Publications by authors named "Agnieszka Kotecka-Blicharz"

9 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Thyroid nodules with indeterminate cytopathology: a constant challenge in everyday practice. The effectiveness of clinical decisions using diagnostic tools available in Poland.

Pol Arch Intern Med 2021 Oct 11. Epub 2021 Oct 11.

Introduction: A crucial issue in the management of thyroid nodules is to estimate, as accurately as possible, the malignancy risk in thyroid lesions. The key tool for risk stratification is fine needle aspiration biopsy. Unfortunately, approximately 20 % of biopsy results are indeterminate. The malignancy risk assigned to these categories does not allow unequivocal further management.

Objectives: We aimed to assess the malignancy risk in indeterminate thyroid nodules in the Polish population, and to analyze the effectiveness of clinical decisions after an indeterminate cytological diagnosis in Polish clinical practice.

Patients And Methods: The retrospective analysis included 222 indeterminate thyroid nodules in 222 patients. The ultrasound features were assessed from scans preceding a thyroid biopsy. Cytology results were classified according to the Bethesda system. The nature of the thyroid nodule was determined on the basis of a histopathological analysis or follow up.

Results: The analyzed cohort included 82 lesions in Bethesda category III, 75 in Bethesda category IV and 65 in Bethesda category V. The malignancy risk, estimated on the basis of histological verification and surveillance was 6.7% for Bethesda III, 11.3% for Bethesda IV and 70.3%for Bethesda V category. An ultrasound pattern was not effective enough for refining the malignancy risk after obtaining an indeterminate cytopathology result. In the case of surgery, postoperative hypoparathyroidism was significantly more frequent following more extensive surgical procedures.

Conclusions: Majority of Polish patients with thyroid nodules assigned to cytological categories Bethesda III and IV is overtreated using diagnostic tools currently available in Poland.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.20452/pamw.16117DOI Listing
October 2021

Only peak thyroglobulin concentration on day 1 and 3 of rhTSH-aided RAI adjuvant treatment has prognostic implications in differentiated thyroid cancer.

Ann Nucl Med 2021 Nov 7;35(11):1214-1222. Epub 2021 Aug 7.

Department of Nuclear Medicine and Endocrine Oncology, Maria Sklodowska-Curie National Research Institute of Oncology, Gliwice Branch, Gliwice, Poland.

Objective: In patients with differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC), serum thyroglobulin levels measured at the time of remnant ablation after thyroid hormone withdrawal were shown to have prognostic value for disease-free status. We sought to evaluate serial thyroglobulin measurements at the time of recombinant human thyroid-stimulating hormone (rhTSH)-aided iodine 131 (I) adjuvant treatment as prognostic markers of DTC.

Methods: Six hundred-fifty patients with DTC given total/near-total thyroidectomy and adjuvant radioiodine post-rhTSH stimulation were evaluated. Thyroglobulin was measured on day 1 (Tg1; at the time of the first rhTSH injection), day 3 (Tg3; 1 day after the second, final rhTSH injection), and day 6 (Tg6; 3 days post-radioiodine administration). Treatment failure was defined as histopathologically confirmed locoregional recurrence, or radiologically-evident distant metastases (signs of disease on computer tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), or abnormal foci of radioiodine or [F] fluorodeoxyglucose ([F]FDG) uptake.

Results: In univariate analysis, Tg1 (p < 0.001) and Tg3 (p < 0.001), but not Tg6, were significantly associated with structural recurrence. In multivariate analysis of the overall cohort, only Tg3 was independently associated with structural recurrence. In multivariate analysis of the subgroup (n = 561) with anti-Tg antibodies titers below the institutional cut-off, 115 IU/mL, Tg1 was an independent prognostic marker. Tg1 and Tg3 cutoffs to best predict structural recurrence were established at 0.7 ng/mL and 1.4 ng/mL, respectively.

Conclusions: Tg1 and Tg3, measurements made after rhTSH stimulation but before radioiodine treatment, independently predict a low risk of treatment failure in patients with DTC. Levels measured post-radioiodine application (e.g., Tg6) are highly variable, lack prognostic value, and hence can be omitted.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12149-021-01663-yDOI Listing
November 2021

Laparoscopic cortical-sparing adrenal surgery in pheochromocytomas associated with hereditary neoplasia syndromes.

Endokrynol Pol 2020 30;71(6):518-523. Epub 2020 Oct 30.

Department of Nuclear Medicine and Endocrine Oncology, Maria Sklodowska-Curie National Research Institute of Oncology, Gliwice Branch, Poland.

Introduction: Pheochromocytomas in hereditary syndromes tend to grow multifocal with adrenal involvement on both sides. Surgical treatment with bilateral adrenalectomy inevitably leads to life-long hormonal dependence, which significantly affects quality of life. The development of minimally invasive adrenal surgery has created a chance to preserve adrenal cortex function in these patients. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the safety of laparoscopic cortical-sparing adrenal surgeries and their efficacy in the prevention of postoperative adrenal insufficiency in patients with hereditary pheochromocytomas.

Material And Methods: We retrospectively analysed the medical histories of 10 patients, who underwent 10 laparoscopic cortical sparing adrenal surgeries from January 2015 to January 2019 in our centre. The decision to perform sparing surgery was based on preoperative diagnosis of hereditary syndrome in line with the result of DNA analysis or its diagnosis based on the clinical appearance. All surgeries were performed laparoscopically from transperitoneal access in the lateral decubitus position, with preserving 1/3-1/4 adrenal tissue. The sufficiency of remnant adrenal tissue was assessed in all patients. The median time of follow-up was three years (ranged 0.5-4 years).

Results: No intraoperative complications were observed. One case of acute heart failure was the only early postoperative adverse event. There were no late postoperative complications and no local recurrences observed. In one out of three patients undergoing sparing surgery as a second procedure after former total adrenalectomy, adrenal cortex failure occurred. In all patients after unilateral surgery or after bilateral surgery performed simultaneously (total adrenalectomy at one side and sparing surgery contralaterally), function of remnant adrenal tissue was preserved.

Conclusions: In hereditary pheochromocytomas, with minimal risk of malignant process, laparoscopic cortical sparing adrenal surgeries are the safe approach and provide the chance to preserve adrenal cortex function.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5603/EP.a2020.0075DOI Listing
October 2021

Early Diagnosis of Low-Risk Papillary Thyroid Cancer Results Rather in Overtreatment Than a Better Survival.

Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 2020 6;11:571421. Epub 2020 Oct 6.

Department of Nuclear Medicine and Endocrine Oncology, M.Sklodowska-Curie National Research Institute of Oncology Gliwice Branch, Gliwice, Poland.

We are witnessing a rapid worldwide increase in the incidence of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) in the last thirty years. Extensive implementation of cancer screening and wide availability of neck ultrasound or other imaging studies is the main reason responsible for this phenomenon. It resulted in a detection of a growing number of clinically asymptomatic PTCs, mainly low-risk tumors, without any beneficial impact on survival. An indolent nature of low-risk PTC, particularly papillary thyroid microcarcinoma (PTMC), and the excellent outcomes raise an ongoing discussion regarding the adequacy of treatment applied. The question of whether PTMC is overtreated or not is currently completed by another, whether PTMC requires any treatment. Current ATA guidelines propose less extensive preoperative diagnostics and, if differentiated thyroid cancer is diagnosed, less aggressive surgical approach and limit indications for postoperative radioiodine therapy. However, in intrathyroidal PTMCs in the absence of lymph node or distant metastases, active surveillance may constitute alternative management with a low progression rate of 1%-5% and without any increase in the risk of poorer outcomes related to delayed surgery in patients, in whom it was necessary. This review summarizes the current knowledge and future perspectives of active surveillance in low-risk PTC.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fendo.2020.571421DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7573306PMC
May 2021

Differences in Gene Expression Profile of Primary Tumors in Metastatic and Non-Metastatic Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma-Do They Exist?

Int J Mol Sci 2020 Jun 29;21(13). Epub 2020 Jun 29.

Nuclear Medicine and Endocrine Oncology Department, Maria Sklodowska-Curie National Research Institute of Oncology Gliwice Branch, 44-101 Gliwice, Poland.

Molecular mechanisms of distant metastases (M1) in papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) are poorly understood. We attempted to analyze the gene expression profile in PTC primary tumors to seek the genes associated with M1 status and characterize their molecular function. One hundred and twenty-three patients, including 36 M1 cases, were subjected to transcriptome oligonucleotide microarray analyses: (set A-U133, set B-HG 1.0 ST) at transcript and gene group level (limma, gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA)). An additional independent set of 63 PTCs, including 9 M1 cases, was used to validate results by qPCR. The analysis on dataset A detected eleven transcripts showing significant differences in expression between metastatic and non-metastatic PTC. These genes were validated on microarray dataset B. The differential expression was positively confirmed for only two genes: (most significant) and . However, when analyzed on an independent dataset by qPCR, the gene showed no differences in expression. Gene group analysis showed differences mainly among immune-related transcripts, indicating the potential influence of tumor immune infiltration or signal within the primary tumor. The differences in gene expression profile between metastatic and non-metastatic PTC, if they exist, are subtle and potentially detectable only in large datasets.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijms21134629DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7369779PMC
June 2020

European perspective on the use of molecular tests in the diagnosis and therapy of thyroid neoplasms.

Gland Surg 2020 Feb;9(Suppl 2):S69-S76

The Oncologic and Reconstructive Surgery Clinic, Maria Sklodowska-Curie Institute-Oncology Center, Gliwice Branch, Gliwice, Poland.

Thyroid nodules are frequently observed, particularly in individuals of over 60 years of age. On the other hand, most of the detected changes are benign and they do not require surgery. Therefore, differentiation between benign and malignant lesions in preoperative diagnosis is of crucial importance. Currently, the use of fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) and cytological assessment are the gold standard in the diagnosis of thyroid nodules. This procedure significantly reduces the need for diagnostic surgical intervention. However, approximately 15-30% of cytological results are classified as indeterminate. This is mainly due to the lack of specific cytomorphologic features that would facilitate the diagnosis based on cell evaluation under microscopic assessment. For the diagnoses of atypia of undetermined significance/follicular lesion of undetermined significance (AUS/FLUS), the assessment of invasion is crucial. Such an evaluation is not possible in cytology. Recently, molecular tests have been developed. They improve cytological diagnosis, particularly in the case of indeterminate results. Commercially available tests are developed based on the North American population. It is important to assess whether such tests can be used in the evaluation of e.g., European population.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.21037/gs.2019.10.26DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7044080PMC
February 2020

131-I MIBG therapy of malignant pheochromocytoma and paraganglioma tumours - a single-centre study.

Endokrynol Pol 2018 12;69(3):246-251. Epub 2018 Apr 12.

Department of Nuclear Medicine and Endocrine Oncology,, Maria Skłodowska-Curie Memorial Cancer Center and Institute of Oncology, Gliwice Branch, Wybrzeża Armii Krajowej 15, 44-101 Gliwice, Poland.

Introduction: Pheochromocytomas and paragangliomas are rare tumors deriving from chromaffin cells of adrenal medulla or paraganglia. They are usually benign but 10-35% of them present malignant behavior. The aim of the study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of 131-I MIBG therapy in malignant pheochromocytoma /paraganglioma patients (MPPGL).

Material And Methods: 18 patients (7 women and 11 men) were included in this study. Between 2002 and 2016 they underwent 131-I MIBG therapy because of MPPGL and their medical data were analyzed retrospectively. Clinical indications for the treatment included progressive disease or massive tissue involvement independently from disease progression. Tumor response for the first time was assessed 3 months after the last treatment according to Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors criteria and by 131-I MIBG scans.

Results: The mean single dose used was 7.25 GBq (196 mCi) and mean cumulative dose 33.08 GBq ( 894 mCi). In 2 (11%) patients complete tumor response was achieved. In 1 (6%) patient partial response was obtained. In 13 (72%) patients stable disease was observed. In 2 (11%) patients progression was diagnosed three months after treatment discontinuation. In the whole studied group the progression free survival time was 85 months and overall 5-year survival was 87%.

Conclusions: Radionuclide treatment with use of 131-I MIBG may be effective form of palliative treatment for patients with inoperative neoplasm spread, progressive disease or patients requiring alleviation of symptoms. < p > < /p >.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5603/EP.a2018.0024DOI Listing
October 2018

Guidelines of Polish National Societies Diagnostics and Treatment of Thyroid Carcinoma. 2018 Update.

Endokrynol Pol 2018 ;69(1):34-74

Nuclear Medicine and Endocrine Oncology Department; M.Sklodowska-Curie Memorial Institute - Cancer Center, Gliwice Branch, Wybrzeze AK 15, 44-100 Gliwice, Poland; Zakład Medycyny Nuklearnej i Endokrynologii Onkologicznej, Centrum Onkologii-Instytut im. Marii Skłodowskiej-Curie, Oddział w Gliwicach, Wybrzeże AK 15, 44-100 Gliwice, Poland.

Significant advances have been made in thyroid can-cer research in recent years, therefore relevant clinical guidelines need to be updated. The current Polish guidelines "Diagnostics and Treatment of Thyroid Carcinoma" have been formulated at the "Thyroid Cancer and Other Malignancies of Endocrine Glands" conference held in Wisła in November 2015 [1].
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5603/EP.2018.0014DOI Listing
July 2018

Occurrence of phaeochromocytoma tumours in RET mutation carriers - a single-centre study.

Endokrynol Pol 2016 ;67(1):54-8

Department of Nuclear Medicine and Endocrine Oncology, Maria Skłodowska-Curie Memorial Cancer Centre and Institute of Oncology, Gliwice Branch.

Introduction: Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2 (MEN 2) is an autosomal dominant genetic syndrome caused by germline mutation in RET proto-oncogene. The most common mutations are in a cysteine rich domain. Phaeochromocytoma will develop in approximately 50% of RET proto-oncogene carriers.

Material And Methods: The studied population consisted of 228 RET proto-oncogene mutation carriers. Monitoring for the diagnosis of phaeochromocytoma was carried out in all patients with established genetic status. Mean time of follow up was 138 months. Surveillance consisted of periodically performed clinical evaluation, 24-hour urinary determinations of total metanephrines complementary with imaging (CT, MR, MIBG scintigraphy).

Results: Phaeochromocytoma developed in 41 patients (18% of all RET proto-oncogene mutations carriers). The mean age of diagnosis for the whole cohort was 43 years. In eight cases phaeochromocytoma was the first manifestation of the MEN 2 syndrome. Only eight (20%) patients were symptomatic at diagnosis of phaeochromocytoma. The mean size of the tumour was 4.3 cm. There was no extra-adrenal localisation. We observed one case of malignant phaeochromocytoma.

Conclusions: In patients with MEN 2 syndrome phaeochromocytomas are usually benign adrenal tumours with high risk of bilateral development. Taking to account the latter risk and non-specific clinical manifestation of the neoplasm it is mandatory to screen all RET proto-oncogene mutations carriers for phaeochromocytoma.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5603/EP.2016.0008DOI Listing
February 2017
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