Publications by authors named "Abhilash Gavarraju"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Study protocol of a randomised controlled trial of prostate radiotherapy in high-risk and node-positive disease comparing moderate and extreme hypofractionation (PRIME TRIAL).

BMJ Open 2020 02 28;10(2):e034623. Epub 2020 Feb 28.

Division of Uro-Oncology, Tata Memorial Centre, Mumbai, India.

Introduction: There has been an interest in studying the efficacy of extreme hypofractionation in low and intermediate risk prostate cancer utilising the low alpha/beta ratio of prostate. Its role in high-risk and node-positive prostate cancer, however, is unknown. We hypothesise that a five-fraction schedule of extreme hypofractionation will be non-inferior to a moderately hypofractionated regimen over 5 weeks in efficacy and will have acceptable toxicity and quality of life while reducing the cost implications during treatment.

Methods And Analysis: This is an ongoing, non-inferiority, multicentre, randomised trial (NCT03561961) of two schedules for National Cancer Control Network high-risk and/or node-positive non-metastatic carcinoma of the prostate. The standard arm will be a schedule of 68 Gy/25# over 5 weeks while the test arm will be extremely hypofractionated radiotherapy with stereotactic body radiation therapy to 36.25 Gy/5# (7 to 10 days). The block randomisation will be stratified by nodal status (N0/N+), hormonal therapy (luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone therapy/orchiectomy) and centre. All patients will receive daily image-guided radiotherapy.The primary end point is 4-year biochemical failure free survival (BFFS). The power calculations assume 4-year BFFS of 80% in the moderate hypofractionation arm. With a 5% one-sided significance and 80% power, a total of 434 patients will be randomised to both arms equally (217 in each arm). The secondary end points include overall survival, prostate cancer specific survival, acute and late toxicities, quality of life and out-of-pocket expenditure.

Discussion: The trial aims to establish a therapeutically efficacious and cost-efficient modality for high-risk and node-positive prostate cancer with an acceptable toxicity profile. Presently, this is the only trial evaluating and answering such a question in this cohort.

Ethics And Dissemination: The trial has been approved by IEC-III of Tata Memorial Centre, Mumbai.

Trial Registration Number: Registered with CTRI/2018/05/014054 ( on 24 May 2018.
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February 2020

Post-treatment lymphocytopaenia, integral body dose and overall survival in lung cancer patients treated with radical radiotherapy.

Radiother Oncol 2019 06 20;135:115-119. Epub 2019 Mar 20.

Division of Cancer Sciences, Faculty of Biology, Medicine and Health, The University of Manchester, UK; The Christie NHS Foundation Trust, Manchester, UK.

Introduction: Post-treatment lymphocytopaenia is a recognized complication of thoracic radiotherapy likely due to irradiation of a large volume of circulatory blood. We hypothesize that post-treatment absolute lymphocyte count (ALC) is associated with integral body dose and overall survival (OS) in lung cancer patients treated with radical radiotherapy.

Materials And Methods: Data on clinicopathological variables, dosimetric parameters, and pre and post-treatment blood counts were collected retrospectively in 217 lung cancer patients (131 with non-small cell lung cancer and 86 with small cell lung cancer) treated with radical radiotherapy. Induction chemotherapy followed by radiotherapy and concurrent chemoradiotherapy were delivered in 89 (42%) and 99 (47%) patients respectively. Multiple stepwise regression analysis was performed separately for ALC and absolute neutrophil count (ANC) to derive a model for prediction of post-treatment count and multivariate analysis was performed for OS using a Cox regression model.

Results: There was a significant decline in post-treatment counts for both ANC and ALC (p < 0.001). Multiple stepwise linear regression analysis confirmed pre-treatment ALC, body integral dose and use of concurrent chemotherapy as significant predictors of post-treatment ALC (R = 0.33, F(4,212) = 26.6 p < 0.001). Pre-treatment ANC, integral heart dose and number of fractions were significant predictors of post-treatment ANC (R = 0.18, F(3,213) = 16.38 p < 0.001). Low post-treatment ALC, high pre-treatment ANC, high planning target volume integral dose and lower number of fractions were predictive of inferior OS.

Conclusions: There is a negative correlation between integral body dose and post-treatment ALC which is an adverse prognostic factor in lung cancer patients treated with radical radiotherapy.
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June 2019