Publications by authors named "Alain J J Dessein"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Human leukocyte antigen-G 3' untranslated region polymorphism +3142G/C (rs1063320) and haplotypes are associated with manifestations of the American Tegumentary Leishmaniasis in a Northeastern Brazilian population.

Hum Immunol 2019 Nov 13;80(11):908-916. Epub 2019 Aug 13.

Immunogenetic Laboratory, Immunology Department, Aggeu Magalhães Institute, Oswaldo Cruz Foundation, Av. Moraes rego, s/n, Campus da UFPE, Cidade Universitária, Recife, PE CEP:50670-465, Brazil. Electronic address:

While the role of cytokine genes has been well documented in the context of Leishmania (Viannia) braziliensis infection, no studies have addressed the influence of human leukocyte antigen-G (HLA-G) in susceptibility/resistance to American Tegumentary Leishmaniasis (ATL). Here, we evaluated the influences of HLA-G, IL-10, TNF-A and IFN-G in the susceptibility and clinical manifestations of ATL. DNA of 114 ATL patients and 346 healthy individuals were sequenced for well-documented polymorphisms in HLA-G 3' untranslated region (UTR), in IL-10 and TNF-A promoters and in IFN-G intron 1. Soluble HLA-G (sHLA-G) and cytokine levels were evaluated by ELISA and flow cytometry, respectively. Analyses were performed using GraphPad and R-package software. Individuals bearing HLA-G +3142G/G showed an association with increased risk for ATL, whereas those carrying the HLA-G +3142C/G and one copy of UTR6 haplotype, showed an association with decreased risk for ATL. sHLA-G was overexpressed in "susceptible" patients compared to the "resistant'' one, and also in patients bearing +3142G/G genotype. From these results, HLA-G +3142G/G may be considered as genotype of susceptibility and UTR6 as marker of protection to ATL. Our findings showed a participation of HLA-G in the pathogenesis of the ATL.
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November 2019

American tegumentary leishmaniasis: mRNA expression for Th1 and Treg mediators are predominant in patients with recent active disease.

Immunobiology 2016 Feb 14;221(2):253-9. Epub 2015 Aug 14.

Laboratory of Immunogenetics, Immunology Department, Aggeu Magalhães Research Center, Oswaldo Cruz Foundation (CPqAM/FIOCRUZ), Brazil. Electronic address:

Besides the Th1×Th2 paradigm, Treg and Th17 cytokines may play a role in the response to American tegumentary leishmaniasis. Considering the sensitivity and accuracy of qPCR and the lack of studies using this approach, we evaluated mRNA expression for IFN-γ, TNF-α, IL-4, IL-10, IL-6, IL-17A, IL-22, TGF-β, Foxp3 and RORC in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from patients with active disease, after stimulation with L. (V.) braziliensis soluble or insoluble fractions. Our results show that the antigens promoted specific mRNA expression related to the immune response in patients with ATL, and the insoluble fraction seems to stimulate the immune response in a higher intensity. The pro-inflammatory response was also fueled by IFN-γ and TNF-α, probably due to the active disease. IL-4, in certain way, seems to regulate this response along with IL-10 that may be produced by Treg cells, which are supposedly present in the patients' samples due the evidenced expression of Foxp3, in the presence of AgIns. In contrast, down-regulated RORC suggests that the significant levels of IL-6 expressed in response to AgSol were not able to induce an expressive Th17 profile along with TGF-β, which might have predominantly contributed to the development of a regulatory profile in the active disease.
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February 2016