Publications by authors named "Ajay P Desai"

2 Publications

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Efficacy of Platelet-Rich Plasma in Enhancing the Osteogenic Potential of Bone Graft in Oral and Maxillofacial Region.

J Maxillofac Oral Surg 2021 Jun 30;20(2):282-295. Epub 2020 Apr 30.

Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, CMDC (WC), Chandigarh, India.

Background: Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) has been a breakthrough in the stimulation and acceleration of bone and soft tissue healing. It represents a relatively new biotechnology that is part of the growing interest in tissue engineering and cellular therapy.

Methods: A prospective study was carried out in 50 patients. The cases were selected randomly in the age group of 8-50 years who needed bone grafts for alveolar cleft defects and surgical defects following removal of osteolytic jaw lesions. They were divided into study group with autologous PRP and control group without PRP. Bone density was calculated as per Hounsfield scale preoperatively and post-operatively for both the groups.

Results: There was significant difference in the Hounsfield units at 06 months and 12 months post-operatively in both the groups showing good amount of bone regeneration. The preoperative volume of the defect and the post-operative volume of the regenerated bone were statistically analysed. The mean V2 was 0.7652 cc for the study group, whereas for control group, it was 0.4840 cc. The volume ratio for study group was 0.9070 and for control group was 0.6740. This showed greater bone regeneration in the study group. The results were statistically significant for both the groups.

Conclusion: PRP is a new application of tissue engineering and a developing area of interest for clinicians and researchers. It is a storage vehicle for growth factors, especially PDGF and TGF-b, both of which influence bone regeneration, and also eliminates the concerns about immunogenic reactions and disease transmission. PRP does enhance the healing of bone grafts in the maxillofacial region as shown by the increase in the density of bone.
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June 2021

Oro-Nasal Communication.

J Craniofac Surg 2016 Sep;27(6):e529-33

Deptment of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, CMDC (WC), Chandimandir, Panchkula, Haryana, India.

Introduction: Breach in the palatal vault leading to an abnormal communication between oral and nasal cavity is known as oro-nasal communication. It is an uncommon presentation in day-to-day clinical practice except in some patients of cleft lip and palate.Etiology may be congenital or acquired. Alveolar and palatal cleft defects are the most common etiological factor. The acquired causes may be trauma, periapical pathology, infections, neoplasms, postsurgical complications, and radio and chemo necrosis.Clinical features like nasal regurgitation of food, defective speech, fetid odor, bad taste, and upper respiratory tract and ear infection are associated with oro-nasal communication.Management depends upon the size and site of defect, age of patient, and associated comorbidity. The definitive management is always surgical. Two layered closure provides greater support and stability and reduces the risk of failure. Palatal rotational flaps are suitable for smaller defects. The other local flaps are buccal mucosal flap, tongue flap, and facial artery myomucosal flap. Temporoparietal galeal flap, turbinate flap, free radial forearm flap, and scapular flap have also been successfully used for closure of oronasal communication. Newer procedures like the use of bone morphogenic protein, acellular dermal matrices, human amniotic membrane, and distraction osteogenesis have been tried successfully. The rate of recurrence is high.Unsuccessful surgical attempts and larger defects associated with compromised medical conditions are better managed nonsurgically with obturator incorporating the missing teeth.
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September 2016