Publications by authors named "Akram El Adawy"

6 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Admission SpO and ROX index predict outcome in patients with COVID-19.

Am J Emerg Med 2021 Jul 27;50:106-110. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Anesthesia and Surgical Intensive Care Department, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt.

Background: This study aimed to evaluate the accuracy of pulse oximetry-derived oxygen saturation (SpO) on room air, determined at hospital admission, as a predictor for the need for mechanical ventilatory support in patients with Coronavirus Disease-2019 (COVID-19).

Methods: In this retrospective observational study, demographic and clinical details of the patients were obtained during ICU admission. SpO and respiratory rate (RR) on room air were determined within the first 6 h of hospital admission. As all measurements were obtained on room air, we calculated the simplified respiratory rate‑oxygenation (ROX) index by dividing the SpO by the RR. Based on the use of any assistance of mechanical ventilator (invasive or noninvasive), patients were divided into mechanical ventilation (MV) group and oxygen therapy group. The accuracy of the SpO, CT score, and ROX index to predict the need to MV were determined using the Area under receiver operating curve (AUC).

Results: We included 72 critically ill patients who tested COVID-19-positive. SpO on the room air could predict any MV requirement (AUC [95% confidence interval]: 0.9 [0.8-0.96], sensitivity: 70%, specificity 100%, cut-off value ≤78%, P < 0.001). Within the MV group, the use of noninvasive ventilation (NIV) was successful in 37 (74%) patients, whereas 13 patients (26%) required endotracheal intubation. The cut-off ROX value for predicting early NIV failure was ≤1.4, with a sensitivity of 85%, a specificity of 86%, and an AUC of 0.86 (95% confidence interval of 0.73-0.94, P < 0.0001).

Conclusions: A baseline SpO ≤78% is an excellent predictor of MV requirement with a positive predictive value of 100%. Moreover, the ROX index measured within the first 6 h of hospital admission is a good indicator of early NIV failure.
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July 2021

Evaluation of peripheral perfusion index and heart rate variability as early predictors for intradialytic hypotension in critically ill patients.

BMC Anesthesiol 2019 12 27;19(1):242. Epub 2019 Dec 27.

Department of Anesthesia, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt.

Background: Intradialytic hypotension is a serious complication during renal replacement therapy in critically ill patients. Early prediction of intradialytic hypotension could allow adequate prophylactic measures. In this study we evaluated the ability of peripheral perfusion index (PPI) and heart rate variability (HRV) to predict intradialytic hypotension.

Methods: A prospective observational study included 36 critically ill patients with acute kidney injury during their first session of intermittent hemodialysis. In addition to basic vital signs, PPI was measured using Radical-7 (Masimo) device. Electrical cardiometry (ICON) device was used for measuring cardiac output, systemic vascular resistance, and HRV. All hemodynamic values were recorded at the following time points: 30 min before the hemodialysis session, 15 min before the start of hemodialysis session, every 5 min during the session, and 15 min after the conclusion of the session. The ability of all variables to predict intradialytic hypotension was assessed through area under receiver operating characteristic (AUROC) curve calculation.

Results: Twenty-three patients (64%) had intradialytic hypotension. Patients with pulmonary oedema showed higher risk for development of intradialytic hypotension {Odds ratio (95% CI): 13.75(1.4-136)}. Each of baseline HRV, and baseline PPI showed good predictive properties for intradialytic hypotension {AUROC (95% CI): 0.761(0.59-0.88)}, and 0.721(0.547-0.857)} respectively.

Conclusions: Each of low PPI, low HRV, and the presence of pulmonary oedema are good predictors of intradialytic hypotension.
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December 2019

Validity of mini-fluid challenge for predicting fluid responsiveness following liver transplantation.

BMC Anesthesiol 2019 04 13;19(1):56. Epub 2019 Apr 13.

Medical ICU, Bicêtre Hospital, Paris-South University, Paris, France.

Background: Mini-fluid challenge is a well tested and effective tool to predict fluid responsiveness under various clinical conditions. However, mini-fluid challenge has never been tested in patients with end-stage liver disease. This study investigated whether infusion of 150 ml albumin 5% can predict fluid responsiveness in cirrhotic patients following liver transplant.

Methods: Fifty patients receiving living donor liver transplant were included in the analysis. Mini-fluid challenge composed of 150 ml of albumin 5% administered over 1 min in three consecutive 50-ml fluid boluses. An additional 350 ml was then infused at a constant rate over 15 min (for a total of 500 ml). Stroke volume (SV) was measured as the product of the subaortic velocity time integral (VTI) and left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) area. Fluid responsiveness was defined as an increase in SV by ≥15% after the infusion.

Results: Fifty patients were enrolled in the study. Fourteen patients were classified with Child A, 15 patients with Child B, and 21 patients with Child C cirrhosis. Thirty four patients were fluid responders and 16 patients were fluid non-responders. After 150 ml of albumin 5%, the SV increased significantly in our cohort. The area under receiver operating curve (AUROC) was 0.7 (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.5-0.8, P = 0.005). In subgroup analysis, the SV increased significantly after mini fluid challenge in the Child A group (P = 0.017) but not Child B or C groups (P = 0.3 and 0.29, respectively). The AUROC for mini-fluid challenge in the Child A group was 0.86 (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.6-0.9, P = 0.0004), while mini-fluid challenge failed to discriminate between responders and non-responders in Child B and C groups.

Conclusion: A mini-fluid challenge of 150 ml albumin 5% can predict fluid responsiveness in liver transplant patients with fair sensitivity and specifiicty. Subgroup analyis revealed that minifluid challenge can predict fluid responsiveness in patients with Child A cirrhosis but not patients with Child B or C cirrhosis.

Trial Registration: NCT03396159 . (Prospective registered). Initial registration date was 10/01/2018.
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April 2019

Evaluation of perfusion index as a tool for pain assessment in critically ill patients.

J Clin Monit Comput 2017 Oct 24;31(5):961-965. Epub 2016 Sep 24.

Department of Anesthesia and Critical Care Medicine, Cairo University, 28 alarkam Ibn Abi alarkam street, Almeeraj, almaadi, Cairo, Egypt.

Pain is a common and undertreated problem in critically ill patients. Pain assessment in critically ill patients is challenging and relies on complex scoring systems. The aim of this work was to find out the possible role of the perfusion index (PI) measured by a pulse oximeter (Masimo Radical 7; Masimo Corp., Irvine, CA, USA) in pain assessment in critically ill patients. A prospective observational study was carried out on 87 sedated non-intubated patients in a surgical intensive care unit. In addition to routine monitoring, a Masimo pulse oximeter probe was used for PI measurement. The sedation level of the patients was assessed by using the Richmond Agitation-Sedation Scale (RASS). The pain intensity was determined by applying the behavioral pain scale for non-intubated (BPS-NI) patients. The PI, arterial blood pressure, heart rate, RASS, and BPS-NI values before and after the application of a standard painful stimulus (changing the patient position) were reported. Correlation between the PI and other variables was carried out at the two measurements. Correlation between changes in the PI (delta PI) and in the hemodynamic variables, RASS, and BPS-NI was also done. Changing the patient position resulted in a significant increase in SBP (128 ± 20 vs 120.4 ± 20.6, P = 0.009), DBP (71.3 ± 11.2 vs 68.7 ± 11.3, P = 0.021), heart rate (99.5 ± 19 vs 92.7 ± 18.2, P = 0.013), and BPS-NI (7[6-8] vs 3[3-3], P < 0.001) values and a significant decrease in the PI (1[0.5-1.9] vs 2.2[0.97-3.6], P < 0.001) value compared to the baseline readings. There was no correlation between the values of the PI and the ABP, BPS-NI, and RASS at the two measurements. A good correlation was found between the delta PI and delta BPS-NI (r = -0.616, P < 0.001). A weak correlation was observed between the PI and heart rate after the patient positioning (r = -0.249, P < 0.02). In surgical critically ill non-intubated patients, the application of a painful stimulus was associated with decreased PI. There was a good correlation between the change in the PI and the change in BPS-NI values after the application of painful stimulus.
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October 2017

The Friday of rage of the Egyptian revolution: a unique role for anesthesiologists.

Anesth Analg 2012 Apr 16;114(4):862-5. Epub 2012 Jan 16.

Department of Anesthesia and Intensive Care, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt.

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April 2012