Publications by authors named "Adriano Ferreti Borgatto"

19 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Mat pilates method improve postural alignment women undergoing hormone therapy adjunct to breast cancer treatment. Clinical trial.

Complement Ther Clin Pract 2021 Jun 1;44:101424. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Department of Physical Education at the Center for Health Sciences and Sports and Professor Postgraduate Program in Human Movement Sciences, Santa Catarina State University, Brazil.

The purpose of the study is to analyze the effects of a mat Pilates intervention on the postural alignment and balance of breast cancer women receiving hormone therapy. A two-arm randomized clinical trial included 34 breast cancer survivors divided randomly between a mat Pilates group (n = 18), that performed 16 weeks of mat Pilates exercises, and a control group (n = 16), who were invited to maintain their daily routine activities and received three educational sessions. Data collection occurred at baseline and at post-intervention time. The postural alignment was assessed using the Postural Assessment Software (SAPO) and the balance was assessed by the MINIBESTest. When the two-way ANOVA was performed on postural alignment results, a significant statistical difference was found in the angle between acromions and the anterior-superior iliac spines of the mat Pilates group (p = 0.036). When compared to the post-intervention period, the mat Pilates method had an improved horizontal alignment of the anterior-superior iliac spines (p = 0.039) and vertical alignment of the acromion head on the right side (p = 0,016). Also, the participants of the Pilates group showed a significant statistical difference in the balance (p = 0.034). The control group had an improved vertical trunk alignment on the left side (p = 0,048). The control group and the mat Pilates method group improved in some aspects, however the mat Pilates method was effective in improving the postural alignment and the balance of breast cancer survivors receiving hormone therapy and may be recommended in oncological rehabilitation as a type of complementary therapy.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ctcp.2021.101424DOI Listing
June 2021

Mediating role of screen media use on adolescents' total sleep time: A cluster-randomized controlled trial for physical activity and sedentary behaviour.

Child Care Health Dev 2020 05 15;46(3):381-389. Epub 2020 Feb 15.

Department of Physical Education, Research Centre in Physical Activity and Health, School of Sports, Federal University of Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, Brazil.

Background: The present study aimed to analyse the effect of an intervention for increasing physical activity (PA) and reducing sedentary time on adolescents' total sleep time (TST) and to examine whether the effect on adolescents' TST was mediated by the intervention changes on screen-based sedentary time.

Methods: This study was a school-based cluster-randomized controlled trial conducted with Brazilian adolescents in Grades 7 to 9 (in 2017). Three schools participated in each of the intervention group (IG) and control group (CG). The intervention involved the following three strategies designed to increase PA and reduce sedentary time: (a) teacher training, (b) environmental improvements, and (c) health educational component. TST and screen-based sedentary time (television use, cell phone use, playing on computer/video game, and computer use that is not for gaming purposes) on weekdays and weekends were assessed using a standardized questionnaire. Generalized linear mixed models were conducted to verify the effect of the intervention on TST. Mediation analyses were used to examine the mediator role of changes in screen-based sedentary time in the relationship between the intervention and TST.

Results: Overall, 597 students participated in this study (mean age: 13.0 ± 1.0 years; IG: n = 351; CG: n = 246). The intervention had no effect on TST on weekdays and weekends. Adolescents in the IG were more likely to report ≤2 hr of television viewing per day on weekdays at follow-up. Mediated effects by screen media use were not significant.

Conclusions: The school-based intervention for increasing PA and reducing sedentary time had no effect on adolescents' TST.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cch.12755DOI Listing
May 2020

Smoking among industrial workers in Brazil: association with sociodemographic factors, alcohol consumption, and stress levels.

J Bras Pneumol 2020;46(1):e20180385. Epub 2020 Jan 20.

. Centro de Desportos, Núcleo de Pesquisa em Atividade Física e Saúde, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis (SC) Brasil.

Objective: To determine the prevalence of smoking, as well as its association with sociodemographic factors, alcohol consumption, and stress levels, among industrial workers in Brazil.

Methods: This was a nationwide survey, conducted in 24 capitals in Brazil through the application of a pre-tested questionnaire. The response to the question "What is your smoking status?" was the outcome variable. To determine the associations, we performed Poisson regression analyses in which the inputs were blocks of variables: block 1 (age and marital status); block 2 (level of education and gross family income); block 3 (geographic region); and block 4 (alcohol consumption and stress level). All analyses were stratified by gender.

Results: The sample consisted of 47,328 workers ≥ 18 years of age, of whom 14,577 (30.8%) were women. The prevalence of smoking was 13.0% (15.2% in men and 7.9% in women). Advancing age, alcohol consumption, and a high stress level were positively associated with smoking. A lower risk of smoking was associated with being married, having a higher level of education, and living in the northeastern region of the country (versus the southern region).

Conclusions: The prevalence of smoking was greater in men than in women. Alcohol consumption and high stress levels appear to promote smoking.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1806-3713/e20180385DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7462670PMC
June 2020

Factors associated with depression symptoms in women after breast cancer.

Rev Saude Publica 2019 Apr 1;53:30. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

Universidade do Estado de Santa Catarina. Departamento de Educação Física. Florianópolis, SC, Brasil.

Objective: To analyze the factors associated with the presence of depression symptoms in women after breast cancer.

Methods: Cross-sectional study with 181 women with breast cancer, aged 57.0 years (SD = 9.5), who were undergoing treatment or after treatment in the Oncology Research Center in Florianópolis, state of Santa Catarina, Brazil. The questionnaire comprised items addressing general and health information, economic level, anthropometric measures, depression symptoms (Beck Depression Inventory), self-esteem (Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale), and body image (Body Image After Breast Cancer Questionnaire). Descriptive and inferential statistical analysis were performed by chi-square and Fisher's exact tests to verify association, Mann-Whitney U test to compare the groups and Poisson regression to identify the prevalence ratio of the factors associated with presence of depression symptoms (p < 0.05).

Results: We found an association between the presence of depression symptoms and the group of younger women (aged 40-60 years), those who had another disease besides cancer, those who had mastectomy surgery, those who suffered from lymphedema, and those who presented low-medium self-esteem. Less educated women presented more depressive symptoms, as did women with worse body image on the subscales of limitations, transparency, and arm concerns.

Conclusions: Age, educational attainment, diagnosis of other diseases, type of surgery, lymphedema, self-esteem, and body image were factors associated with the presence of depression symptoms in Brazilian women after breast cancer. Health professionals should be aware of these relationships and try to detect depression symptoms earlier and improve the care they provide to these women.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.11606/S1518-8787.2019053000786DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6474749PMC
April 2019

Association between perception of bodily discomfort and individual and work organisational factors in Brazilian slaughterhouse workers: a cross-sectional study.

BMJ Open 2019 03 1;9(2):e022824. Epub 2019 Mar 1.

Applied Ergonomics Laboratory, Federal University of Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brazil.

Objective: Brazil is the world's second largest poultry meat producer and leading exporter. Many poultry processing tasks are physically demanding and involve factors that increase the risk of developing a work-related musculoskeletal disorder (WMSD). However, little is known about the assessment of bodily discomfort in these workers. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between perception of bodily discomfort and individual and work organisational factors in poultry slaughterhouse workers.

Design: Descriptive, cross-sectional study.

Setting: Three poultry slaughterhouses in the South of Brazil.

Participants: This paper included 925 workers of 3 poultry slaughterhouses, 575 women and 350 men. The selection of the participants was random.

Main Outcome Measure: Workers were asked about individual factors, work organiation, perception of bodily discomfort and cold, as well as ingestion of pain medication. Crude and adjusted ORs were estimated and 95% CIs were derived from binary logistic regression analysis for perception of bodily discomfort.

Results: There was a significant association (p<0.05) between perception of bodily discomfort and female gender (OR=1.77; 95% CI 1.30 to 2.41), performance of repetitive tasks (OR=1.81; 95% CI 1.12 to 2.91) and perception of cold (OR=2.05; 95% CI 1.44 to 2.91).

Conclusions: The findings of this research demonstrated that the sector of occupational safety and health management in poultry slaughterhouses should monitor the symptoms of WMSD among their workers, especially female workers, workers who perform repetitive tasks, as well as those who perform tasks in cold environments because these groups are more likely to experience bodily discomfort.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-022824DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6398803PMC
March 2019

Empirically derived dietary patterns through latent profile analysis among Brazilian children and adolescents from Southern Brazil, 2013-2015.

PLoS One 2019 8;14(1):e0210425. Epub 2019 Jan 8.

Department of Public Health, Center for Health Sciences, Federal University of Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, SC, Brazil.

The aims of this study were to identify dietary patterns (DPs) of children and adolescents participating in three cross-sectional surveys (2013-2015) and to test their associations with sociodemographic variables, physical activity (PAS), screen-based sedentary activity (SA), and weight status. One-day data were obtained from 5,364 schoolchildren (7-12 years) from public schools of Florianopolis (South of Brazil), using the validated questionnaire Web-CAAFE (Food Intake and Physical Activity of Schoolchildren). DPs were derived from the frequency of daily consumption of 32 foods/beverages by latent profile analysis. Multinomial logistic regression analysis was used to estimate the association of the DPs with sociodemographic variables, physical activity, screen activity and weight status. 'Traditional', 'Monotonous', and 'Mixed' DPs were identified. The percentages of children and adolescents within these profiles were 41.3, 36.3, and 22.4%, respectively. Children and adolescents in the highest tertiles of both PAS and daily frequency of SA had a higher probability to present a 'Mixed' DP compared to peers with less PAS and SA. Children and adolescents who reported having a school meal were significantly more likely to present the 'Traditional'DP, while boys who did not report having a school meal had a higher probability to present the 'Monotonous' DP. The DPs were not associated with the year of survey, age, family income, or weight status.
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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0210425PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6324812PMC
October 2019

Benefits of belly dance on quality of life, fatigue, and depressive symptoms in women with breast cancer - A pilot study of a non-randomised clinical trial.

J Bodyw Mov Ther 2018 Apr 12;22(2):460-466. Epub 2017 Oct 12.

Universidade do Estado de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brazil.

Objective: To analyse the influence of belly dance on the quality of life, fatigue, and depressive symptoms in women with breast cancer.

Methods: Pilot study, with a design of non-randomised clinical trial study, analysing 19 women, with 8 allocated in the experimental group and 11 in the control group. The experimental group underwent 12 weeks of belly dance classes, with a frequency of twice a week and duration of 60 min for each lesson. Data collection was made through the use of questionnaires containing general information, quality of life (EORTC QLQ-BR23), fatigue (Piper Fatigue Scale) and depressive symptoms (BECK's Depression Inventory) applied on baseline and after intervention.

Results: The experimental group presented significant improvements after the intervention, with an increase in scores of the functional scale (p = 0.002): body image (p = 0.037) and sexual function (p = 0.027); and a decrease in scores of the symptomatic scale (p = 0.001): systemic therapy side effects (p = 0.005) and arm symptoms (p = 0.001) of quality of life, as well the decrease of fatigue (p = 0.036) and depressive symptoms (p = 0.002). No significant differences were observed in clinical and demographic information at baseline between the experimental and control groups. Also, there was no significant difference on quality of life, fatigue, and depressive symptoms between the two groups.

Conclusion: Belly dance can be a viable form of physical activity for women with breast cancer. It was associated with benefits for quality of life, fatigue, and depressive symptoms. Even though there were significant pre-post treatment differences, there was no significance difference between the experimental and control group; and therefore, treatment could have been due to natural history.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jbmt.2017.10.003DOI Listing
April 2018

Associations Between Caries Experience, Nutritional Status, Oral Hygiene, and Diet in a Multigenerational Cohort.

Pediatr Dent 2016 ;38(3):203-11

Department of Informatics and Statistics, at Federal University of Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brazil.

Purpose: To assess intergenerational associations between dental caries and nutritional status, oral hygiene habits, and diet.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted with three generations of 54 families. Inclusion criteria were senior citizens with an adult son/daughter who also had a child (five to 12 years old). Dental caries was assessed using the decayed, missing, filled, primary teeth (dmft) and permanent teeth (DMFT) indexes. Nutritional status was evaluated using the body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, and percentage of body fat. Dietary habits, oral hygiene habits, and socioeconomic status were evaluated using a structured questionnaire.

Results: Children/adolescents with higher BMI had a lower dmft/DMFT index, and those who never or almost never consumed fruits and vegetables as snacks had a higher dmft/ DMFT index. When parents did not visit the dentist regularly, children/adolescents had more teeth affected by dental caries. When parents consumed sugar two or more times between meals, the number of affected teeth in children/adolescents increased.

Conclusions: When children/ adolescents had a higher body mass index and they consumed fruits/vegetables as snacks more frequently, their caries experiences were lower. When their parents' did not visit the dentist regularly and they consumed sugar between meals more frequently, the children's caries experiences were higher.
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October 2017

Effects of a new walking and cycling route on leisure-time physical activity of Brazilian adults: A longitudinal quasi-experiment.

Health Place 2016 05 1;39:18-25. Epub 2016 Mar 1.

Federal University of Santa Catarina, Center of Sports, Campus Universitário Reitor João David Ferreira Lima, ZIP code: 88040-900, Florianópolis, SC, Brazil. Electronic address:

The primary aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of a new walking and cycling route on leisure-time physical activity (PA) (walking and moderate-to-vigorous PA) of adults. Furthermore, we also investigated the use, intention to use and barriers to use the new route for leisure-time PA. A longitudinal quasi-experiment was carried out. Three exposure groups were defined, based on the distance from home to the new route: 0-500m, 501-1000m and 1001-1500m. Telephone-based interviews were carried out in 2009 and 2012. Those living around the new walking and cycling route increased their leisure-time walking by 15min/week on average. Those residing up to 500m from the route increased leisure-time walking by 30min/week and walking plus moderate-to-vigorous PA by 50min/week. The proportion of people who started walking or practicing moderate-to-vigorous PA during leisure time and who reported intention to use the new route was higher among those living closer to it. Perceived distance was the most prevalent barrier to use the new route.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.healthplace.2016.02.005DOI Listing
May 2016

Development and validation of instrument for ergonomic evaluation of tablet arm chairs.

EXCLI J 2016 7;15:671-686. Epub 2016 Nov 7.

Technological Center, Federal University at Santa Catarina, SC, Brazil; Biomechanic's Laboratory, CDS, Federal University at Santa Catarina, SC, Brazil.

The purpose of this study was to develop and validate an evaluation instrument for tablet arm chairs based on ergonomic requirements, focused on user perceptions and using Item Response Theory (IRT). This exploratory study involved 1,633 participants (university students and professors) in four steps: a pilot study (n=26), semantic validation (n=430), content validation (n=11) and construct validation (n=1,166). Samejima's graded response model was applied to validate the instrument. The results showed that all the steps (theoretical and practical) of the instrument's development and validation processes were successful and that the group of remaining items (n=45) had a high consistency (0.95). This instrument can be used in the furniture industry by engineers and product designers and in the purchasing process of tablet arm chairs for schools, universities and auditoriums.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.17179/excli2016-568DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5318684PMC
November 2016

[Physical inactivity among non-institutionalized elderly individuals: a population-based study].

Cien Saude Colet 2014 Aug;19(8):3489-96

Núcleo de Estudos em Epidemiologia do Envelhecimento, Departamento de Saúde, Universidade Estadual do Sudoeste da Bahia.

The scope of this study is to assess the prevalence of physical inactivity among the elderly in Northeast Brazil and analyze the associated lifestyle and socio-demographic factors and health conditions. The work presented here is a descriptive and association-based study using secondary data derived from a population-based epidemiological study that included 316 elderly participants. The physical activity level of each participant was assessed using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire. The explanatory variables examined in this study were gender, age group, family set-up, ability to read and write, paid or voluntary employment, smoking, symptoms of depression, high blood pressure, fasting hyperglycemia and functional capacity. The prevalence of physical inactivity was 46.5. The results of the multivariate analysis indicated that physical inactivity was positively associated with the age group ≥ 80 years (PR = 2.37), with the lack of an occupation (PR = 4.86) and with dependence on instrumental activities of daily life (PR = 1.47) and basic activities of daily life (PR = 1.60). Physical inactivity was highly prevalent in the surveyed population, making it essential to discuss programs that encourage and enable increased physical activity to combat the risk factors of a sedentary lifestyle.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1413-81232014198.19882013DOI Listing
August 2014

[Analgesics, antipyretics and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs in pediatric prescriptions].

Cien Saude Colet 2013 Dec;18(12):3695-704

The use of analgesic, antipyretic and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs by children more often than not neither have the approval of regulatory agencies nor the endorsement of scientific evidence. Pediatric prescriptions can be influenced by factors that do not promote the rational use of drugs by this category. The objective of this study was to evaluate the use of analgesic, antipyretic and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs in children, considering the public (SUS) and private (N-SUS) sectors. The sample comprised 150 prescriptions (101 SUS and 49 Non-SUS) followed by interviews with the caregivers in eighteen locations (nine private drugstores and nine units of the Unified Health System (SUS). The drugs were prescribed appropriately, by age group, only in 21.8% (SUS) and 29.6% (Non-SUS) prescriptions. Over 95% of prescription, regardless of source, did not meet the established criteria for evaluation of their rational use, with dosage, frequency and duration of treatment errors. The analysis of prescriptions for analgesic, antipyretic and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs for children revealed no significant differences between the public and private sectors.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/s1413-81232013001200025DOI Listing
December 2013

In vitro evaluation of force degradation of elastomeric chains used in orthodontics.

Dental Press J Orthod 2013 Jan-Feb;18(1):55-62

PUC-RS.

Objective: To analyze the in vitro force degradation of four different brands of elastomeric chains: American Orthodontics, Morelli, Ormco and TP Orthodontics.

Methods: The sample consisted of 80 gray elastomeric chains that were divided into four groups according to their respective manufacturers. Chain stretching was standardized at 21 mm with initial force release ranging from 300 g to 370 g. The samples were kept in artificial saliva at a constant temperature of 37°C and the degradation force was recorded at the following time intervals: initial, 1, 3, 5, 7 and 9 hours, and 1, 7, 14, 21, 28, and 35 days.

Results: There was a statistically significant difference between the groups regarding the force degradation, mainly within the first day, as a force loss of 50-55% was observed during that time in relation to the initial force. The force delivered at 35 days ranged from 122 g to 148 g.

Conclusions: All groups showed force degradation over time, regardless of their trademarks, a force loss of 59-69% was observed in the first hour compared to baseline. However, because the variation in force degradation depends on the trademark, studies such as the present one are important for guiding the clinical use of these materials.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/s2176-94512013000100014DOI Listing
May 2014

Implementing DICOM structured reporting in a large-scale telemedicine network.

Telemed J E Health 2013 Jul;19(7):535-41

Post-Graduate Program in Computer Science, Federal University of Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brazil.

Introduction: Large-scale asynchronous telemedicine networks can offer a unique opportunity for the acquisition of detailed epidemiological information if the data are acquired and handled in an appropriate way. In this work, an approach is presented for the integration of medical reports in the Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine (DICOM) Structured Reporting standard in telemedicine networks using structured vocabularies.

Materials And Methods: The use of these structured vocabularies is extended beyond radiology, and a case study in telecardiology is presented. The approach was applied in the context of a real-world statewide public telemedicine network; nowadays on average 470 written electrocardiographic structured reports daily are being performed. Cardiologists provided more than 220,000 written structured reports, and these reports are stored into a central database.

Results: This study was performed during a 12-month period, and it was possible to examine possible associations between a list of co-morbidities and cardiac risk factors with a diagnosis that indicates the presence of cardiac ischemia, cardiac injury, or possible necrosis by using DICOM Structured Reporting. Our application is responsible for coordinating the process of issuance of reports through various technologies and devices. The system works as a library in an HTTP server, which accesses information from studies in DICOM format from the database and from structured vocabularies.

Conclusions: Results indicate that traceability of morbidity, diagnoses, and patient clinical information can be achieved, resulting in an efficient data mining-friendly framework. A multidevice application for Web-based and smartphone-based platforms showed that it is a viable solution for applying the DICOM Structured Reporting standard in telemedicine networks.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/tmj.2012.0103DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3700088PMC
July 2013

Evaluation of mechanical properties of five cements for orthodontic band cementation.

Braz Oral Res 2013 Mar-Apr;27(2):136-41. Epub 2013 Mar 1.

Univ Federal de Santa Catarina - UFSC, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Odontologia, Florianópolis, SC, Brazil.

The aim of this in vitro study was to compare the flexural, compressive and diametral tensile strengths of five cements used in orthodontics for band cementation. Twelve specimens of each cement were tested: 1 - GC Fuji Ortho Band (FJ), GC America Inc.; 2 - Meron (MR), Voco; 3 - Multi-Cure Glass Ionomer Band Cement (MC), 3M Unitek; 4 - Band-Lok (BL), Reliance Orthodontic Products; and 5 - Ketac Cem (KC), 3M ESPE. The results (mean) for diametral tensile strength were: 10.51 MPa (FJ), 9.60 MPa (MR), 20.04 MPa (MC), 42.80 MPa (BL), and 4.08 MPa (KC). The results for compressive strength were (in the same order): 64.50 MPa, 77.71 MPa, 94.21 MPa, 193.88 MPa, and 81.93 MPa. The results for flexural strength were (in the same order): 20.72 MPa, 25.84 MPa, 53.41 MPa, 137.41 MPa, and 20.50 MPa. The statistical analysis was performed by two-way ANOVA and Tukey tests with p-value £ 0.05. In terms of diametral tensile strength, BL showed the highest strength statistically, and MC, the second highest. In terms of compressive tensile strength, BL showed the highest strength statistically, and FJ did not attain the minimum recommended strength. In terms of flexural tensile strength, BL cement was superior to MC, and MR, FJ and KC were equivalent and inferior to BL and MC.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1806-83242013005000002DOI Listing
June 2013

Factors associated with nutritional status of the elderly in two regions of Brazil.

Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) 2012 Jul-Aug;58(4):434-41

Postgraduate Program in Physical Education, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, Brazil.

Objective: To verify the association of nutritional status with sociodemographic factors, lifestyle, and health status in elderly individuals from two cities in different regions of Brazil.

Methods: Cross-sectional epidemiological home-based study, involving 477 and 316 elderly individuals (≥ 60 years) from the towns of Antônio Carlos (AC-SC) and Lafaiete Coutinho (LC-BA), respectively. Nutritional status was verified using the body mass index (BMI). Explanatory variables in the study were gender, age, level of schooling, living arrangements, lifelong occupation, smoking status, alcohol consumption, time spent sitting, hypertension, diabetes, osteoarthritis, respiratory diseases, and medications. Logistic regression analyses were used (crude and adjusted).

Results: Underweight (BMI < 22.0 kg/m(2)) was more frequent among the elderly from LC-BA (28.9% vs. 8.2%), and overweight (BMI > 27.0 kg/m(2)) was more prevalent among individuals from AC-SC (52.8% vs. 28.2%). In AC-SC, underweight was positively associated with older age (≥ 75 years) and smoking, and inversely associated with longer periods spent sitting (≥ 6 hrs/day). Overweight was positively associated with longer periods spent sitting, hypertension, and arthritis, and inversely associated with older age, male gender, working in rural areas, and alcohol consumption. In LC-BA, no explanatory variable was associated with underweight. Overweight was positively associated with hypertension, and inversely associated with individuals aged ≥ 75 years, and with living alone.

Conclusion: Underweight was more prevalent in LC-BA and overweight was more prevalent in AC-SC. Factors associated with nutritional status are specific to each municipality.
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October 2013

[Knowledge level for prescription of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory by dentists in São José dos Campos, São Paulo State, Brazil].

Cien Saude Colet 2010 Jun;15 Suppl 1:1773-82

Departamento de Biociências e Diagnóstico Bucal, UNESP, São José dos Campos, SP, Brazil.

The abusive use of drugs in clinical routine of dentistry represents a problem of public health. Studies have demonstrated that the effectiveness of anti-hypertensive drugs was decreased by the simultaneous use of Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs (NAIDs), mainly in elderly patients with primary hypertension. This study was to evaluate the scientific knowledge of the dentists working at the public health service in São José dos Campos, São Paulo, Brazil. This research characterized the scientific upgrade of the dentists concerning the prescription of NAIDs to hypertensive patients. The methods included a questionnaire filled up by the 92 dentists of the public health service in São José dos Campos. The results were statistically analyzed by the Wald and Fisher Tests to evaluate the probability of statistical associations between the studied issues (p-value<0.05). The results showed that the professional knowledge for prescription of NAIDs for hypertensive patients was insufficient. The pharmacological interactions between NAIDs and anti-hypertensive drugs were almost totally unknown. The conclusion was that the update courses in dentistry skills do not offer enough knowledge for pharmacological practices in dentistry.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/s1413-81232010000700089DOI Listing
June 2010

Arterial hypertension in the elderly of Bridgetown, Barbados: prevalence and associated factors.

J Aging Health 2010 Aug 21;22(5):611-30. Epub 2010 May 21.

Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, Brasil.

Objective: To determine the prevalence of and investigate factors associated with hypertension among elderly Barbadians.

Method: This was a cross-sectional, population-based household survey. A total of 1,508 persons aged 60 and older were examined. The occurrence of hypertension was assessed by the following question: "Do you take any medication for high blood pressure?"

Results: The prevalence of hypertension was 29.9% in men and 45.9% in women. Multivariable analysis (the hierarchical model) showed that alcohol consumption, arthritis, heart attack, and self-reported health presented, in women, an association with hypertension (p < .05). Obesity and diabetes were associated with hypertension in both genders.

Discussion: Sociodemographic variables, sedentary lifestyles, and smoking did not have a noticeable role in the chosen model for the determination of hypertension. Obesity was an especially noteworthy risk factor due to its high prevalence as well as the possibility of the latter being altered through intervention.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0898264310371123DOI Listing
August 2010

Anthropometric measurements in the elderly of Havana, Cuba: age and sex differences.

Nutrition 2009 Jan 2;25(1):33-9. Epub 2008 Oct 2.

Núcleo de Pesquisa em Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brazil.

Objective: We present selected anthropometric data, specific for sex and age group, from a representative sample of elderly subjects living in Havana, Cuba.

Methods: This was a cross-sectional, population-based household survey. A total of 1905 subjects (1197 women and 708 men, > or = 60 y of age) were examined between 1999 and 2000 as selected by probabilistic sampling. Data were presented as means and percentiles for body mass; height or stature; body mass index; waist, arm, and calf circumferences; triceps skinfold thickness; and arm muscle circumference; and differences were described according to age (all variables) and sex (body mass index).

Results: All anthropometric variables showed a decrease in average values with aging in men and women. The age of 70 y appeared to be the decisive moment for the main anthropometric differences observed. The values in the female group were higher than those in the male group for body mass index and triceps skinfold thickness. An important segment of the population studied had a body mass index lower than normal values. Reductions in subcutaneous fat (indicated by triceps skinfold thickness) and muscle mass (verified by arm, arm muscle, and calf circumferences) with advancing age appeared to be greater among women than among men.

Conclusion: The present study provides information that can be used for anthropometric evaluation of elderly people in Havana and other urban areas in Cuba. The observations suggest that there is loss of muscle mass and redistribution and reduction of fat mass with age (that is more severe in women).
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2008.07.007DOI Listing
January 2009
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