2019 May 9.

Institute for Urology and Reproductive Health, First Moscow State Medical University (Sechenov University), Moscow, Russian Federation.

Prostate cancer (PrC) is one of the most common tumors diagnosed in men. The detection rate of localized PrC has been dramatically enhanced by screening and the development of visualization methods. There are currently several techniques for focal treatment available, among which the most interesting in our opinion is high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU). Currently, HIFU hemiablation of PrC is not an established treatment, although evidence of its effectiveness and safety is growing. We have been performing HIFU hemiablation since 2013 and here report our results to add to the evidence on the effectiveness of the technique. Between October 2013 and December 2016, we performed HIFU hemiablation of the prostate for a total of 35 patients with confirmed PrC stage
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July 2019