Publications by authors named "Albrecht Lorenz"

4 Publications

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Efficacy and Safety of Endoscopic Full-Thickness Resection in the Colorectum: Results From the German Colonic FTRD Registry.

Am J Gastroenterol 2020 12;115(12):1998-2006

Department of Medicine II, Medical Center, University of Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany.

Introduction: Endoscopic full-thickness resection (EFTR) is a powerful option for resection of colorectal lesions not amenable to conventional endoscopic resection. The full-thickness resection device (FTRD) allows clip-assisted EFTR with a single-step technique. We report on results of a large nationwide FTRD registry.

Methods: The "German colonic FTRD registry" was created to further assess efficacy and safety of the FTRD System after approval in Europe. Data were analyzed retrospectively.

Results: Sixty-five centers contributed 1,178 colorectal FTRD procedures. Indications for EFTR were difficult adenomas (67.1%), early carcinomas (18.4%), subepithelial tumors (6.8%), and diagnostic EFTR (1.3%). Mean lesion size was 15 × 15 mm and most lesions were pretreated endoscopically (54.1%). Technical success was 88.2% and R0 resection was achieved in 80.0%. R0 resection was significantly higher for subepithelial tumor compared with that for other lesions. No difference in R0 resection was found for smaller vs larger lesions or for colonic vs rectal procedures. Adverse events occurred in 12.1% (3.1% major events and 2.0% required surgical treatment). Endoscopic follow-up was available in 58.0% and showed residual/recurrent lesions in 13.5%, which could be managed endoscopically in most cases (77.2%).

Discussion: To date, this is the largest study of colorectal EFTR using the FTRD System. The study demonstrated favorable efficacy and safety for "difficult-to-resect" colorectal lesions and confirms results of previous studies in a large "real-world" setting. Further studies are needed to compare EFTR with other advanced resection techniques and evaluate long-term outcome.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.14309/ajg.0000000000000795DOI Listing
December 2020

Diagnostic and therapeutic single-operator cholangiopancreatoscopy with SpyGlassDS™: results of a multicenter retrospective cohort study.

Surg Endosc 2018 09 12;32(9):3981-3988. Epub 2018 Mar 12.

Medizinische Klinik mit Schwerpunkt Gastroenterologie, Infektiologie und Rheumatologie, Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Campus Benjamin Franklin, Hindenburgdamm 30, 12203, Berlin, Germany.

Background And Aims: The aim of the study was to evaluate the usefulness and diagnostic and therapeutic outcome of the single-operator cholangiopancreatoscopy (SOC) with SpyGlassDS™.

Methods: In a retrospective multicenter study between November 2015 and January 2017, SpyGlassDS™ procedures were analyzed in participating centers. Indications, accuracy of SOC-guided biopsies, management of large bile duct stones, and complications were analyzed. Follow-up was 4 months.

Results: Two hundred and six patients out of 250 examinations were evaluated. Indications were biliary stones (n = 132), bile duct stenosis (n = 93), stones and stenosis combined (n = 24), and bile duct leakage (n = 1). Of the 117 cases which were suspicious of malignancy, in 99 cases the lesion could be stratified into benign (n = 55) or malignant (n = 44) indicating a sensitivity of 95.5% and a specificity of 94.5% for the indication tumor. SOC-guided biopsies revealed a sensitivity of 57.7% with a specificity of 100%. In 107 examinations, biliary stones were visualized and could be completely removed in 91.1% with a need of three procedures (range 1-6) to achieve final stone clearance. In 75 cases, lithotripsy was performed and was successful in 71 cases (95%). Four out of 45 patients (8.9%) underwent cholecystectomy with surgical bile duct revision as a final therapy. Adverse Event (AE) occurred in 33/250 patients (13.2%) and Serious Adverse Event (SAE) occurred in 1/250 patients (0.4%). Cholangitis was 1% (n = 102) after peri-interventional administration of antibiotics and 12.8% (n = 148) without antibiotic prophylaxis (p < 0.001).

Conclusions: SOC with SpyGlassDS™ became a new standard for the diagnosis of indefinite biliary lesions and therapy of large bile duct stones. The diagnostic yield of SOC-guided biopsies facilitated a definite diagnosis in most cases and should be improved by standardized biopsy protocols. SOC-guided interventions allowed removal of large biliary stones by SOC-guided lithotripsy. The complication rate of 13.2% can be considerably reduced by use of a single-shot antibiotic treatment.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00464-018-6141-0DOI Listing
September 2018

Acute sedation-associated complications in GI endoscopy (ProSed 2 Study): results from the prospective multicentre electronic registry of sedation-associated complications.

Gut 2019 03 3;68(3):445-452. Epub 2018 Jan 3.

Gastroenterologie, Kreiskrankenhaus Dormagen, Dormagen, Germany.

Objectives: Sedation has been established for GI endoscopic procedures in most countries, but it is also associated with an added risk of complications. Reported complication rates are variable due to different study methodologies and often limited sample size.

Designs: Acute sedation-associated complications were prospectively recorded in an electronic endoscopy documentation in 39 study centres between December 2011 and August 2014 (median inclusion period 24 months). The sedation regimen was decided by each study centre.

Results: A total of 368 206 endoscopies was recorded; 11% without sedation. Propofol was the dominant drug used (62% only, 22.5% in combination with midazolam). Of the sedated patients, 38 (0.01%) suffered a major complication, and overall mortality was 0.005% (n=15); minor complications occurred in 0.3%. Multivariate analysis showed the following independent risk factors for all complications: American Society of Anesthesiologists class >2 (OR 2.29) and type and duration of endoscopy. Of the sedation regimens, propofol monosedation had the lowest rate (OR 0.75) compared with midazolam (reference) and combinations (OR 1.0-1.5). Compared with primary care hospitals, tertiary referral centres had higher complication rates (OR 1.61). Notably, compared with sedation by a two-person endoscopy team (endoscopist/assistant; 53.5% of all procedures), adding another person for sedation (nurse, physician) was associated with higher complication rates (ORs 1.40-4.46), probably due to higher complexity of procedures not evident in the multivariate analysis.

Conclusions: This large multicentre registry study confirmed that severe acute sedation-related complications are rare during GI endoscopy with a very low mortality. The data are useful for planning risk factor-adapted sedation management to further prevent sedation-associated complications in selected patients.

Trial Registration Number: DRKS00007768; Pre-results.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/gutjnl-2015-311037DOI Listing
March 2019