Publications by authors named "Aleksandra Vujcic"

5 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Open Surgical Treatment of Acute Spontaneous Isolated Abdominal Aortic Dissection.

Ann Vasc Surg 2021 Apr 6. Epub 2021 Apr 6.

Clinic for Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Clinical Center of Serbia, Belgrade; Faculty of Medicine, University of Belgrade, Serbia.

Background: The aim of this paper is to report our single-center experience in the open surgical treatment of acute spontaneous infrarenal isolated abdominal aortic dissection (siIAAD).

Methods: This was a single center retrospective study. Between January 2015 and 2020 ten patients were treated due to acute siIAAD with open surgery. There were no patients treated for chronic siIAAD in this time period. Patients who had concomitant thoracic aortic involvement were excluded from this report.

Results: The group consisted of 7 male and 3 female patients. History of hypertension was present in nine patients and six were active smokers. The abdominal/back pain was described in 9 patients, two had acute limb ischemia and three had aortic rupture. Median dissection length was 91 mm (65.7 - 106), median distance from the lowest renal artery was 30 mm (20.7 - 49.3) and median abdominal aortic diameter was 58.5 mm (32.5 - 66.2). Supracoeliac clamp was used in three cases with a ruptured aorta and suprarenal in two patients. The mean duration of proximal clamping time was 24.3 ± 7.49 min. One patient died of postoperative acute myocardial infarction, one suffered nonfatal pulmonary embolism and one had deep venous thrombosis. No aortic-related deaths and/or reinterventions occurred during the median follow-up of 32 months.

Conclusions: Acute siIAAD is a rare event which affects mostly male smokers with hypertension. Open surgery is a technically demanding procedure with acceptable complication rates and should be performed in specialized high-volume centers for the treatment of aortic disease. Future efforts to establish a multicenter registry to evaluate the prevalence of the disease and treatment options could provide better and more comprehensive guidelines for the treatment of acute siIAAAD.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.avsg.2021.02.035DOI Listing
April 2021

Impact of Bypass Flow Assessment on Long-Term Outcomes in Patients with Chronic Limb-Threatening Ischemia.

World J Surg 2021 Jul 17;45(7):2280-2289. Epub 2021 Mar 17.

Clinic for Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Clinical Center of Serbia, Dr Koste Todorovica 8, 11000, Belgrade, Serbia.

Background: Transit time flow meter (TTFM) allows quick and accurate intraoperative graft assessment. The main study goal is to evaluate the influence of graft flow measurements on long-term clinical outcomes in patients with chronic limb-threatening ischemia (CLTI) undergoing bellow the knee (BTK) vein bypass surgery.

Methods: Between January 1st, 1999 and January 1st, 2006, 976 CLTI consecutive patients underwent lower extremity bypass surgery. When applying the exclusion criteria, 249 patients were included in the final analysis. Control measurements were performed at the end of the procedure. Patients were divided according to the mean (more/less than 100 ml/min) and diastolic graft flow (more/less than 40 ml/min) values in four groups. The primary endpoints were a major adverse limb event (male) and primary graft patency.

Results: After the median follow-up of 68 months, a group with the mean graft flow below 100 ml/min and the diastolic graft flow below 40 ml/min had the highest rates of male (χ = 36.60, DF = 1, P < 0.01, log-rank test) and the worst primary graft patency (χ = 53.05, DF = 1, P < 0.01, log-rank test).

Conclusion: In patients with CLTI undergoing BTK vein bypass surgery, TTFM parameters, especially combined impact of mean graft flow less than 100 ml/min and diastolic graft flow less than 40 ml/min, were associated with an increased risk of poor long-term male and primary graft patency.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00268-021-06046-yDOI Listing
July 2021

A deep learning oriented method for automated 3D reconstruction of carotid arterial trees from MR imaging.

Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc 2020 07;2020:2408-2411

The scope of this paper is to present a new carotid vessel segmentation algorithm implementing the U-net based convolutional neural network architecture. With carotid atherosclerosis being the major cause of stroke in Europe, new methods that can provide more accurate image segmentation of the carotid arterial tree and plaque tissue can help improve early diagnosis, prevention and treatment of carotid disease. Herein, we present a novel methodology combining the U-net model and morphological active contours in an iterative framework that accurately segments the carotid lumen and outer wall. The method automatically produces a 3D meshed model of the carotid bifurcation and smaller branches, using multispectral MR image series obtained from two clinical centres of the TAXINOMISIS study. As indicated by a validation study, the algorithm succeeds high accuracy (99.1% for lumen area and 92.6% for the perimeter) for lumen segmentation. The proposed algorithm will be used in the TAXINOMISIS study to obtain more accurate 3D vessel models for improved computational fluid dynamics simulations and the development of models of atherosclerotic plaque progression.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/EMBC44109.2020.9176532DOI Listing
July 2020

Primary Aorto-Appendicular Fistula Accompanied by Infected Penetrating Aortic Ulcer - Case Report.

Ann Vasc Surg 2020 May 31;65:283.e1-283.e5. Epub 2019 Oct 31.

Clinic for vascular and endovascular surgery, Clinical Center of Serbia, Belgrade, Serbia; Faculty of Medicine, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia.

Primary aorto-appendicular fistulas are extremely rare in clinical practice, and there are only 3 such cases reported in the available literature. The aim of this study is to present the case of a 68-year-old female patient with primary aorto-appendicular fistula accompanied by infected penetrating aortic ulcer (PAU). At the time of her hospital admission, the patient did not demonstrate any typical symptoms. Multidetector computed tomography imaging of aorta was performed during an additional preoperative examination and the PAU of the infrarenal aortic segment was detected. Other pathological changes were not found. The intraoperative findings confirmed the presence of the PAU firmly attached to the appendix and surrounding signs of inflammation. Appendectomy and partial resection of the PAU were performed, along with aortic reconstruction, using a Dacron tube graft and right renal artery reattachment. During the postoperative period, there were no complications, and the patient was discharged on the 10th postoperative day. Control medical examination and color duplex ultrasonography were performed 18 months after the surgery and they provided satisfactory results.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.avsg.2019.10.071DOI Listing
May 2020

Is late open conversion after TEVAR more risky than primary open repair of descending thoracic aneurysms?

J Cardiovasc Surg (Torino) 2019 Feb 26;60(1):147-148. Epub 2018 Jun 26.

Clinic for Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Clinical Center of Serbia, Belgrade, Serbia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.23736/S0021-9509.18.10626-4DOI Listing
February 2019