Publications by authors named "Alessandra Aparecida Campos"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Evaluation of the frequency of micronuclei in exfoliated cells from oral lesions previously identified by toluidine blue.

Acta Cytol 2011 22;55(4):344-9. Epub 2011 Jul 22.

Universidade de Franca, Franca, Brasil.

Objective: Patients using a removable prosthesis are susceptible to a variety of oral lesions that may progress to cancer. Toluidine blue (TB) staining is used to identify premalignant lesions, but the results are still controversial. Since micronuclei (MN) are a biomarker of genetic instability, the objective of this study was to determine the frequency of MN in white lesions of the oral mucosa and to compare the results with those of the TB test.

Study Design: The study included 20 removable prosthesis users with white lesions that were previously classified as toluidine positive or negative. The frequency of MN was evaluated in exfoliated cells from lesions and normal mucosa. Nuclear anomalies were also registered.

Results: A significant increase (p < 0.05) in the frequency of MN was observed in exfoliated cells from lesions compared to normal mucosal cells, and no relationship was seen with TB staining. Lifestyle factors or gender did not influence the results.

Conclusions: The frequency of MN is a sensitive biomarker and can be used to predict genomic instability in white oral lesions. The MN assay may serve as a good parameter in the battery of tests used to identify high-risk individuals, contributing to the identification of the biological conditions of oral lesions.
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September 2011

Bone quality associated with daily intake of coffee: a biochemical, radiographic and histometric study.

Braz Dent J 2010 ;21(3):199-204

Department of Morphology, Stomatology and Physiology, University of São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil.

Caffeine induces loss of calcium and influences the normal development of bone. This study investigated the effects of coffee on bone metabolism in rats by biochemical measurement of calcium, bone densitometry and histometry. Male rats, born of female treated daily with coffee and with coffee intake since born, were anesthetized, subjected to extraction of the upper right incisor, and sacrificed 7, 21 and 42 days after surgery. Blood and urine samples were taken, and their maxilla radiographed and processed to obtain 5-µm-thick semi-serial sections stained with hematoxylin and eosin. The volume and bone quality were estimated using an image-analysis software. The results showed significantly greater amount of calcium in the plasma (9.40 ± 1.73 versus 9.80 ± 2.05 mg%) and urine (1.00 ± 0.50 versus 1.25 ± 0.70 mg/24 h) and significantly less amount in bone (90.0 ± 1.94 versus 86.0 ± 2.12 mg/mg bone), reduced bone mineral density (1.05 ± 0.11 versus 0.65 ± 0.15 mmAL), and lower amount of bone (76.19 ± 1.6 versus 53.41 ± 2.1 %) (ANOVA; p≤0.01) in animals treated with coffee sacrificed after 42 days. It may be concluded that coffee/caffeine intake caused serious adverse effects on calcium metabolism in rats, including increased levels of calcium in the urine and plasma, decreased bone mineral density and lower volume of bone, thus delaying the bone repair process.
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June 2011

Osteogenic potential of autogenous bone associated with bone marrow osteoblastic cells in bony defects: a histomorphometric study.

Implant Dent 2009 Dec;18(6):521-9

Department of Morphology, Stomatology and Physiology, Dentistry School, University of São Paulo-USP, 14040-904, Ribeirão Preto, São Paulo, Brazil.

Purpose: Because of limitations of autogenous grafts, allografts, xenografts, alloplasts, and hydroxyapatite as graft materials, researchers have been using bone tissue engineering as a strategy for bone regeneration. The aim of this work was to study the effect of bone tissue engineering, associating bone marrow osteoblastic cells, and autogenous bone in defects created by dental extraction in rats.

Materials And Methods: Eighty male rats from 250 to 300 g were anesthetized, submitted to the extraction of the superior incisor, and divided in control group (C), implanted with osteoblastic cells (OC), autogenous bone (AB), and osteoblastic cells + autogenous bone (OC + AB). The animals were killed on 10th and 20th days after surgery and their maxilla were processed for obtaining fine semiserial sections (5 mum), and then stained with hematoxylin-eosin. Through image analysis system, bone volume in areas adjacent to the implants was estimated.

Results: The histometric results revealed that the association OC + AB produced significant increase (10%-15%) of bone in both experimental periods when compared with the control group (P < or = 0.01).

Conclusions: Osteoblastic cells associated with autogenous bone accelerated the repair of bone defect, and the action of the osteoblastic cells was more effective until the 10th day and of the autogenous bone after this period.
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December 2009