Publications by authors named "Agostino Tartari"

2 Publications

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Enhancing radiosensitivity of melanoma cells through very high dose rate pulses released by a plasma focus device.

PLoS One 2018 29;13(6):e0199312. Epub 2018 Jun 29.

University of Bologna, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Bologna, Italy.

Radiation therapy is a useful and standard tumor treatment strategy. Despite recent advances in delivery of ionizing radiation, survival rates for some cancer patients are still low because of recurrence and radioresistance. This is why many novel approaches have been explored to improve radiotherapy outcome. Some strategies are focused on enhancement of accuracy in ionizing radiation delivery and on the generation of greater radiation beams, for example with a higher dose rate. In the present study we proposed an in vitro research of the biological effects of very high dose rate beam on SK-Mel28 and A375, two radioresistant human melanoma cell lines. The beam was delivered by a pulsed plasma device, a "Mather type" Plasma Focus for medical applications. We hypothesized that this pulsed X-rays generator is significantly more effective to impair melanoma cells survival compared to conventional X-ray tube. Very high dose rate treatments were able to reduce clonogenic efficiency of SK-Mel28 and A375 more than the X-ray tube and to induce a greater, less easy-to-repair DNA double-strand breaks. Very little is known about biological consequences of such dose rate. Our characterization is preliminary but is the first step toward future clinical considerations.
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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0199312PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6025851PMC
April 2019

Principal component analysis of scintimammographic images.

Phys Med 2006 ;21 Suppl 1:91-3

Department of Biomedical Science, University of Ferrara, Italy.

The recent development of new gamma imagers based on scintillation array with high spatial resolution, has strongly improved the possibility of detecting sub-centimeter cancer in Scintimammography. However, Compton scattering contamination remains the main drawback since it limits the sensitivity of tumor detection. Principal component image analysis (PCA), recently introduced in scintimam nographic imaging, is a data reduction technique able to represent the radiation emitted from chest, breast healthy and damaged tissues as separated images. From these images a Scintimammography can be obtained where the Compton contamination is "removed". In the present paper we compared the PCA reconstructed images with the conventional scintimammographic images resulting from the photopeak (Ph) energy window. Data coming from a clinical trial were used. For both kinds of images the tumor presence was quantified by evaluating the t-student statistics for independent sample as a measure of the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR). Since the absence of Compton scattering, the PCA reconstructed images shows a better noise suppression and allows a more reliable diagnostics in comparison with the images obtained by the photopeak energy window, reducing the trend in producing false positive.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1120-1797(06)80034-7DOI Listing
October 2012