Publications by authors named "Adam Loutfy"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Characterization of American teduglutide consumers from 2015 to 2020: A large database study.

JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr 2021 Jul 21. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Louis Stokes VA Medical Center, Cleveland, Ohio, USA.

Introduction: Teduglutide, a glucagon-like peptide-2 analog, is a novel therapy for intestinal failure that reduces need for parenteral support, especially in patients without a functional terminal ileum or colon. It can also predispose patients to accelerated progression of gastrointestinal (GI) malignancy and fluid overload. We demographically and clinically characterized American patients prescribed teduglutide.

Methods: The Explorys database is an aggregate of deidentified patient data from dozens of US healthcare systems. We used SNOMED classification to identify patients prescribed teduglutide from 2015 to 2019. Through the browse cohort feature we determined the demographics, postsurgical anatomy, comorbidities, and indication for teduglutide use among these patients.

Results: Of approximately 72 million patients, 170 were prescribed teduglutide. A large majority were female (70.6%). Most common etiologies of short-bowel syndrome were intestinal obstruction (52.9%) and Crohn's disease (41.2%). Common postsurgical anatomy included total colectomy (41.2%) and ileostomy. Common incident symptoms included abdominal pain (41.2%) and nausea (23.5%). Thirty (17.6%) patients were prescribed teduglutide despite comorbid heart failure, and 5.9% despite prior GI malignancy. A total of 11.8% of patients had a history of benign GI neoplasms before starting teduglutide. A total of 5.9% of patients had posttreatment formation of colon polyps.

Conclusion: In a large American database, the teduglutide prescription is rare. Only a minority have postsurgical anatomy associated with the most robust response to teduglutide. Serious adverse events appear rare, but a substantial number of patients are at risk for adverse effects because of the presence of comorbid heart failure or GI neoplasm.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
July 2021

Cold versus hot endoscopic mucosal resection for large sessile colon polyps: a cost-effectiveness analysis.

Endoscopy 2021 Mar 29. Epub 2021 Mar 29.

Department of Medicine, University Hospitals, Cleveland, Ohio, USA.

BACKGROUND : For large sessile colorectal polyps (LSCPs), endoscopic mucosal resection without diathermy ("cold endoscopic mucosal resection [EMR]") is gaining popularity because of its safety advantages over conventional EMR ("hot EMR"). Polyp recurrence rates have been reported to be higher with cold EMR. Considering these differences, we performed a cost-effectiveness analysis of these two techniques. METHODS : A decision analysis model was constructed for EMR of an LSCP. The decision tree incorporated the EMR method, clip use, procedural mortality, adverse events and their management, and polyp recurrence. Outcomes included days of lost productivity and marginal cost difference. Adverse event and recurrence rates were extracted from the existing literature, giving emphasis to recent systematic reviews and randomized controlled trials. RESULTS : Through 30 months of follow-up, the average cost of removing an LSCP by cold EMR was US$5213, as compared to $6168 by hot EMR, yielding a $955 cost difference (95 % confidence interval $903-$1006). Average days of lost productivity were 6.2 days for cold EMR and 6.3 days for hot EMR. This cost advantage remained over several analyses accounting for variations in recurrence rates and clip closure strategies. Clip cost and LSCP recurrence rate had the greatest and the least impacts on the marginal cost difference, respectively. CONCLUSION : Cold EMR is the dominant strategy over hot EMR, with lower cost and fewer days of lost productivity. In theory, a complete transition to cold EMR for LSCPs in the USA could result in an annual cost saving approaching US$7 million to Medicare beneficiaries.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
March 2021

Locally advanced colon cancer resulting in en bloc right hemicolectomy and pancreaticoduodenectomy: case report and review of literature.

J Surg Case Rep 2018 May 18;2018(5):rjy100. Epub 2018 May 18.

General Surgery, West Virginia University, United Hospital Center, Bridgeport, WV 26330, USA.

Locally advancement of right colon cancer to the surrounding organs requiring surgical intervention is an extensive procedure associated with numerous risks. There are not many cases of which this phenomenon may occur. En bloc pancreaticoduodenectomy and resection of involved viscera should be considered for patients who can appropriately undergo this exhaustive surgery. Our objective is to report the experience we had with this patient who underwent an en bloc pancreaticoduodenectomy and right hemicolectomy and review literature. Our method was a retrospective review of a patient with colon cancer.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
May 2018