Publications by authors named "Adriaan Johannes Taal"

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mr-EBL: ultra-high sensitivity negative-tone electron beam resist for highly selective silicon etching and large-scale direct patterning of permanent structures.

Nanotechnology 2021 Mar 11. Epub 2021 Mar 11.

Department of Electrical Engineering, Columbia University, New York, UNITED STATES.

Electron beam lithography (EBL) is the state-of-the-art technique for rapid prototyping of nanometer-scale devices. Even so, processing speeds remain limited for the highest resolution patterning. Here, we establish mr-EBL as the highest throughput negative tone electron-beam-sensitive resist. The 10µC/cm2 dose requirement enables fabricating a 100 mm2 photonic diffraction grating in a ten minute EBL process. Optimized processing conditions achieve a critical resolution of 75 nm with 3x faster write speeds than SU-8 and 1-2 orders of magnitude faster write speeds than maN-2400 and HSQ. Notably, these conditions significantly differ from the manufacturers' recommendations for the recently commercialized mr-EBL resist. We demonstrate mr-EBL to be a robust negative etch mask by etching silicon trenches with aspect ratios of 10 and near-vertical sidewalls. Furthermore, our optimized processing conditions are suitable to direct patterning on integrated circuits or delicate nanofabrication stacks, in contrast to other negative tone EBL resists. In conclusion, mr-EBL is a highly attractive EBL resist for rapid prototyping in nanophotonics, MEMS, and fluidics.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1361-6528/abededDOI Listing
March 2021