Publications by authors named "Alberto Benigni"

5 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Continuous erector spinae plane block: Effective analgesia and rehabilitation after elbow surgery for traumatic injury.

J Clin Anesth 2021 Aug 8;71:110222. Epub 2021 Mar 8.

Emergency and Intensive Care Department, ASST Papa Giovanni XXIII°, Bergamo, Italy.

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August 2021

Improving standard of pediatric surgical care in a low resource setting: the key role of academic partnership.

Ital J Pediatr 2020 Jun 9;46(1):80. Epub 2020 Jun 9.

Chirurgia Pediatrica, A.O. "San Camillo Forlanini", Rome, Italy.

Background: An epidemiological transition is interesting Sub-Saharan Africa increasing the burden of non-communicable diseases most of which are of surgical interest. Local resources are far from meeting needs and, considering that 50% of the population is less than 14 years of age, Pediatric surgical coverage is specially affected. Efforts are made to improve standards of care and to increase the number of Pediatric surgeons through short-term specialist surgical Missions, facilities supported by humanitarian organization, academic Partnership, training abroad of local surgeons. This study is a half term report about three-years Partnership between the University of Chieti- Pescara, Italy and the University of Gezira, Sudan to upgrade standard of care at the Gezira National Centre for Pediatric Surgery (GNCPS) of Wad Medani. Four surgical Teams per year visited GNCPS. The Program was financed by the Italian Agency for Development Cooperation.

Methods: The state of local infrastructure, current standard of care, analysis of caseload, surgical activity and results are reported. Methods utilized to assess local needs and to develop Partnership activities are described.

Results: Main surgical task of the visiting Team were advancements in Colorectal procedures, Epispadias/Exstrophy Complex management and Hypospadias surgery (20% of major surgical procedures at the GNCPS). Intensive care facilities and staff to assist more complex cases (i.e. neonates) are still defective. Proctoring, training on the job of junior surgeons, anaesthetists and nurses, collaboration in educational programs, advisorship in hospital management, clinical governance, maintenance of infrastructure together with training opportunities in Italy were included by the Program. Despite on-going efforts, actions have not yet been followed by the expected results. More investments are needed on Healthcare infrastructures to increase health workers motivation and prevent brain drain.

Conclusions: The key role that an Academic Partnership can play, acting through expatriated Teams working in the same constrained contest with the local workforce, must be emphasized. Besides clinical objectives, these types of Global Health Initiatives address improvement in management and clinical governance. The main obstacles to upgrade standard of care and level of surgery met by the Visiting Team are scarce investments on health infrastructure and a weak staff retention policy, reflecting in poor motivation and low performance.
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June 2020

Time course of cytokines, hemodynamic and metabolic parameters during hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy.

Minerva Anestesiol 2016 Mar 16;82(3):310-9. Epub 2015 Jul 16.

Department of General Surgery, "Papa Giovanni XXIII" Hospital, Bergamo, Italy -

Background: Systemic response to cytoreductive surgery (CRS) and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) causes the activation of endocrine, metabolic, hemodynamic and inflammatory processes. The aim of this work is to describe and analyze the time course of the inflammatory markers concentration during CRS+HIPEC in plasma and peritoneal fluids and the association with hemodynamic and metabolic parameters.

Methods: Pre-, intra- and postoperative data were collected. Tumor necrosis factor (TNF), interleukine 6 (IL-6), pro-calcitonin (PCT), cancer antigen 125 (CA-125) in blood and in peritoneal fluids were evaluated.

Results: Thirty-eight patients were included, 29 (76.3%) of them were female. Mean/median PCI was 9.2/5, primary malignancy was 5 colorectal cancer (13.2%), 5 gastric cancer (13.2%), 23 ovarian cancer (60.5%) and 5 other malignancies (13.2%). Combined clinical risk 0-1 was reached in all patients. Cardiac index, heart rate and central venous pressure increased during the procedure, while stroke volume variation showed a decrease. Mean arterial pressure and superior vena cava oxygenation were stable throughout the whole procedure. TNF and CA-125 were steady during the whole procedure; IL-6 had a relevant increase from baseline to start of perfusion (P<0.01); PCT had a steady increase at every time point. Peritoneal sampling showed a statistically significant increase (P<0.01) between start and end of the perfusion phase for all markers but TNF. Serum and peritoneal marker concentration were similar for TNF, PCT and CA-125. IL-6 showed a sharp difference.

Conclusions: The most significant variations were in IL-6 and PCT levels. The cytokines level parallels the hemodynamic derangements. Treatment during HIPEC should mimic the established treatment during sepsis and septic shock.
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March 2016

Video-assisted thoracoscopic extended thymectomy in myasthenic children.

Pediatr Rep 2013 Feb 7;5(1):e4. Epub 2013 Mar 7.

Department of Anesthesia and Intensive Care I, A.O. Ospedali Riuniti di Bergamo;

Myasthenia gravis (MG) is an autoimmune disease marked by weakness of voluntary musculature. Medical and surgical therapy of adult myasthenia is well documented. There is little pediatric surgical evidence, only a few case reports being available. The aim of this paper is to verify whether the surgical and anesthesiological techniques can warrant an early and safe discharge from the operating room. The secondary aim is to assess the presence of perioperative indicators that can eventually be used as predictors of postoperative care. During the years 2006-2009, 10 pediatric patients were treated according to a surgical approach based on video assisted thoracoscopic extended thymectomy (VATET). Standard preoperative evaluation is integrated with functional respiratory tests. Anesthetic induction was made with propofol and fentanyl/remifentanyl and maintenance was obtained with sevoflurane/desflurane/propofol ± remifentanyl. A muscle relaxant was used in only one patient. Right or left double-lumen bronchial tube (Rüsch Bronchopart® Carlens) placement was performed. Six patients were transferred directly to the surgical ward while 4 were discharged to the intensive care unit (ICU); ICU stay was no longer than 24 h. Length of hospital stay was 4.4±0.51 days. No patient was readmitted to the hospital and no surgical complications were reported. Volatile and intravenous anesthetics do not affect ventilator weaning, extubation or the postoperative course. Paralyzing agents are not totally contraindicated, especially if short-lasting agents are used with neuromuscular monitoring devices and new reversal drugs. Perioperative evaluation of the myasthenic patient is mandatory to assess the need for postoperative respiratory support and also predict timely extubation with early transfer to the surgical department. Availability of new drugs and of reversal drugs, the current practice of mini-invasive surgical techniques, and the availability of post anesthesia care units are the keys to the safety and successful prognosis of patients affected by MG who undergo thymectomy.
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February 2013

Emergence delirium in children: a comparison of sevoflurane and desflurane anesthesia using the Paediatric Anesthesia Emergence Delirium scale.

Paediatr Anaesth 2013 Apr 9;23(4):301-8. Epub 2012 Oct 9.

1st Service of Anesthesia and Intensive Care, Ospedali Riuniti di Bergamo, Bergamo, Italy.

Objectives/aim: This randomized control trial was designed to evaluate the incidence of emergence delirium (ED) in preschool children receiving sevoflurane or desflurane anesthesia combined with an effective caudal block.

Background: While ED has been described in children receiving sevoflurane or desflurane anesthesia, a direct comparison between the two agents using a validated ED assessment tool has not been reported previously.

Methods/materials: Two hundred and sixty preschool children scheduled for elective sub-umbilical surgery were randomized to receive sevoflurane or desflurane anesthesia combined with a caudal block. ED was defined as a Paediatric Anesthesia Emergence Delirium scale (PAED) ≥ 10 points. A delirium-specific score (ED I) was calculated from the first three items of the PAED score (eye contact, purposeful actions, awareness of the surroundings) and a nonspecific score (ED II) from the last two items on the PAED score (restlessness and inconsolability) to test the hypothesis that some items of the PAED scale may better reflect clinical ED than others.

Results: Thirty-one (25%) children in each group demonstrated ED after awakening with ED being of shorter duration in the desflurane group than the sevoflurane group. An ED I score of nine points had a sensitivity of 0.93 and a specificity of 0.94 for ED. An ED II score of five points had a sensitivity of 0.34 and specificity of 0.95 for ED.

Conclusion: Sevoflurane and desflurane anesthesia were associated with similar incidences of ED in children undergoing sub-umbilical surgery and receiving effective regional anesthesia. High scores on the first three items of the PAED scale were highly correlated with ED. The items restlessness and inconsolability had lower sensitivity for the diagnosis of ED.
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April 2013