Publications by authors named "Akshay Chauhan"

5 Publications

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Generic and vision related quality of life associated with different types of cataract surgeries and different types of intraocular lens implantation.

PLoS One 2020 2;15(10):e0240036. Epub 2020 Oct 2.

Health Technology Assessment in India, Department of Health Research, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, New Delhi, India.

Objectives: To assess the effects of different types of cataract surgeries and intraocular lenses on generic as well as vision related quality of life of cataract patients, using EQ-5D and IND-VFQ 33 instruments respectively.

Methods: An observational, longitudinal study of patients undergoing cataract surgery was carried out at three ophthalmology centres. Patients were prospectively admitted for surgery for age-related cataract. Generic quality of life was assessed by using Euroqol's EQ5D-5L questionnaire and vision related quality of life was assessed by the IND-VFQ-33 questionnaire. Data pertaining to vision function and quality of life were collected pre surgery and 4 weeks after the surgery.

Results: Out of total patients (n = 814) recruited for the study, 517 patients were interviewed for both pre-surgery and post-surgery for EQ5D and 519 patients were interviewed for both pre-surgery and post-surgery for IND VFQ 33 tool. The combined data from all three centres showed that Quality Adjusted Life Year (QALY) gains observed in patients undergoing phacoemulsification with foldable lens implantation (2.25 QALY) were significantly higher (0.57 QALY) as compared to Small Incision Cataract Surgery (SICS) with PMMA lens implantation (1.68 QALY). Highest improvement however, in all three subscales of IND-VFQ-33 tool were clearly observed for SICS with PMMA lens implantation.

Conclusions: The study has elicited the Health related and vision related Quality of Life scores for cataract surgeries and subsequent lens implantation. This study also offers Health State Utility Values along with visual outcomes for different surgical procedures, lenses and for the combination of surgery with lens implantation for cataract procedures providing a useful resource for future economic evaluation studies.
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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0240036PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7531837PMC
November 2020

Infection control measures for homes of coronavirus disease 2019 heroes.

J Educ Health Promot 2020 28;9:132. Epub 2020 May 28.

ICMR Advanced Centre for Evidence-Based Child Health, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/jehp.jehp_282_20DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7325761PMC
May 2020

Effects of cataract surgery and intra-ocular lens implantation on visual function and quality of life in age-related cataract patients: a systematic review protocol.

Syst Rev 2019 08 13;8(1):204. Epub 2019 Aug 13.

Health Technology Assessment in India, Department of Health Research, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Indian Red Cross Society Building, 1, Red Cross Road, New Delhi, 110001, India.

Background: Cataract is the leading cause of blindness and low vision worldwide. Presently, cataract surgery is the only treatment for cataract and is very effective in restoring sight. In cataract surgery, the natural lens of the eye that becomes clouded is removed and replaced with an artificial intraocular lens. There are multiple techniques for removal of lens as well as many types of intraocular lenses available for implantation. For this reason, it becomes imperative to monitor the impact of different surgical techniques and different intraocular lenses on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of the patients. This systematic review aims to evaluate HRQoL evidences on effects of different types of cataract surgeries and intraocular lenses on visual function and quality of life in age-related cataract patients.

Method: Databases like Cochrane, EMBASE, SCOPUS, NHS Economic Evaluation Database (NHS EED), Health Technology Assessment (HTA) database, MEDLINE, ClinicalTrials.gov , Current Controlled Trials and World Health Organization International Clinical Trials Registry Platform (WHO ICTRP) will be searched systematically. Two reviewers will independently screen studies using predefined inclusion and exclusion criteria along with the extraction of data, and assessment of methodological quality using a standard checklist.

Discussion: This systematic review will help in understanding how different types of cataract surgeries and intraocular lenses make a difference on quality of life of age-related cataract patients in terms of visual function and health-related quality of life. As the review attempts to bring together all the cataract-related HRQoL evidences pertaining to different cataract surgical techniques, different intraocular lenses and cataract-related complications, it will also identify gaps in evidence.

Systematic Review Registration: PROSPERO CRD42018092377.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13643-019-1113-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6693150PMC
August 2019

Pulmonary artery-to-left atrial fistula discovered after the closure of atrial septal defect: A rare clinical scenario.

Ann Pediatr Cardiol 2018 May-Aug;11(2):211-213

Department of Cardiology, G B Pant Hospital, New Delhi, India.

A case of the right pulmonary artery-to- left atrial fistula with atrial septal defect (ASD) is presented. The fistula was detected after the patient developed desaturation following surgical closure of the ASD. It was managed with a transcatheter (trans-RPA route) closure of the fistula using a 12-mm Amplatzer ventricular septal defect closure device.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/apc.APC_138_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5963240PMC
June 2018

Dysphagia Lusoria with a supracardiac total anomalous pulmonary venous connection.

J Card Surg 2017 Nov 1;32(11):724-726. Epub 2017 Oct 1.

Department of Radiodiagnosis and interventional radiology, Govind Ballabh Pant Institute Of Post Graduate Medical Education and Research, Delhi University, Delhi, India.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jocs.13222DOI Listing
November 2017
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