Publications by authors named "Ahmed Abdulmajeed Alanazi"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Ischiorectal fossa metastasis from colon cancer: Case report of a rare entity and review of literature.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2021 May 27;82:105912. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

Department of Surgery, King Fahad Specialist Hospital-Dammam, Saudi Arabia.

Introduction And Importance: Colorectal cancer is one of the most common cancers both nationally and internationally. It commonly metastases to local lymph nodes, liver and lungs, with few reported cases of rare sites of metastasis such as adrenal glands, breast and skin.

Case Presentation: We report a 55-year-old-female admitted as case of large bowel obstruction and unintentional weight loss. Computed tomography scan of chest, abdomen and pelvis (CT CAP) showed sigmoid colon circumferential thickening with three lesions in the right hemi-liver. A laparoscopic diverting ileostomy followed by a colonoscopy showed a sigmoidal mass consistent with adenocarcinoma on histopathology. Hence, she received neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by hepatectomy for the liver metastasis. Post-operatively CT CAP showed a newly developed right ischiorectal fossa (IRF) nodule along with newly developed porta hepatis lymph node. PET scan showed uptake in these two new lesions. Therefore, the patient underwent resection of the primary tumor, porta hepatis lymph node and right ischiorectal fossa nodule excision. The histopathology of the primary tumor came as moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma with both ischiorectal lesion and the porta hepatis nodule being positive for metastatic disease.

Clinical Discussion & Conclusion: Ischiorectal fossa tumors are extremely rare with the majority being benign in origin. Nevertheless, the possibility of metastasis is there with no clear explanation regarding the pathway of how the metastatic cells can reach the IRF. Pre-operative diagnosis is important to determine the appropriate approach particularly if the mass is thought to be malignant. Further larger studies are needed to understand the pathway of metastasis to IRF.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijscr.2021.105912DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8121690PMC
May 2021

Huge solid pseudopapillary tumor of the pancreas 'Frantz tumor': a case report.

J Gastrointest Oncol 2020 Oct;11(5):1098-1104

Hepatopancreaticobiliary Unit, Department of Surgery, King Fahad Specialist Hospital, Dammam, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Solid pseudopapillary neoplasms (SPN) of the pancreas are rare neoplasms accounting for 1-2% of all pancreatic tumors and have a general female predominance. We report a case and intraoperative videos of SPN involving the whole pancreatic tail. A 19-year-old female patient initially presented to another healthcare facility complaining of abdominal pain, which was started 6 years ago. A contrast-enhanced Computed Tomography (CT) scan of the abdomen showed a large mass measuring 15.6 cm × 11.6 cm × 11 cm, arising from the pancreas with an enhancing cystic component. The patient underwent exploratory laparotomy, which revealed a huge mass occupying most of the abdominal cavity. Thus, we proceeded with a distal pancreatectomy and splenectomy. Intraoperatively, the frozen section showed that the mass had features of a solid pseudopapillary tumor of the pancreas with negative resection margins. The SPN diagnosis was confirmed by histopathology and immunohistochemistry. The pathophysiology behind the development of SPN and its cellular origin is still a matter of debate with multiple proposed hypotheses. SPNs are asymptomatic in almost 70% of all cases and usually discovered incidentally. The pre-operative diagnosis of SPNs remains a clinical challenge despite all the current advances in the diagnostic modalities. Surgical management with negative resection margins is the mainstay of treatment, even with metastasis and vascular invasion, surgical excision should be performed whenever feasible. The recurrence rate after surgical resection has been reported to be 3-9%. The prognosis of SPN limited to the pancreas is generally excellent with over 95% cure rate following complete surgical resection. SPN is a rare entity of a controversial origin but is considered as a low-grade malignancy. Surgical resection to achieve complete excision constitutes the mainstay of treatment, which mostly results in an excellent prognosis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.21037/jgo-20-180DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7657821PMC
October 2020