Publications by authors named "Adrienne M Quinn"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Outcomes after mitral valve repair: A single-center 16-year experience.

J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2017 09 9;154(3):822-830.e2. Epub 2017 Feb 9.

Department of Surgery, Keck School of Medicine of USC, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, Calif.

Objective: To evaluate outcomes after mitral valve repair.

Methods: Between May 1999 and June 2015, 446 patients underwent mitral valve repair. Isolated mitral valve annuloplasty was excluded. A total of 398 (89%) had degenerative valve disease. Mean follow-up was 5.5 ± 3.8 years. Postoperative echocardiograms were obtained in 334 patients (75%) at a mean of 24.3 ± 13.7 months.

Results: Survival was 97%, 96%, 95%, and 94% at 1, 3, 5, and 10 years. Risk factor analysis showed age >60 years and nondegenerative etiology predict death (hazard ratio, 2.91; 95% confidence interval, 1.06-8.02, P = .038; and hazard ratio, 1.87; 95% confidence interval, 1.16-3.02, P = .010, respectively). Considering competing risks due to mortality, the cumulative incidence of reoperation was 2.8%, 4.2%, 5.1%, and 9.6% at 1, 3, 5, and 10 years. Competing risk proportional hazard survival regression identified nondegenerative etiology and previous cardiac surgery as predictors of reoperation, and posterior repair was protective (all P < .05). Cumulative incidence of progression of mitral regurgitation (2 or more grades) with mortality as a competing risk was 4.7%, 10.5%, 21.0%, and 35.8% at 1, 3, 5, and 10 years. Patients with previous sternotomy, repair or coronary artery bypass grafting, and concurrent tricuspid valve procedure or isolated anterior leaflet repair were more likely to develop progression of mitral regurgitation (all P < .05), and posterior leaflet repair was protective (P = .038). On multivariate analysis diabetes, previous coronary artery bypass grafting and concurrent tricuspid valve intervention predicted MR progression.

Conclusions: Mitral valve repair has excellent outcomes. Our results demonstrate failures appear to occur less in those who undergo posterior leaflet repair.
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September 2017

Arsenite accumulation in the mouse eye.

J Toxicol Environ Health A 2016 ;79(8):339-41

a Department of Environmental Health Sciences , Columbia University, Mailman School of Public Health , New York , New York , USA.

Elevated arsenic (As) concentrations in drinking water are a major worldwide public health concern. Exposure to As is associated with carcinogenesis, skin lesions, cardiovascular disease, cognitive deficits, and other disorders. However, little is known regarding chronic As-mediated effects on the eye. Oxidative stress is believed to be an important factor in As-related pathology and is also implicated in certain eye diseases such as cataract. Thus, elevated exposure to arsenic could potentially be a contributing factor for ocular pathology. A pilot study was therefore initiated to determine whether As could be detected in eye tissue of mice exposed to sodium arsenite in drinking water. Total As concentrations were determined by inductively coupled plasma-mass spectroscopy in whole eyes, lens, liver, heart, lung, kidneys, spleen, brain, and hair from mice given 0, 10, 50, or 250 ppm sodium arsenite in their drinking water for 4 wk or 0, 10 or 50 ppm for 6 mo. Dose-dependent increases in As concentration were observed in all organs and tissues. Surprisingly, As concentrations in the eye and lens were significantly higher than those in liver, lung, heart, spleen, and brain and similar to that found in kidneys. The relatively high concentration in the eye, and the lens in particular, suggests As exposure may be a contributing factor in cataract formation in parts of the world where As in drinking water is endemic.
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May 2017