Publications by authors named "Agata Duczmal-Czernikiewicz"

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Bryozoan carbonate skeletal geochemical composition in the White Sea compared with neighbouring seas.

Mar Environ Res 2022 Jan 7;173:105542. Epub 2021 Dec 7.

Institute of Oceanology Polish Academy of Sciences, Powstańców Warszawy 55, 81-712, Sopot, Poland.

A fundamental question underlying skeletal mineral secretion in marine invertebrates is the extent to which the physico-chemical parameters of seawater (e.g., salinity, temperature) and animal physiology influence their skeletal mineralogy and chemistry. Groups with more complex mineralogies, such as bryozoans, have the ability to actively control their own skeletal composition in response to environmental conditions and could be considered indicators of global environmental change. Thus, this study aims to reveal how the unique environmental conditions of low salinity (circa 24-26), prominent seasonality and semi-isolation of the White Sea (WS) subarctic region caused by the last glaciation (12,000 ya) affect the carbonate skeletal geochemical composition of bryozoans. X-ray diffraction analysis of 27 bryozoan taxa (92 specimens) revealed a completely monomineral calcite composition of skeletons with a mean value of 6.9 ± 1.8 mol% MgCO and moderate variability at the species and family levels. Most specimens (43.5%) precipitated skeletal magnesium within the range of 7-8 mol% MgCO Regional analysis of the mineralogical profile of the White Sea bryozoans shows that they differ statistically from bryozoan species living in the neighbouring Arctic and temperate Scotland regions in terms of magnesium content in calcite (approximately 7 mol% MgCO in the White Sea versus 5 mol% MgCO in other regions). We suggest that the effect of low salinity on magnesium content was compensated by relatively high summer temperature causing rapid growth and calcification and possibly resulted in the increased Mg contents in the White Sea (WS) bryozoans. However, on a local scale (between sampling locations), the influence of temperature and salinity could be excluded as a source of observed intraspecific variability. The concentration of MgCO in skeletons of the studied bryozoans is controlled by other environmental variables or is species-specific and depends on the physiological processes of the organisms.
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January 2022