Afsaneh Bagheri, PhD - University of Tehran - Associate Professor

Afsaneh Bagheri

PhD

University of Tehran

Associate Professor

Tehran | Iran (Islamic Republic of)

Main Specialties: Nursing, Other, Statistics

Additional Specialties: Entrepreneurship, Entrepreneurial leadership, Entrepreneurship education, Gamification and Entrepreneurship,Entrepreneurial competencies, Crowdfunding and entrepreneurship

ORCID logohttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-2986-8001


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Afsaneh Bagheri, PhD - University of Tehran - Associate Professor

Afsaneh Bagheri

PhD

Introduction

Afsaneh Bagheri is associate professor of Entrepreneurship at the Faculty of Entrepreneurship, the University of Tehran where she has been teaching entrepreneurship foundations, entrepreneurship theories, entrepreneurship policy, entrepreneurship teaching and learning, entrepreneurship coaching and mentoring since 2011. she has published several papers on different aspects of entrepreneurship in impact factor and ISI journals and has presented 10 papers in international conferences. Her current research focus is on gamification and entrepreneurship, crowdfunding and entrepreneurship, the learning processes in start-ups and the impact of entrepreneurial leadership on innovation.

Primary Affiliation: University of Tehran - Tehran , Iran (Islamic Republic of)

Specialties:

Additional Specialties:

Research Interests:


View Afsaneh Bagheri’s Resume / CV

Education

Jun 2007
Jun 2011
PhD
Faculty of Educational Studies, Universiti Putra Malaysia
Jun 1997
Jun 2000
MA
Al-Zahra University Iran
Jun 1993
Jun 1996
BA
Al-Zahra Univerisy Iran

Experience

Sep 2019
Visiting academic researcher
Research
Haskayne School of Business, University of Calgary
Nov 2018
Visiting professor
Research,teaching and giving seminars
Faculty of Economics and Management, University of Ferrara, Ferrara, Italy
Oct 2017
VIsiting professor
Research, teaching and giving seminars
Faculty of Economics and Management, University of Ferrara, Ferrara, Italy
Jun 2012
Associate Professor of Entrepreneurship
Teaching, conducting research, supervising students
Faculty of Entrepreneurship, University of Tehran
Jun 2011
Postdoctoral research fellow
Research Fellow
Faculty of Educational Studies, Universiti Putra Malaysia
Jun 2008
Research fellow
Research Fellow
Faculty of Educational Studies, Universiti Putra Malaysia
Jun 2008
Research fellow
Conducting research projects
Faculty of Educational Studies, Universiti Putra Malaysia

Publications

19Publications

16Reads

138Profile Views

Job satisfaction among nurses in Iran: does gender matter?

Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare

Objective: Job satisfaction has attracted increasing attention of scholars of different disciplines in recent years. However, there are limited studies on nurses’ job satisfaction and the impact of gender on nurses’ satisfaction with their job, particularly in Iran as a developing economy. The paper aimed to examine job satisfaction among Iranian nurses. Specifically, this study aimed to explore how Iranian male and female nurses are different in their overall and the dimensions of their job satisfaction.

Methods: The population for this study was nurses who worked in public and private hospitals in Tehran, the capital city of Iran. A sample of 146 nurses in eight different hospitals was selected to participate in this survey using the random sampling method. The sample consisted of 81 female and 65 male nurses. Furthermore, the level of overall job satisfaction among females was low, and the mean score of the dimensions of their job satisfaction was lower than their male
counterparts. Furthermore, according to the independent t-test analysis, the difference between all dimensions of job satisfaction of females and males was significant, except for their satisfaction with the specific job of nursing.

Conclusion: The findings of this study suggested that overall female nurses’ nursing job satisfaction was lower than males in all dimensions except for their satisfaction with their job. Yet, there was no significant difference between female and male nurses in all of the dimensions of their job satisfaction except for their satisfaction satisfaction with their specific nursing job. This finding forms a basis for the development of management principles and practices, specifically
in relation to human resource management in public and private hospitals in Iran.

Keywords: Job satisfaction, gender, nurses, health care system, human resource management, healthcare organizational management, Iran.

Research objectives:

1. Assessing the degree of Iranian nurses’ job satisfaction in public and private hospitals;

2. Examining the differences between female and male nurses’ job satisfaction.


View Article
January 2020

Gamification in Higher Education: Implications to Improve Entrepreneurship Education

Proceedings of the 13th European Conference on Game Based Learning

Last few decades have witnessed the rapid expansion of entrepreneurship education programs due to the critical impact of entrepreneurship on economic development, innovation and employment in both developed and developing countries. Despite applying technological advances in teaching different subjects in higher education, the majority of entrepreneurship education programs still use the traditional teaching methods. Game-based learning, simulation and gamification have recently been suggested as influential methods to improve students’ engagement in and motivation for learning and consequently education programs’ effectiveness. Yet, few studies have been conducted on such methods and entrepreneurship education. This paper aims to highlight these methods as to be effective in entrepreneurship education through a systematic review of the peer-reviewed published articles. We highlight the implications of the findings to improve higher education entrepreneurship programs.

View Article
October 2019
1 Read

Antecedents of innovative work behaviour in healthcare: Does efficacy play a role?

International Journal of Public Sector Management https://www.emerald.com/insight/content/doi/10.1108/IJPSM-12-2018-0267/full/html

Purpose Exploring how to enhance innovative work behaviour (IWB) has been the main concern of top managers and researchers, particularly in knowledge-intensive and public organizations. Yet, studies investigating factors that shape innovative behaviour at work are scarce. Focussing on the healthcare setting, the purpose of this paper is to hypothesize a direct relationship between individuals’ perceived creative self-efficacy (CSE), creative collective efficacy (CCE) and IWB. Design/methodology/approach The research used survey data from 446 clinical managers working in public healthcare organizations in six different Italian regions and a set of previously validated questionnaires to measure the study variables. Findings Findings suggest that clinical managers’ perceptions of their CSE and their perceived CCE significantly influence their self-reported IWB. Research limitations/implications Findings highlight the importance of constructing and developing clinical managers’ efficacy in creativity at both an individual and team level in order to incentivize the emergence of innovation behaviour. Further research is needed to assess the existence of mediating and/or moderating mechanisms underlying the relationships emerging from this study in order to support decision makers in diffusing innovation and creativity in healthcare organizations. Originality/value The research adds to the debate on improving IWB by introducing perceived individual and team creative efficacy as determinants of IWB in healthcare organizations. The research is among the first attempts to contribute to healthcare organizations’ management through exploring clinical managers’ characteristics that influence their IWB.

View Article
October 2019

Crowdfunding motivations: A focus on donors’ perspectives.

Technological Forecasting & Social Change

Crowdfunding has emerged as an effective method to raise fund for new venture creation and success. Nonetheless, our knowledge is limited about motivations for the selection into and financial support of crowdfunding, specifically for donors in charity crowdfunding who do not gain monetary rewards for their contributions. The main purpose of this study is to explore the motivations of individuals who donate money for funding the projects in charity crowdfunding platforms. We analyzed qualitative data derived from the real experiences of 13 donors who were involved in funding charity crowdfunding projects. The findings revealed a combination of intrinsic and extrinsic motivations directed funding behaviour of donors. More specifically, this study suggested a set of intrinsic individual motivations including shared problems, values, thoughts and beliefs, helping a minority, technical knowledge and capacity of the project to learn from and helping to realize ideas and create value that led donations to charity crowdfunding. Furthermore, this research explored contribution to fulfilling collective efforts, perceived effectiveness and few risks of crowdfunding as the intrinsic social motivations for donations to charity crowdfunding projects. Finally, this study contributed solving social problems, improving people's awareness and knowledge about the problems, and creating mobility and action in the people and society to solve the problems as the social extrinsic motivations that regulated donors to financially support charity crowdfunding. The findings are discussed in light of their implications for the development of crowdfunding theory, practice, and research.

Keywords: Crowdfunding; Crowdfunding motivation; Crowdfunding platform; Donors Fundraising

A free 50 copies of this paper is available here:

https://authors.elsevier.com/a/1ZCju98SGenbd

View Article
June 2019
104 Reads

Entrepreneurship research in Iran: A systematic review of the empirical studies.

International Journal of Business Innovation and Research

Abstract: A highly growing body of research has attempted to explore various aspects of entrepreneurship. Yet, there is limited well-organised knowledge on
entrepreneurship research interest areas and gaps in the empirical literature specifically in developing countries including Iran. This study aims to
categorise the main research interests and identify the specific themes and the gaps in the empirical research on entrepreneurship in Iran using the systematic
literature review method. A total of 236 articles on entrepreneurship published between 1995 to 2012 were identified in 74 national and international
academic journals. The findings suggested six main research interest areas of Iranian researches including entrepreneurship education and training,
SMEs, organisational and corporate entrepreneurship, entrepreneurs and entrepreneurship process, entrepreneurship development at rural, national and
international levels and social entrepreneurship and family business. This paper concludes with a systematic summary of the research interests, gaps in the
body of literature and directions for future studies.

Keywords: entrepreneurship research; systematic literature review; SLR; Iran;
entrepreneurship education and training; small and medium-sized enterprises;
SMEs; organisational and corporate entrepreneurship; entrepreneurs;
entrepreneurship process; social entrepreneurship; family business;
entrepreneurship development.

View Article
May 2019
3 Reads

The Impact of Entrepreneurial Leadership on Nurses' Innovation Behavior.

J Nurs Scholarsh 2018 01 12;50(1):28-35. Epub 2017 Oct 12.

Faculty of Entrepreneurship, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of entrepreneurial leadership on nurses' innovation work behavior and its dimensions.

Design And Methods: This cross-sectional study employed the 10-item Innovation Work Behavior Questionnaire and the 8-item Entrepreneurial Leadership Questionnaire to explore the impact of entrepreneurial leadership on the innovation work behavior of 273 nurses from public and private hospitals in Iran.

Findings: Entrepreneurial leadership had a significant positive impact on nurses' innovation work behavior and most strongly improved idea exploration, followed by idea generation, idea implementation, and idea championing.

Conclusions: Entrepreneurial leadership was effective in enhancing nurses' innovation work behavior. More attention needs to be focused on developing entrepreneurial leadership competencies and on developing nurse leaders.

Clinical Relevance: Healthcare policies and strategies are needed to facilitate the implementation of entrepreneurial leadership by providing healthcare leaders with the appropriate environment.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jnu.12354DOI Listing
January 2018
16 Reads
2.630 Impact Factor

The impact of entrepreneurial leadership on innovation work behavior and opportunity recognition in high-technology SMEs.

Authors:
Bagheri A.

Journal of High Technology Management Research

The main purpose of this study is to investigate the influence of entrepreneurial leadership on innovation work behaviour and opportunity recognition of employees in high-technology (high-tech) small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in Iran. This study involved 310 employees from 39 high-tech SMEs. Using validated questionnaires, the participants were asked to evaluate entrepreneurial leadership practices of their business leaders and their own innovation work
behaviour and opportunity recognition. The findings suggest a significant impact of entrepreneurial leadership on innovation work behaviour and opportunity recognition of employees in the high-tech SMEs.

Keywords:
Entrepreneurial leadership
Innovation work behaviour
Opportunity recognition
high-technology SMEs

View Article
June 2017
9 Reads

Competencies of disabled entrepreneurs in Iran: implications forlearning and development.

Disability & Society

This qualitative research set out to explore the competencies of disabled entrepreneurs by presenting their lived experiences in developing their
capabilities to create and manage their own business. The research also aimed to identify the dimensions and components of entrepreneurial
competencies of disabled entrepreneurs. The participants were 16 entrepreneurs with physical and mobility disabilities, four educational
managers of disabled vocational education and rehabilitation centres, and four entrepreneurship academics. Our findings suggested that
disabled entrepreneurs possess specific personal and functional entrepreneurial competencies. Personal competencies include
attitudinal competencies, entrepreneurial self-efficacy and entrepreneurship learning self-efficacy. Functional competencies
encompass entrepreneurial competencies, commitment and social competencies.

KEYWORDS
Disabled entrepreneur;
entrepreneurial
competencies; learning and
development; vocational
education and rehabilitation
programs

View Article
June 2016
181 Reads

Entrepreneurial leadership behaviour amongschool principals: Perspectives from Malaysian secondary school teachers

Pertanika Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities,

Entrepreneurial leadership is a particular leadership behaviour that enables leaders to face the challenges of their tasks and roles in the current environment of organisations. Education scholars believe that this type of leadership empowers educational leaders to meet the diverse needs of students as well as the ever-changing demands of the school environment. However, many questions have been raised on how to measure entrepreneurial leadership behaviour in educational settings and in particular among school principals. The main purpose of this study was to determine Malaysian secondary school principals’ entrepreneurial leadership behaviour through teachers’ perspectives using the Entrepreneurial Leadership Questionnaire. A total sample of 300 school teachers were asked to rate the frequency of entrepreneurial leadership behaviour in their school principals. The data was analysed using Structural Equation Modelling. The results
indicated that the questionnaire is highly valid and reliable to measure school principals’ entrepreneurial leadership behaviour. Furthermore, entrepreneurial leadership is a multidimensional construct that can be explained by five leadership behaviours including general entrepreneurial leader behaviour, explorer behaviour, miner behaviour, accelerator behaviour and integrator behaviour. Implications of the findings are also discussed in this paper.


Keywords: Entrepreneurial leadership, leadership behaviour, school principals, school teachers, Malaysia

View Article
August 2014
1 Read

Entrepreneurial leadership practices and school innovativeness.

South African Journal of Education,

Entrepreneurial leadership is a particular leadership behaviour that enables leaders to face the challenges of their tasks and roles in the current environment of organisations. Education scholars believe that this type of leadership empowers educational leaders to meet the diverse needs of students as well as the ever-changing demands of the school environment. However, many questions have been raised on how to measure entrepreneurial leadership behaviour in educational settings and in particular among school principals. The main purpose of this study was to determine Malaysian secondary school principals’ entrepreneurial leadership behaviour through teachers’ perspectives using the Entrepreneurial Leadership Questionnaire. A total sample of 300 school teachers were asked to rate the frequency of entrepreneurial leadership behaviour in their school principals. The data was analysed using Structural Equation Modelling. The results
indicated that the questionnaire is highly valid and reliable to measure school principals’ entrepreneurial leadership behaviour. Furthermore, entrepreneurial leadership is a multidimensional construct that can be explained by five leadership behaviours including general entrepreneurial leader behaviour, explorer behaviour, miner behaviour, accelerator behaviour and integrator behaviour. Implications of the findings are also discussed in this paper.

Keywords: Entrepreneurial leadership, leadership behaviour, school principals, school teachers, Malaysia

View Article
June 2014

Entrepreneurial leadership practices and schoolinnovativeness.

South African Journal of Education

Entrepreneurial leadership, as a distinctive type of leadership required for dealing with challenges and crises of current organizational settings, has increasingly been applied to improve school performance. However, there is limited research on the impact of school leaders’ entrepreneurial leadership practices on school innovativeness. The main purpose of this study is to identify the relationship between principals’ entrepreneurial leadership practices and school innovativeness through the teachers’ perspectives. The participants included 294 Malaysian secondary school teachers in Selangor, Malaysia. A questionnaire containing 64 items (50 items on school principals’ entrepreneurial leadership practices and 14 items on school innovativeness) was utilized. An analysis of the data indicates that teachers perceive entrepreneurial leadership as highly important for school principals. However, the principals practice it moderately. Furthermore, this study found a significant correlation between teachers’ perceptions of school principals’ entrepreneurial leadership practices and school innovativeness. Implications of the findings for developing school principals’ entrepreneurial leadership and school innovativeness are discussed.

Keywords: educational leadership; entrepreneurial leadership; school improvement; school innovativeness; school principals

View Article
June 2014

The moderating role of gender in shaping students’ entrepreneurialintentions.

International Journal for Educational and Vocational Guidance

This study examines the relationships among attitude toward entrepreneurship, entrepreneurial self-efficacy, subjective norms, social valuation of entrepreneurship, and entrepreneurial intentions and how gender affects the relationships. Structural equation modelling was used to analyze the responses obtained from 719 Malaysian students across five universities. The results suggest gender significantly moderates the relationship between students’ entrepreneurial intention and its antecedents. While entrepreneurial attitude and self-efficacy had greater effects on males’ intentions to become entrepreneurs, entrepreneurial attitude and subjective norms had a stronger impact on females’ entrepreneurial intentions. Furthermore, social valuation of entrepreneurship had an indirect relationship with entrepreneurial intention through self-efficacy and subjective norms.

Keywords Entrepreneurial intention Entrepreneurial attitude Self-efficacy

View Article
June 2014

Students’ entrepreneurial regulation and intention to become anentrepreneur: A comparison between public and private universities

South African Journal of Business Management

Motivation and ability to orient ones' knowledge, thought and behaviour to accomplish entrepreneurial goals and tasks has recently termed as entrepreneurial regulation. Entrepreneurial regulation strongly affects the whole process of new venture creation and specifically entrepreneurial opportunity exploration that is the first step in the entrepreneurship process. However, few researchers examined the construct particularly among potential entrepreneurs such as university
students. This study aims to measure self-regulation (promotion focus), entrepreneurial self-efficacy and intention to become an entrepreneur among university students. 722 students from both public and private universities were randomly selected as the participants based on the assumption that entrepreneurship education and training programs and university environment highly influence the development of entrepreneurial regulation, self-efficacy and intention in students. Analysis of the data revealed a significant relationship between students' promotion focus, entrepreneurial self-efficacy and entrepreneurial intentions. Furthermore, students from public universities had significantly higher entrepreneurial regulation and intentions than their counterparts from private universities. We discuss the implications of the findings for entrepreneurship research, theory development and education.

View Article
June 2013

Entrepreneurial leadership characteristics amongMalaysian university students

Asia Pacific Journal of Education

Developments in entrepreneurial leadership as a distinct area of both research and practice raised many questions about the personal competencies of entrepreneurial leaders that enable them to successfully lead entrepreneurial endeavours. Although identifying entrepreneurs’ specific capabilities has been one of the main focuses of entrepreneurship researchers, our knowledge is limited about personal leadership competencies required in entrepreneurial contexts. This qualitative study aimed to explore the personal competencies of undergraduate student entrepreneurial leaders in four Malaysian universities. Fourteen student entrepreneurial leaders were purposefully selected to participate in this study. Analysis of the semi-structured and in-depth interviews revealed different dimensions of proactiveness and innovativeness as previously identified competencies of entrepreneurial leaders for the student entrepreneurial leaders. Furthermore, love of challenges and versatility emerged as the personal competencies of the students. The implication of the findings and suggestions
for developing entrepreneurial leadership competencies in university students through purposeful interventions are proposed.


Keywords: entrepreneurship; leadership; entrepreneurial leadership competencies;
university students; Malaysia

View Article
June 2013

Self-Efficacy and entrepreneurial intention: The mediation effectof self-regulation.

Vocations and Learning: Studies in vocational and professional education

Abstract Specifying the mechanism through which perceived self-efficacy affects one’s behavior has been one of the main concerns of researchers and educators
particularly in entrepreneurship domain due to the critical role that entrepreneurial self-efficacy plays in motivating and enabling individuals to establish a new venture. This study examines the relationship between entrepreneurial self-efficacy, selfregulation and entrepreneurial intention using Bandura’s structural path model for the constructs. The sample was composed of 722 public and private Malaysian university students. The results revealed that students’ entrepreneurial self-efficacy has the most significant and positive impact on their intention to become an entrepreneur. More specifically, entrepreneurial self-efficacy highly affects students’ entrepreneurial intention both directly and indirectly. Furthermore, self-regulation partially mediates the relationship between entrepreneurial self-efficacy and students’ entrepreneurial intention. Implications of these findings for entrepreneurship research and education are discussed.


Keywords Entrepreneurial self-efficacy . Self-regulation . Entrepreneurial intention .
University students

View Article
June 2013

Entrepreneurial leadership competencies development amongMalaysian university students: The pervasive role of experience and social interaction

Pertanika Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities,

ABSTRACT
Recent developments in entrepreneurial leadership have raised many questions about how to develop entrepreneurial leadership competencies, particularly among university students. This qualitative research attempts to answer some questions on entrepreneurial leadership competencies development
among university students. In more specific, this paper provides deeper insights into the mechanisms through which students learn and develop their entrepreneurial leadership competencies. Fourteen undergraduate students who successfully involved in leading entrepreneurial clubs and projects
in university entrepreneurship programmes were purposefully selected as the participants. Semistructured interviews were then conducted to determine how the participants had developed their entrepreneurial leadership. Our findings revealed that students’ entrepreneurial leadership was developed through a dynamic and continuous process of experiential and social interactive learning. In addition to availability, a variety of leadership experiences and social interactions influence
students’ entrepreneurial leadership learning and development. Meanwhile, implications of the findings to entrepreneurial leadership education and practice, as well as areas for future research are also discussed.


Keywords: Entrepreneurial leadership development, entrepreneurial learning, experiential learning,
social interactive learning, university students

View Article
July 2012

Student entrepreneurial leaders: Challenges and competencies of leading university entrepreneurship programs.

International Journal of Business and Social Science,

Abstract Leading entrepreneurial activities is associated with various uncertainties, complexities, and challenges. However, there has been little discussion on the literature about the specific competencies that enable entrepreneurial leaders to successfully cope with the difficulties and effectively lead their entrepreneurial venturing. The main purpose of this study was to illuminate the challenges and competencies of student entrepreneurial leaders in leading university entrepreneurship programs. Fourteen undergraduate student entrepreneurial leaders defined as having been successfully leading university entrepreneurship clubs and activities for at least two semesters were purposefully selected as the participants. Analysis of semi-structured interviews revealed three critical challenges of student entrepreneurial leaders including their group members’ lack of interest and commitment in entrepreneurial activities, confidence in their entrepreneurial abilities, and differences in their cultural backgrounds. Furthermore, to successfully deal with the challenges, the students were competent in creating a caring interpersonal relationship and teamwork, enabling task delegation, and building confidence of their group members. Implications of the findings for entrepreneurial leadership practice, education, and research and areas for further research are discussed.


Keywords: Entrepreneurial leadership, competencies of entrepreneurial leaders, challenges of entrepreneurial leadership, entrepreneurship education programs, university students.

View Article
July 2011

Entrepreneurial leadership: Towards a model for learning and development.

Human Resource Development International

Recently, entrepreneurial leadership has gained momentum as an emerging paradigm of both research and practice. However, there is not enough knowledge
on the theoretical and conceptual basis of this developing area of inquiry and many questions are raised on how to develop entrepreneurial leadership
competencies specifically in university students. The main purpose of this conceptual paper is to narrow the gap through presenting the theoretical and
conceptual foundations of entrepreneurial leadership. This paper also explains different aspects of entrepreneurial learning in the context of university
entrepreneurship programs and then proposes a model for entrepreneurial leadership development. The proposed model defines entrepreneurial leadership
development based on a dynamic process of experiential, social interactive, observational and reflective learning which provides a foundation for entrepreneurial
leadership practice, education and research.


Keywords: entrepreneurial leadership development; entrepreneurial learning; entrepreneurial competencies; university students

View Article
July 2011

Malay students’ entrepreneurial attitude and entrepreneurial efficacy in Vocational and Technical secondary schools of Malaysia

Pertanika Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities,

Entrepreneurial attitude and entrepreneurial efficacy are considered to be two important factors influencing students’ intention and success in becoming
entrepreneurs. This study was conducted to determine the entrepreneurial attitude and entrepreneurial efficacy of 3000 students following technical subjects in the secondary schools of Malaysia. The findings indicate that students scored high on entrepreneurial attitude components including self-esteem cognition, achievement cognition, and achievement affect. However, students’ mean score for entrepreneurial self-efficacy is moderate to high. This paper also discusses the
importance of intervention programs and proper teaching and learning strategies to improve technical students’ entrepreneurial attitude and self-efficacy.



Keywords: entrepreneurial attitude; entrepreneurial efficacy; technical school students; Malaysia

View Article
July 2011