Publications by authors named "Ahmed Al Saqr"

4 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Enhanced Cytotoxic Activity of Docetaxel-Loaded Silk Fibroin Nanoparticles against Breast Cancer Cells.

Polymers (Basel) 2021 Apr 27;13(9). Epub 2021 Apr 27.

Department of Pharmaceutics and Industrial Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Zagazig University, Zagazig 44519, Egypt.

Despite decades of research, breast cancer therapy remains a great challenge. Docetaxel is an antimicrotubule agent that is effectively used for the treatment of breast cancer. However, its clinical use is significantly hampered by its low water solubility and systemic toxicity. The current study was designed to prepare docetaxel (DXL)-loaded silk-fibroin-based nanoparticles (SF-NPs) and to screen their potential antitumor activity against breast cancer cell lines. DXL-loaded SF-NPs were prepared using a nanoprecipitation technique and were evaluated for particle size, zeta potential, entrapment efficiency, and in vitro release profile. In addition, DXL-loaded SF-NPs were screened for in vitro cytotoxicity, cellular uptake, and apoptotic potential against MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cell lines. The prepared DXL-loaded SF-NPs were 178 to 198 nm in diameter with a net negative surface charge and entrapment efficiency ranging from 56% to 72%. In vitro release studies exhibited a biphasic release profile of DXL from SF-NPs with sustained drug release for 72 h. In vitro cell studies revealed that entrapment of DXL within SF-NPs significantly improved cytotoxic potential against breast cancer cell lines, compared to the free drug, and enhanced cellular uptake of DXL by breast cancer cells. Furthermore, the accumulation in the G2/M phase was significantly higher in cells treated with DXL-loaded SF-NPs than in cells treated with free DXL. Collectively, the superior antitumor activities of DXL-loaded SF-NPs against breast cancer cells, compared to free DXL, could be ascribed to improved apoptosis and cell cycle arrest. Our results highlighted the feasibility of using silk fibroin nanoparticles as a nontoxic biocompatible delivery vehicle for enhanced therapeutic outcomes in breast cancer.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/polym13091416DOI Listing
April 2021

Synthesis of Gold Nanoparticles by Using Green Machinery: Characterization and In Vitro Toxicity.

Nanomaterials (Basel) 2021 Mar 22;11(3). Epub 2021 Mar 22.

Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Zagazig University, Zagazig 44519, Egypt.

Green synthesis of gold nanoparticles (GNPs) with plant extracts has gained considerable interest in the field of biomedicine. Recently, the bioreduction nature of herbal extracts has helped to synthesize spherical GNPs of different potential from gold salt. In this study, a fast ecofriendly method was adopted for the synthesis of GNPs using fresh peel (aqueous) extracts of , which acted as reducing and stabilizing agents. The biosynthesized GNPs were characterized by UV-VIS and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and dynamic light scattering. In addition, the in vitro antibacterial and anticancer activities of synthesized GNPs were investigated. The formation of gold nanoparticles was confirmed by the existence of a sharp absorption peak at 520 nm, corresponding to the surface plasmon resonance (SPR) band of the GNPs. TEM analysis revealed that the prepared GNPs were spherical in shape and had an average particle size of 22.18 ± 2 nm. Most importantly, the synthesized GNPs exhibited considerable antibacterial activity against different Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. Furthermore, the biosynthesized GNPs exerted remarkable in vitro cytotoxicity against human cervical cancer cell line, while sparing normal human primary osteoblast cells. Such cytotoxic effect was attributed to the increased production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) that contributed to the damage of HeLa cells. Collectively, peel extracts of can be efficiently used for the synthesis of GNPs, which can be adopted as a natural source of antimicrobial and anticancer agent.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nano11030808DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8004202PMC
March 2021

Co-Delivery of Hispolon and Doxorubicin Liposomes Improves Efficacy Against Melanoma Cells.

AAPS PharmSciTech 2020 Nov 4;21(8):304. Epub 2020 Nov 4.

Department of Drug Discovery and Development, Harrison School of Pharmacy, Auburn University, Auburn, Alabama, 36849, USA.

Hispolon is a small molecular weight polyphenol that has antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anti-proliferative activities. Our recent study has demonstrated hispolon as a potent apoptosis inducer in melanoma cell lines. Doxorubicin is a broad spectrum first-line treatment for various kinds of cancers. In this study, co-delivery of doxorubicin and hispolon using a liposomal system in B16BL6 melanoma cell lines for synergistic cytotoxic effects was investigated. Liposomes were prepared using a lipid film hydration method and loaded with doxorubicin or hispolon. The formulations were characterized for particle size distribution, release profile, and encapsulation efficiency (EE). In addition, in vitro cytotoxicity, in vitro cell apoptosis, and cellular uptake were evaluated. Liposomes exhibited small particle size (mean diameter ~ 100 nm) and narrow size distribution (polydispersity index (< 0.2) and high drug EE% (> 90%). The release from liposomes showed slower release compared to free drug solution as an additional time required for the release of drug from the liposome lipid bilayer. Liposome loaded with doxorubicin or hispolon exhibited significantly higher cytotoxicity against B16BL6 melanoma cells as compared to doxorubicin solution or hispolon solution. Likewise, co-delivery of hispolon and doxorubicin liposomes showed two-fold and three-fold higher cytotoxicity, as compared to hispolon liposomes or doxorubicin liposomes, respectively. In addition, co-delivery of doxorubicin and hispolon in liposomes enhanced apoptosis more than the individual drugs in the liposome formulation. In conclusion, the co-delivery of hispolon and doxorubicin could be a promising therapeutic approach to improve clinical outcomes against melanoma.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1208/s12249-020-01846-2DOI Listing
November 2020

Elucidating the anti-melanoma effect and mechanisms of Hispolon.

Life Sci 2020 Sep 6;256:117702. Epub 2020 May 6.

Department of Drug Discovery and Development, Harrison School of Pharmacy, Auburn University, AL 36849. Electronic address:

There is a rapid increase in the incidence of melanoma which has led to a global crisis. Thus, there is a great need for developing novel, safe and effective drugs for the treatment of melanoma. Hispolon is a small molecular weight polyphenol derived from Phellinus linteus, which has antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-proliferative activities. Hispolon has been reported to induce apoptosis in gastric cancer, hepatocellular carcinoma, and myeloid leukemia. However, the anticancer effect in melanoma is not well elucidated. Thus, our present study was to investigate the anti-cancer effect of hispolon on melanoma cancer cells. B16BL6 cells were treated with different concentrations of hispolon for 24 h and the effect on oxidative stress, mitochondrial functions, apoptosis and cell proliferation were studied. Hispolon is a potent generator of reactive oxygen species, nitrite and lipid peroxide levels. Furthermore, it significantly inhibits the expression of Bcl-2 and promotes the expression of Bax, increases the activity of caspase 1 and 3, inhibits mitochondrial Complex I and IV activities. By the above mechanisms, hispolon dose-dependently exhibited the antimelanoma effect similar to the well established pharmacological agent, curcumin. Thus, hispolon can be a potent anti-melanoma drug in the future if the pharmacodynamic effects and the toxicological studies are appropriately carried out.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.lfs.2020.117702DOI Listing
September 2020