Publications by authors named "Alaa M Roushdy"

4 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Determinants of platelet count in pediatric patients with congenital cyanotic heart disease: Role of immature platelet fraction.

Congenit Heart Dis 2018 Jan 7;13(1):118-123. Epub 2017 Sep 7.

Clinical Pathology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt.

Objectives: Congenital heart defects are common noninfectious causes of mortality in children. Bleeding and thrombosis are both limiting factors in the management of such patients. We assessed the frequency of thrombocytopenia in pediatric patients with congenital cyanotic heart disease (CCHD) and evaluated determinants of platelet count including immature platelet fraction (IPF) and their role in the pathogenesis of thrombocytopenia.

Methods: Forty-six children and adolescents with CCHD during pre-catheter visits were studied; median age was 20.5 months. Complete blood count including IPF as a marker of platelet production and reticulated hemoglobin content (RET-He) as a marker of red cell production and iron status were done on Sysmex XE 2100 (Sysmex, Japan). C-reactive protein, prothrombin time (PT), Activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) were also assessed.

Results: Thrombocytopenia was found in 6 patients (13%). PT was prolonged (P = .016) and IPF was significantly higher in patients with thrombocytopenia compared with patients with normal platelet count (14.15 ± 5.2% vs 6.68 ± 3.39%; P = .003). Platelet count was negatively correlated with IPF while significant positive correlations were found between IPF and hemoglobin, red blood cells (RBCs) count, hematocrit (Hct), PT, reticulocytes count, and immature reticulocyte fraction.

Conclusions: We suggest that elevated IPF in CCHD patients with thrombocytopenia may denote peripheral platelets destruction as an underlying mechanism. Hemoglobin level, RBCs count, Hct, and RET-He were not significant determinants for platelet count in CCHD.
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January 2018

Mitral Annular Plane Systolic Excursion-Derived Ejection Fraction: A Simple and Valid Tool in Adult Males With Left Ventricular Systolic Dysfunction.

Echocardiography 2016 Feb 14;33(2):179-84. Epub 2015 Jul 14.

Cardiology Department, Ain Shams University Hospital, Cairo, Egypt.

Objectives: Validation of a mitral annular plane systolic excursion (MAPSE)-derived formula to calculate the ejection fraction where EF = 4.8 × MAPSE (mm) + 5.8 in adult males with left ventricular (LV) dysfunction.

Background: Echocardiographic assessment of LV function generally requires expert echocardiographer and is somewhat subjective and prone to reader discordance. MAPSE has been suggested as a surrogate measurement for LV function.

Methods: Prospective analysis of 170 male patients with systolic dysfunction by two-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography was carried out. MAPSE and ejection fraction measured by qualitative visual inspection, M-mode, and biplane modified Simpson's rule were measured. MAPSE-derived EF was compared against other conventional methods to measure EF using Bland-Altman analysis and independent t-test.

Results: There was a significant positive correlation between average MAPSE and EF measured by M-mode (r = 0.554, P < 0.001), Simpson's rule (r = 0.585, P < 0.001), and visual inspection (r = 0.611, P < 0.001). An average MAPSE cutoff value <= 5 provided the best balanced sensitivity (67.1%) and specificity (76.5%) to predict EF < 30%. The mean difference between MAPSE-derived EF and EF measured by visual inspection and by Simpson's method was 3.86 ± 5.24% and 3.57 ± 5.97%, respectively. The least mean difference of 0.5 ± 5.69% was present between MAPSE-derived EF and M-mode-measured EF (P value 0.2).

Conclusion: MAPSE-derived EF using the equation EF = 4.8 × MAPSE (mm) + 5.8 is a valid technique in adult males with severely impaired LV EF.
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February 2016

Immediate and short-term effect of balloon mitral valvuloplasty on global and regional biventricular function: a two-dimensional strain echocardiographic study.

Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging 2016 Mar 25;17(3):316-25. Epub 2015 Jun 25.

Department of Cardiology, Ain Shams University Hospital, Cairo, Egypt.

Aim: To assess the effect of balloon mitral valvuloplasty (BMV) on global and regional ventricular functions using 2D strain.

Methods And Results: Thirty-two patients with mitral stenosis (MS) and 30 healthy subjects underwent full echocardiographic examinations, including left ventricle (LV) and right ventricle (RV) regional and global longitudinal strain (GLS) measurements. In MS patients, measurements were repeated within 24 h and 3 months after BMV. Patients with MS had lower LV and RV GLS compared with control group (-16.5 ± 2.7% vs. -21.0 ± 1.5) and (-18.3 ± 4.7 vs. -19.8 ± 1.3), respectively. Significant decrease was noted in the basal and septal segments compared with the apical LV segments and RV free wall. BMV resulted in significant improvement in LV and RV GLS within 24 h post-BMV compared with baseline values (P = 0.0001 and 0.0002, respectively), an improvement which was maintained after 3 months. There was significant positive correlation between both LV and RV GLS at baseline and mitral valve mean pressure gradient and RV systolic pressure and significant inverse correlation between LV GLS and MVA.

Conclusion: MS patients have subclinical LV and RV systolic dysfunction by GLS despite normal ejection fraction and fractional area change. BMV results in marked improvement in LV and RV GLS immediately post-BMV with trend towards normalization at follow-up after 3 months. A mixed aetiology theory involving a myocardial as well as a haemodynamic factor is believed to be the cause for this subclinical biventricular dysfunction and its improvement at short-term follow-up post-BMV.
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March 2016

Factors affecting vascular access complications in children undergoing congenital cardiac catheterization.

Cardiol Young 2012 Apr 25;22(2):136-44. Epub 2011 Jul 25.

Cardiology Department, Ain Shams University Hospital, Cairo, Egypt.

Background: Complications at the vascular access sites are among the most common adverse events in congenital cardiac catheterization. The use of small-gauge catheters may reduce these events; however, other factors can contribute to the development of vascular complications.

Objectives: To determine factors associated with the development of vascular access complications in children undergoing congenital cardiac catheterization.

Methods: We performed a prospective study of 403 patients who underwent diagnostic (62.5%) or interventional (37.5%) cardiac catheterization over a period of 6 months, and analysed the vascular complications during and immediately after the procedure.

Results: The most common access-related adverse event was transient loss of pulsation (17.6%). Other less common access-related adverse events included subcutaneous haematoma (2%), bleeding (3%), vessel tear (0.2%), and vein thrombosis (0.2%). Patients who had no access-related adverse events had significantly higher age and body weight compared with those who had one or more access problems. Among 81 patients who had vascular access established in unplanned access sites, 30 patients (37%) had lost pulsations. Among the 322 patients who had vascular access established in planned access sites, however, only 41 patients had lost pulsation (13%). In addition, patients who had lost pulsations had significantly longer puncture time compared to those who had normal pulsations (p value 0.01).

Conclusion: Factors other than sheath size can contribute to access-related adverse events in children undergoing cardiac catheterization. Obtaining vascular access in unplanned access sites and longer puncture times increases the incidence of lost pulsations after catheterization. Younger age and smaller body weight are also associated with significant increase in access-related adverse events.
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April 2012