Publications by authors named "Agata Wdowiak"

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Efficient Photosynthetic Functioning of Through Electron Dissipation in Chloroplasts and Electron Export to Mitochondria Under Ammonium Nutrition.

Front Plant Sci 2020 26;11:103. Epub 2020 Feb 26.

Institute of Experimental Plant Biology and Biotechnology, Faculty of Biology, University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland.

An improvement in photosynthetic rate promotes the growth of crop plants. The sink-regulation of photosynthesis is crucial in optimizing nitrogen fixation and integrating it with carbon balance. Studies on these processes are essential in understanding growth inhibition in plants with ammonium ( ) syndrome. Hence, we sought to investigate the effects of using nitrogen sources with different states of reduction (during assimilation of versus ) on the photosynthetic performance of . Our results demonstrated that photosynthetic functioning during long-term nutrition was not disturbed and that no indication of photoinhibition of PSII was detected, revealing the robustness of the photosynthetic apparatus during stressful conditions. Based on our findings, we propose multiple strategies to sustain photosynthetic activity during limited reductant utilization for assimilation. One mechanism to prevent chloroplast electron transport chain overreduction during nutrition is for cyclic electron flow together with plastid terminal oxidase activity. Moreover, redox state in chloroplasts was optimized by a dedicated type II NAD(P)H dehydrogenase. In order to reduce the amount of energy that reaches the photosynthetic reaction centers and to facilitate photosynthetic protection during nutrition, non-photochemical quenching (NPQ) and ample xanthophyll cycle pigments efficiently dissipate excess excitation. Additionally, high redox load may be dissipated in other metabolic reactions outside of chloroplasts due to the direct export of nucleotides through the malate/oxaloacetate valve. Mitochondrial alternative pathways can downstream support the overreduction of chloroplasts. This mechanism correlated with the improved growth of with the overexpression of the alternative oxidase 1a (AOX1a) during nutrition. Most remarkably, our findings demonstrated the capacity of chloroplasts to tolerate syndrome instead of providing redox poise to the cells.
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February 2020