Publications by authors named "Agnieszka Kasprzycka"

5 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Biochar addition reinforces microbial interspecies cooperation in methanation of sugar beet waste (pulp).

Sci Total Environ 2020 Aug 23;730:138921. Epub 2020 Apr 23.

Institute of Agrophysics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Doświadczalna 4, 20-290 Lublin, Poland.

Biogas production and microbial community structure were analyzed as an effect of biochar addition to a fermentation sludge containing sugar beet pulp. Positive effects of the treatment including an increase in process efficiency and better biogas quality were noted. The effect of biochar on AD (anaerobic digestion process) microbial communities was investigated after total DNA extraction from biochar-amended fermentation mixtures by PCR amplification of bacterial 16S rRNA gene fragments and Illumina amplicon sequencing. A combination of microbiological and physico-chemical analyses was used to study the mechanism by which biochar influences the process of anaerobic digestion of sugar beep pulp. It was found that the main reason of the changes in biogas production was the reshaping of the microbial communities, in particular enrichment of Bacteroidales and Clostridiales. It was proposed that biochar, in addition to being a conductor for mediating interspecies electron transfer, serves also as a habitat for hydrolytic bacteria. It was elucidated that the main driving force for the preferential colonization of biochar surfaces is its hydrophobicity. The presented research indicates the high potential of biochar to stimulate the methane fermentation process.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.138921DOI Listing
August 2020

Effect of nitrogen fertilization on the production of biogas from sweet sorghum and maize biomass.

Environ Technol 2020 Sep 4;41(21):2833-2843. Epub 2019 Mar 4.

Department of Pathogen Genetics and Plant Resistance, Institute of Plant Genetics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Poznan, Poland.

The aim of the study was to determine the biogas productivity from selected cultivars of sorghum ( Moench) and maize ( L.) depending on the dose of mineral fertilization with nitrogen. The topic is novelty in the northern Poland area due to the fact that this crop is not very widespread here. The silage samples were derived from two experiments: (1) two factors experiment with sorghum varieties (Arbatax, KWS Maja, Herkules) and two doses of mineral nitrogen fertilization (0 and 150 kg haN) in split-plot design. (2) one-factor experiment with fodder maize, variety NK Magitop, and two doses of mineral nitrogen fertilization (0 and 150 kg haN) in a randomized complete block design. The experiment was performed in four replications in the split-plot design. Methane fermentation was carried out under mesophilic conditions. The temperature of the process was 37°C ± 1°C, while pH 7 ± 0.1. The content of total solids in the bioreactor was 7.0%. The composition of the gas produced was measured once a day with the use of an automatic biogas analyser (GFM 416, GasData). The trial was run in triplicate until the daily yield was less than 1% of the cumulative biogas yield [DIN 38 414-S8. Sediments and sediments. Determination of fermentation characteristics; 1985]. Sorghum was characterized by higher average biogas productivity (about 12%), higher methane content in biogas (about 10%), and higher methane productivity (about 43%). It can, therefore, be stated that sorghum represents as an alternative plant to maize for the purpose of biogas production.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09593330.2019.1584251DOI Listing
September 2020

Flammulina velutipes treatment of non-sterile tall wheat grass for enhancing biodegradability and methane production.

Bioresour Technol 2018 Sep 9;263:660-664. Epub 2018 May 9.

Institute of Agrophysics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Doświadczalna 4, 20-290 Lublin, Poland.

In this study fungal pretreatment of non-sterile tall wheat grass via the white rot fungi Flammulina velutipes was studied and the effect on biodegradability of lignocellulosic biomass and methane production, was evaluated. Degradation of lignin, cellulose, hemicellulose, and dry matter in non-sterile tall wheat grass during 28 days of fungal pretreatment using different inoculum ratio (0%-50%) and moisture content (MC) (45% MC, 65% MC, and 75% MC) were assessed via comparison to untreated biomass. Pretreatment with F. velutipes was most effective at 65% MC and 40% inoculum ratio, resulting in 22% lignin removal. The corresponding methane yields were 181.3 Ndm·kg VS, which were 280% higher than for the untreated tall wheat grass.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2018.05.024DOI Listing
September 2018

The dynamics of an anaerobic digestion of crop substrates with an unfavourable carbon to nitrogen ratio.

Bioresour Technol 2016 Sep 31;216:607-12. Epub 2016 May 31.

Department of Anaesthesiology, Medical Centre for Postgraduate Education, Clinical Hospital Adam Gruca, CMKP, Konarskiego Street 13, 05-400 Otwock, Poland.

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of the characteristics of basic crop substrates, such as the carbon, nitrogen, ash and volatile fatty acids contents, on the dynamics of the anaerobic digestion process. For this purpose, the stepwise anaerobic digestion of silage from six different plant species was carried out. Scaled probability distributions (log-normal, log-logistic, logistic, Weibull and Gompertz) were used to approximate the cumulative methane production curves obtained. The results indicated that the Gompertz distribution best fit the process. The hazard function of the Gompertz distribution was used to describe the process change dynamics. Ridge regression models were made and tested to clarify the impact of the crop properties on the distribution parameters. The analysis results indicated that the initial rate of the process depended on the reactor acidity and that the nitrogen content of the substrate was a key factor that affected the process dynamics.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2016.05.122DOI Listing
September 2016

Effect of biological pretreatment of Agropyron elongatum 'BAMAR' on biogas production by anaerobic digestion.

Bioresour Technol 2016 Jan 19;200:194-200. Epub 2015 Oct 19.

Institute of Agrophysics Polish Academy of Sciences, Doświadczalna 4, 20-290 Lublin, Poland.

The aim of this work was to analyze the impact of three different moisture contents (MC), at 45% MC, 65% MC, 75% MC, on the degradation of cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin during fungi treatment by Flammulina velutipes of Agropyron elongatum 'BAMAR' and on biogas production. The analysis of chemical composition shown that F. velutipes had greater selectivity for lignin biodegradation with the highest hemicellulose and lignin removal at 29.1% and 35.4%, respectively, and lowest cellulose removal (20.48%) at 65% MC. F. velutipes cultivated at 65% MC increased biogas production of 398.07Ndm(3)kg(-1)VS(-1), which was 120% higher than the untreated sample. These treatment conditions resulted in 134% more methane yield compared with untreated sample. The results of this study suggested that A. elongatum is a potential biomass for biogas production in agriculture biogas plant and white-rot fungus F. velutipes provides an effective methods for improve biodegradation of A. elongatum.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2015.10.022DOI Listing
January 2016