Publications by authors named "Abram Bailey"

3 Publications

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Hearing aid acquisition and ownership: what can we learn from online consumer reviews?

Int J Audiol 2021 Jun 13:1-10. Epub 2021 Jun 13.

Department of Speech and Hearing Sciences, Lamar University, Beaumont, TX, USA.

Objective: To explore the publicised opinions of consumers actively participating in online hearing aid reviews.

Design: A retrospective design examining data generated from an online consumer review website ( Qualitative data (open text responses) were analysed using the open source automated topic modelling software IRaMuTeQ ( to identify themes. Outputs were compared with quantitative data from the consumer reviews (short response questions exploring hearing aid performance and benefit, and some meta-data such as hearing aid brand and years of hearing aid ownership).

Study Sample: 1378 online consumer hearing aid reviews.

Results: Six clusters within two domains were identified. The domain Device Acquisition included three clusters: The domain Device Use included three clusters: ; and .

Conclusions: Although online hearing aid consumers indicate positive performance on multiple-choice questions relating to hearing aid performance and benefit, their online reviews describe a number of barriers limiting their success. Hearing healthcare clinicians must employ a personalised approach to audiological rehabilitation to ensure individual clients' needs are met.
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June 2021

Media Use by Older Adults With Hearing Loss: An Exploratory Survey.

Am J Audiol 2020 Jun 29;29(2):218-225. Epub 2020 Apr 29.

Department of Otolaryngology, Hearing and Balance Research Unit, University of Tampere, Finland.

Objectives There has been a substantial increase in people with health conditions seeking health-related information online. The aim of this study was to examine the media usage by older adults with hearing loss. Method The study used a cross-sectional survey design. A total of 556 older adults with hearing loss (Hearing Tracker website users) completed the survey that was focused on (a) demographic information, (b) general electronic media usage, (c) sources of hearing health information, and (d) social media use for hearing health information. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and chi-square tests. Results When seeking hearing health care information, the majority of the participants turned to the Internet (54%) followed by health professionals (34%) as the first response to their symptoms. Both sources were also rated as the easiest means of obtaining hearing health information. The information from health care providers was rated as more reliable and important for decision making than that from the Internet. Facebook and YouTube were the most frequently used social media platforms with over 40% of the respondents using them "most of the time" or "sometimes." All the social media platforms were rated less favorably than other sources for ease of finding information, reliability, and importance in decision making. Conclusion Older adults with hearing loss use various forms of electronic media for seeking hearing health information. They place the most trust on the information obtained from hearing health care professionals. These professionals need to be aware of the quality of information available on the Internet and social media sources in order to direct patients to credible sources. Supplemental Material
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June 2020

Negative Side Effects Associated with Hearing Aid Use in Adults with Hearing Loss.

J Am Acad Audiol 2019 06 25;30(6):472-481. Epub 2018 Sep 25.

Department of Behavioral Sciences and Learning, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.

Background: The low uptake of hearing aids in the United States has been attributed to a number of reasons, including low perceived hearing disability, limited perceived benefit and cost. Another possible reason may be related to negative side effects associated with hearing aid use.

Purpose: The present study was aimed at determining and classifying the negative side effects associated with hearing aid use in adults with hearing loss.

Research Design: The study used a cross-sectional survey design.

Study Sample: Five hundred and twelve participants completed an electronic survey.

Data Collection And Analysis: The data was collected using the negative side effects of hearing aids (NSE-HAs) questionnaire. Data were analyzed using Chi square analysis, principal components analysis, and calculation of Cronbach's alpha.

Results: Some individuals reported negative side effects for all 32 items. However, careful examination of results suggests that, as a whole, reported negative side effects tend to be mild with mean scores falling close to the lower quartile of the total scores. Chi square test results suggest that the variables of age, gender, duration of hearing loss, self-reported hearing disability, and duration of hearing aid use seem to be significantly associated with the reported negative side effects. The NSE-HAs questionnaire was found to have a complex structure as indicated by the principal components analysis. However, good internal consistency was found in both the full scale and subscales.

Conclusions: The present study suggests that, although a large number of adults with hearing loss who use hearing aids experience some degree of negative side effects, those effects tend to be mild.
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June 2019