Publications by authors named "Ailing Zhu"

4 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Decreased bioavailability of both inorganic mercury and methylmercury in anaerobic sediments by sorption on iron sulfide nanoparticles.

J Hazard Mater 2021 Sep 30;424(Pt B):127399. Epub 2021 Sep 30.

State Key Laboratory of Environmental Chemistry and Ecotoxicology, Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100085, China.

Methylmercury (MeHg), derived via inorganic mercury (Hg(II)) methylation by anaerobic microorganisms, is a neurotoxic contaminant causing concern worldwide. Establishing how to reduce Hg(II) methylation and MeHg bioavailability is essential for effective control of Hg pollution. Iron sulfide nanoparticles (FeS) is a promising passivator for Hg(II) methylation. However, its effect on the fate of MeHg in aquatic systems remains poorly understood. This study investigated the effect of FeS on Hg(II) bioavailability, MeHg production and bioavailability in aquatic environments. Results demonstrated that FeS rapidly sorbed Hg(II) and MeHg, with sorption affected by pH, chloride ion and dissolved organic matter. Hg-specific biosensor analysis showed that Hg(II) sorbed onto FeS significantly reduced its bioavailability to microorganisms. Double stable isotope (Hg(II) and MeHg) addition revealed that FeS significantly inhibited MeHg production in anaerobic sediments. Furthermore, synthetic gut juice extraction suggested that FeS decrease concentrations of bioavailable MeHg and Hg(II), reducing their integration into food webs. However, the sorbed MeHg and Hg(II) in sediments can be released after FeS oxidation, potentially enhancing the risk of exposure to aquatic organisms. Overall, these findings increase our understanding of Hg transformation and exposure risks in aquatic systems, providing valuable information for the development of in situ Hg remediation systems.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2021.127399DOI Listing
September 2021

Role of metformin in treatment of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a systematic review.

J Thorac Dis 2019 Oct;11(10):4371-4378

Department of Respiratory Medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing 210029, China.

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is commonly associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Metformin is a first-line treatment for most patients with T2DM, and may have antiaging, antioxidant, and anti-tumour effects. A few published studies report the use of metformin for the treatment of COPD in patients with or without T2DM, but the results are inconsistent. This study aimed to confirm the effectiveness and safety of metformin as a treatment option in patients with COPD. We performed a systematic search of PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane database from their starting date to December 2017. Randomised controlled trials (RCTs), controlled clinical trials, and retrospective researches reporting the use of metformin for treating patients with COPD were identified. We included a total of six articles (involving 3,467 participants) and found that metformin may benefit patients with COPD and T2DM by improving health status and symptoms, hospitalisations, and mortality. There was no effect on patients with COPD without T2DM. Metformin causes minimal increases in plasma lactate concentrations without lactic acidosis and has little impact on blood glucose and minor adverse events. Metformin is safe and effective for treating COPD in patients with concomitant T2DM.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.21037/jtd.2019.09.84DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6837976PMC
October 2019

Multi-residue analysis of veterinary drugs, pesticides and mycotoxins in dairy products by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry using low-temperature cleanup and solid phase extraction.

J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci 2015 Oct 10;1002:19-29. Epub 2015 Aug 10.

Department of Veterinary Pharmacology and Toxicology, College of Veterinary Medicine, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China. Electronic address:

A multi-class multi-residue analysis method for determination of veterinary drugs, pesticides and mycotoxins in dairy products by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) has been established. These 17 classes, a total of 40 kinds of target compounds were chosen because their administration to food-producing animals is banned or regulated in China and may be potentially abused or misused. Samples were extracted with acetonitrile-ethyl acetate-acetic acid (49.5+49.5+1, v/v/v). Most of lipids in the extract were removed by low-temperature cleanup, prior to solid phase extraction on HLB cartridges. The quantification and confirmation of the 40 analytes were performed by LC-MS/MS with electro-spray ionization (ESI) interface in multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) mode. The limits of detection (LODs) and limits of quantification (LOQs) were 0.006-0.3μg/kg and 0.02-1.0μg/kg, respectively. The spiked recoveries in milk, yogurt, milk powder and cheese samples were from 67.3% to 106.9%. The repeatability and the within-laboratory reproducibility were less than 12.7% and 13.9%. Applying this method, our results revealed the presences of chloramphenicol, cimeterol, and flunixin at the concentration of 0.027-0.452μg/kg in some samples.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jchromb.2015.08.005DOI Listing
October 2015

Discontinuous mixed covolume methods for parabolic problems.

ScientificWorldJournal 2014 30;2014:867863. Epub 2014 Mar 30.

School of Mathematical Sciences, Shandong Normal University, Jinan 250014, China.

We present the semidiscrete and the backward Euler fully discrete discontinuous mixed covolume schemes for parabolic problems on triangular meshes. We give the error analysis of the discontinuous mixed covolume schemes and obtain optimal order error estimates in discontinuous H(div) and first-order error estimate in L(2).
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/867863DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3985389PMC
October 2014
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