Publications by authors named "Ahmed Abdelbar"

2 Publications

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The role of ultrasound in prediction of intra-operative blood loss in cases of placenta accreta spectrum disorders.

Arch Gynecol Obstet 2020 11 1;302(5):1143-1150. Epub 2020 Aug 1.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt.

Purpose: To assess the value of various grey-scale ultrasound, 2D color Doppler, and 3D power Doppler sonographic markers in predicting major intraoperative blood loss during planned cesarean hysterectomy for cases diagnosed with placenta accreta spectrum (PAS) disorders.

Methods: 50 women diagnosed with PAS were scanned the day before planned delivery and hysterectomy for various sonographic markers indicative of placental invasion. These women were then later divided according to blood loss in two groups: group A (minor hemorrhage, < 2500 ml), and group B (major hemorrhage, > 2500 ml), and the data were analyzed.

Results: The odds ratio (OR) for major hemorrhage was as follows for the following sonographic markers: 'number of lacunae > 4' OR 3.8 95% CI (1.0-13.8) (p = 0.047); 'subplacental hypervascularity' OR 10.8 95% CI (1.2-98.0) (p = 0.035); 'tortuous vascularity with 'chaotic branching' OR 10.8 95%CI (1.2-98.0) (p = 0.035); 'numerous coherent vessels involving the serosa-bladder interface OR 14.6 95% CI (2.7-80.5) (p = 0.002); and 'presence of bridging vessels OR 2.9 95% CI (1.4-6.9) (p = 0.005). Only the presence of numerous coherent vessels involving the bladder-serosal interface (p = 0.002) was proven to be independent predictor of major hemorrhage during hysterectomy.

Conclusion: The use of 2D color Doppler and 3D power Doppler can help predict massive hemorrhage in cases of PAS disorders.
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November 2020

Role of Oral Tramadol 50 mg in Reducing Pain During Colposcopy-Directed Cervical Biopsy: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

J Low Genit Tract Dis 2020 Apr;24(2):206-210

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt.

Objective: The aim of the study was to assess safety and efficacy of 50-mg tramadol in reducing patient-perceived pain during colposcopy.

Material And Methods: We conducted a randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial in the colposcopy unit of a tertiary referral hospital, Cairo, Egypt, from April 2018 to October 2018. Our primary outcome was pain during colposcopy-guided ectocervical punch biopsy. Our secondary outcomes were pain during speculum insertion, acetic acid application, Lugol iodine application, endocervical curettage (ECC), endocervical brushing, 10-minute postprocedure, and additional analgesia requirement. Pain was assessed using 10-cm visual analog scale.

Results: One hundred fifty women were randomized into 2 groups: tramadol group (n = 75) received oral 50-mg tramadol tablets, and control group (n = 75) received placebo tablets. Both groups showed no significant difference in anticipated pain score (p = .56), pain scores during speculum insertion (p = .70), application of acetic acid (p = .40), and Lugol iodine (p = .79). However, the mean pain scores were significantly lower in tramadol group compared with placebo at ectocervical biopsy (p = .001), ECC (p = .001), endocervical brushing (p = .001), and 10 minutes after colposcopy (p = .001). Need for additional analgesia was significantly lower in tramadol group (p = .03).

Conclusions: Oral tramadol 50 mg significantly reduces pain perception during colposcopy-guided ectocervical biopsy, ECC, endocervical brushing, and 10 minutes after colposcopy with tolerable adverse effects.
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April 2020