Publications by authors named "Alessandra Tateo"

11 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Volatile Organic Compounds, Oxidative and Sensory Patterns of Vacuum Aged Foal Meat.

Animals (Basel) 2020 Aug 24;10(9). Epub 2020 Aug 24.

Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Bari A. Moro, 70010 Valenzano, BA, Italy.

The study aimed to evaluate the effect of 14-day vacuum aging on the volatile compounds (VOC) profile, oxidative profile, antioxidant enzymes activity, and sensory evaluation in the Longissimusthoracis muscle of foal meat under vacuum aging. Longissimusthoracis (LT) was sampled in 20 mm thick slices, vacuum packed, and stored at 4 °C. Samples were randomly assigned to different aging times (1, 6, 9, 14 days after slaughtering). VOCs, thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARs), hydroperoxides, carbonyl proteins, superoxide dismutase, catalase, and glutathione peroxidase were analyzed, and a sensory test was performed. A nested one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) was performed for aging time as an independent variable. Significance was set at < 0.05. The main VOCs originating from cooked steaks were aldehydes, (from 47.18% to 58.81% of the total volatile compounds), followed by hydrocarbons (from 9.32% and 31.99%). TBARs and hydroperoxides did not show variations due to aging ( > 0.05), instead, protein carbonyls showed higher values at the 14th day ( < 0.01). Catalase, superoxide dismutase, and glutathione peroxidase showed increasing values during aging time ( < 0.01). Vacuum aging slowed down lipid oxidation, and protein oxidation was shown to be present. However, the best vacuum aging duration is in the range of 6-9 days from slaughtering, with an improvement of sensory evaluation.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ani10091495DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7552191PMC
August 2020

Comparison of Mineral, Metabolic, and Oxidative Profile of Saanen Goat during Lactation with Different Mediterranean Breed Clusters under the Same Environmental Conditions.

Animals (Basel) 2020 Mar 4;10(3). Epub 2020 Mar 4.

Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Bari Aldo Moro, Casamassima km 3, 70010 Valenzano, Italy.

This study aimed to describe metabolic, oxidative, and mineral blood profiles of Saanen does through lactation compared with Mediterranean breed clusters (Maltese and Rossa Mediterranea, and Jonica, Garganica, and Girgentana). Milk and blood samples of 57 dairy goats (9-10 goats per breed) were collected from the 2nd to the 30th week of lactation every 2-3 weeks. Saanen showed greater milk yield and somatic cell score, and lower fat and protein percentage through lactation ( < 0.05) than the Mediterranean breed clusters. Blood analysis revealed that stage of lactation had a greater impact than breed cluster, except for uric acid, alkaline phosphatase, and aspartate aminotransferase. Plasmatic non-esterified fatty acids indicated a greater negative energy balance in Saanen than the other breed clusters during early and medium lactation stages ( < 0.05). Serum Cl, Mg, and Ca increased in all the breed clusters from early to the following stages of lactation ( < 0.05). No significant prooxidant/antioxidant imbalances were detected in any of the three clusters during the entire lactation. In conclusion, Mediterranean breeds tended to recover earlier from negative energy balance than Saanen, but effects of breed or stage of lactation on long-term oxidative stress indicators were not evident.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ani10030432DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7175111PMC
March 2020

Survey of biochemical and oxidative profile in donkey foals suckled with one natural and one semi-artificial technique.

PLoS One 2018 6;13(6):e0198774. Epub 2018 Jun 6.

Department of Veterinary Medicine, University "A. Moro" of Bari, Valenzano, Bari, Italy.

Dairy donkey milking procedures require separating foals from their dams for a few hours a day. Artificial suckling in this species is a good technique for improving milk production and foal welfare. The aim of the work is to compare the effect of two different diets on donkey foals when separated from jennies for milking procedures with and without a milk replacer. Forty newborn Martina Franca donkey foals were subdivided into two experimental groups. Both groups were separated from their respective dams from 8.00to 20.00to allow the jennies to be milked. During the separation, all the foals had access ad libitum to water, hay and feed. During the separation period, one group had the availability of a mechanical milk replacer dispenser, so foals were partially artificially suckled (AS), while the other group had no milk replacer available, and so were totally naturally suckled (NS). The AS group had milk replacer availability until 120±7d of life. Both groups were naturally weaned at 168±7d. Blood samples were collected weekly starting from birth until two wks after weaning (i.e. at 182d), from all the foals included in the trial. Almost all the analytes were influenced by suckling technique and age of foals. Alanine-aminotransferase, aspartate-aminotransferase, alkaline phosphatase, NEFA, lipid hydroperoxides, serum proteins showed the greatest differences between the two experimental groups. Separating foals from their dams for 12hdaily for 24 weeks does not lead to pathological subclinical and metabolic conditions, thus confirming the high rusticity and resistance of the donkey.
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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0198774PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5991377PMC
January 2019

ATP Sensitive Potassium Channels in the Skeletal Muscle Function: Involvement of the KCNJ11(Kir6.2) Gene in the Determination of Mechanical Warner Bratzer Shear Force.

Front Physiol 2016 10;7:167. Epub 2016 May 10.

Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Bari Aldo Moro Bari, Italy.

The ATP-sensitive K(+)-channels (KATP) are distributed in the tissues coupling metabolism with K(+) ions efflux. KATP subunits are encoded by KCNJ8 (Kir6.1), KCNJ11 (Kir6.2), ABCC8 (SUR1), and ABCC9 (SUR2) genes, alternative RNA splicing give rise to SUR variants that confer distinct physiological properties on the channel. An high expression/activity of the sarco-KATP channel is observed in various rat fast-twitch muscles, characterized by elevated muscle strength, while a low expression/activity is observed in the slow-twitch muscles characterized by reduced strength and frailty. Down-regulation of the KATP subunits of fast-twitch fibers is found in conditions characterized by weakness and frailty. KCNJ11 gene knockout mice have reduced glycogen, lean phenotype, lower body fat, and weakness. KATP channel is also a sensor of muscle atrophy. The KCNJ11 gene is located on BTA15, close to a QTL for meat tenderness, it has also a role in glycogen storage, a key mechanism of the postmortem transformation of muscle into meat. The role of KCNJ11 gene in muscle function may underlie an effect of KCNJ11 genotypes on meat tenderness, as recently reported. The fiber phenotype and genotype are important in livestock production science. Quantitative traits including meat production and quality are influenced both by environment and genes. Molecular markers can play an important role in the genetic improvement of animals through breeding strategies. Many factors influence the muscle Warner-Bratzler shear force including breed, age, feeding, the biochemical, and functional parameters. The role of KCNJ11gene and related genes on muscle tenderness will be discussed in the present review.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fphys.2016.00167DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4862255PMC
May 2016

Artificial suckling in Martina Franca donkey foals: effect on in vivo performances and carcass composition.

Trop Anim Health Prod 2016 Jan 28;48(1):167-73. Epub 2015 Oct 28.

Department of Veterinary Medicine, University "Aldo Moro" of Bari, S.P. per Casamassima, km 3, 70010, Valenzano, BA, Italy.

In recent years, there has been an increasing interest on donkey milk production, on its characteristics, and also on breeding techniques. Donkey milk is characterized by high economic value, although the productive level of jennies is poor. During the milking process, foals are usually separated from their dams, allowing the milk collection in the mammary gland of jennies before milking session. This takes 8 h per day of fastening period for lactating donkey foals. During this period, it could be possible to apply a partial artificial suckling system (artificial suckling during daytime and natural suckling during the night). The aim of the work is the evaluation of the effect of this innovative technique on in vivo performances and on meat production traits of Martina Franca donkey foals. Forty Martina Franca jennies with their foals were used for the trial. After colostrum assumption, 20 foals were partially artificially suckled (AS) during each day, and 20 foals were naturally suckled (NS). From 8.00 to 20.00, both groups were separated from their mothers in order to allow the milking procedures of the jennies. The AS group was in a stall equipped with an automatic calf-suckling machine. For each group, 10 foals were slaughtered at 12 months and 10 foals at 18 months. Artificial suckling system positively affected the growth rate of donkey foals, particularly in the first 6 months from birth, with higher weekly weight gain (P < 0.01), higher final live weight (P < 0.001), and carcass weight (P < 0.01), but no effects were observed on carcass dressing percentage (P > 0.05). Artificial suckling system permitted to extend the time of foal separation from their mothers increasing milk collection time per day, awarding fastening periods in foals.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11250-015-0940-2DOI Listing
January 2016

Is meat quality from Longissimus lumborum samples correlated with other cuts in horse meat?

Anim Sci J 2016 Mar 14;87(3):428-38. Epub 2015 Oct 14.

Department of Veterinary Medicine, University "Aldo Moro" of Bari, Valenzano (BA), Italy.

The present work aims to investigate if the variation of each parameter in Longissimus lumborum muscle could correspond to the same or to a similar variation of the parameter in the other muscles. The work presents results of Pearson's correlations between Longissimus lumborum samples and other muscle samples, such as Biceps femoris, Rectus femoris, Semimembranosus, Supraspinatus and Semitendinosus in horse meat. A total of 27 male IHDH (Italian Heavy Draught Horse) breed foals were employed. They were slaughtered at 11 months of age and the above-mentioned muscles were sampled. The Longissimus lumborum muscle showed to be representative of other muscles and of the whole carcass for some chemical parameters (moisture, protein and ash) and for some fatty acids profile patterns such as C12:0, C14:0, total monounsaturated fatty acid and polyunsaturated fatty acid, but poor correlations were recorded for intramuscular fat concentration, rheological and colorimetric parameters. Although almost all the qualitative parameters in meat are affected by the anatomical site and by the muscle, the Longissimus lumborum is often not representative in horse meat with regard to modifications of this parameters.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/asj.12433DOI Listing
March 2016

Effect of nutritive level on carcass traits and meat quality of IHDH foals.

Anim Sci J 2014 Jul 24;85(7):780-6. Epub 2014 Jun 24.

Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Bari Aldo Moro, Valenzano, Bari, Italy.

The present work describes the effect of nutritive level on horse carcass traits and on meat quality. Eighteen male Italian Heavy Draught Horse (IHDH) breed foals were employed in the study. Soon after foaling they were randomly subdivided into three groups according to three nutritive level classes: 150%, 180% and 200% of maintenance requirements. Live weight, hot carcass weight and dressing percentage of each animal were recorded. After slaughtering, meat samples were collected from Longissimus dorsi muscle. The right half carcass of each animal was then divided into cuts. Each one was subdivided into lean, fat and bones. Live weight, carcass weight and dressing percentage were not affected by nutritive level (P>0.05). Horses fed with the lower nutritive level showed a higher incidence of lean and a lower incidence of fat (P<0.01). Moreover, fatty acid profile was not affected by nutritive level (P>0.05). Probably the tendency of IHDH foals to concentrate adipogenesis in the subcutaneous district could explain the lack of influence of nutritive level on meat quality parameters and its influence on carcass and cut composition, which tend to be richer in fat.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/asj.12203DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4140599PMC
July 2014

Carcass characteristics, meat quality and nutritional value of horsemeat: a review.

Meat Sci 2014 Apr 22;96(4):1478-88. Epub 2013 Dec 22.

Dipartimento di Scienze delle Produzioni Agrarie e Alimentari, sez. Produzioni Animali, Università di Catania, via Valdisavoia, 5, 95123 Catania, Italy.

Meat has exerted a crucial role in human evolution and is an important component of a healthy and well balanced diet due to its nutritional richness. The aim of the present review was to shed light on the nutritional composition of horsemeat and their benefits for human health. One of the reasons for such interest was the occurrence, in Europe several years ago, of dioxin, Bovine Encephalopathy and foot-and-mouth disease problems in farm animals. Therefore, consumers began to look for alternative red meats from other non-traditional species. There is no carcass classification system on horses designated to meat consumption. It would be advisable to standardize the equine meat market to reduce variations that may reflect differences in meat quality. The nutritional composition of horsemeat by comparison with pork, beef or poultry is characterized by low levels of fat and cholesterol (about 20% less), relatively high concentrations of n-3 fatty acids and heme iron indicating that its consumption may be beneficial for health. Therefore, horsemeat may supplement the meat market with good quality products, although as in other dietary components moderation is advisable.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.meatsci.2013.12.006DOI Listing
April 2014

Composition and textural properties of Mozzarella cheese naturally-enriched in polyunsaturated fatty acids.

J Dairy Res 2013 Aug 23;80(3):276-82. Epub 2013 Apr 23.

Department of the Sciences of Agriculture, Food and Environment SAFE, University of Foggia, Via Napoli, 25, 71122 Foggia, Italy.

The effects of adding flaxseed or fish oil to the diet of dairy cows on the chemical and physical profile of Mozzarella cheese production were studied. The experiment involved 24 Friesian cows, divided into 3 groups accordingly fat supplementation: basal diet (CT), diet supplemented with flaxseed (FS) or fish oil (FO). Mozzarella cheeses were manufactured from bulk milk of each group. Bulk milk was analysed for chemical composition and renneting parameters. Mozzarella cheeses were analysed for chemical composition, fatty acid profile, and textural properties. Results suggest that Mozzarella cheese from cows receiving flaxseed supplementation showed a decrease in saturated fatty acids (SFA), an increase in monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA), and in polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) compared with control Mozzarella cheese. The increased dietary intake of C18:3 in flaxseed supplemented cows resulted in increased levels of trans-11 C18:1, and of CLA cis-9 trans-11 C18:2, and in low Atherogenic and Trombogenic Indexes. FO Mozzarella cheese showed compositional and textural properties quite similar to CT Mozzarella cheese; however, increased levels of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids in FO Mozzarella were found.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S002202991300023XDOI Listing
August 2013

Effect of energy source during culture on in vitro embryo development, resistance to cryopreservation and sex ratio.

Theriogenology 2011 Oct 6;76(7):1347-55. Epub 2011 Aug 6.

DISCIZIA, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Federico II University, Napoli, Italy.

The aim of this work was to evaluate whether minimizing the glucose concentration during culture or replacing the hexose with other energy substrates and/or embryotrophic compounds would affect the in vitro development, the resistance to cryopreservation and the sex ratio of bovine embryos. In vitro matured and fertilized oocytes were randomly assigned to 4 groups for in vitro culture, that differed in the energy substrates included: group A) 1.5 mM glucose, as in standard SOF; group B) 0.15 mM glucose; group C) 0.125 mM G3P, in the presence of 0.15 mM glucose and group D) 0.34 mM citrate, in combination with 2.77 mM myo-inositol. Blastocysts were evaluated on day 7, then vitrified by cryotop in 16.5% DMSO, 16.5% EG and 0.5 M sucrose and warmed in decreasing concentration of sucrose (0.25 to 0.15 M sucrose). The survival rates were assessed after 24 h in vitro culture. Finally, the blastocysts produced were sexed by PCR. An increased blastocyst rate was recorded in groups B, C and D, i.e., when glucose concentration was reduced, compared to group A (28.2, 41.0, 35.7 and 35.8, respectively in groups A, B, C and D; P < 0.01). However, the embryos cultured in group D showed the slowest developmental speed, indicated by the lowest percentage of advanced stage-embryos (expanded and hatched blastocysts) out of the total blastocysts (56.1, 45.8, 56.9 and 31.8 %, respectively in groups A, B, C and D; P < 0.01). Furthermore, survival rates after 24 h culture of vitrified-warmed blastocysts also decreased in group D (73.3, 73.1, 71.4 and 58.4%, respectively in groups A, B, C and D; P < 0.01). Interestingly, in group D a higher percentage of female embryos was obtained compared to group A, with intermediate values in groups B and C (45.6, 53.4, 50.0 and 61.5%, respectively in groups A, B, C and D; P < 0.05). In conclusion, it was demonstrated that the energy substrate during in vitro culture affects both the production and the viability of blastocysts. Furthermore, manipulating the metabolic profile of embryos during in vitro culture may have an impact on sex ratio.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.theriogenology.2011.06.004DOI Listing
October 2011

Effects of tillage and nitrogen fertilisation on triticale grain yield, chemical composition and nutritive value.

J Sci Food Agric 2010 Nov;90(14):2440-6

Dipartimento di Sanità Pubblica e Zootecnia, Università degli Studi di Bari, Bari, Italy.

Background: Given the interest in the development of cultivation systems with low agronomic input and environmental impact, the aim of this study was to determine the influence of tillage system (conventional tillage (CT), two-layer tillage (TT), surface tillage (ST) and minimum tillage (MT)) and nitrogen (N) fertilisation rate (0, 50 and 100 kg ha(-1)) on triticale grain and protein yields, chemical composition and nutritive value.

Results: There were no significant differences among tillage treatments in grain and protein yields. ST resulted in significantly higher crude protein (CP) and true soluble protein (TSP) contents as well as in vitro crude protein digestibility (CPD). Neutral detergent fibre concentration was significantly higher with ST than with MT, and this led to a small reduction (2 g kg(-1) dry matter (DM)) in in vitro true DM digestibility (IVTDMD). N fertilisation significantly increased grain and protein yields as well as CP, non-protein nitrogen and TSP contents and CPD. IVTDMD was significantly lower with 0 kg N ha(-1) than with 50 and 100 kg N ha(-1).

Conclusion: Reducing tillage intensity improved the CP content and CPD of triticale grain. The application of 50 kg N ha(-1) resulted in good grain quality parameters and grain and protein yields.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.4104DOI Listing
November 2010
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