Publications by authors named "Abel Blancas-Cabrera"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

From field sampling to pneumatic bioreactor mycelia production of the ectomycorrhizal mushroom Laccaria trichodermophora.

Fungal Biol 2020 Mar - Apr;124(3-4):205-218. Epub 2020 Feb 21.

Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, A.P. 70-233, Ciudad de México, C.P. 04510, Mexico. Electronic address:

In order to increase survival rates of greenhouse seedlings destined for restoration and conservation programs, successful mycorrhization of the seedlings is necessary. To reforest forest ecosystems, host trees must be inoculated with ectomycorrhizal fungi and, in order to guarantee a sufficient supply of ectomycorrhizal inoculum, it is necessary to develop technologies for the mass production of ectomycorrhizal fungi mycelia. We selected the ectomycorrhizal fungus Laccaria trichodermophora, due to its ecological traits and feasible mycelia production in asymbiotic conditions. Here, we report the field sampling of genetic resources, as well as the highly productive nutritional media and cultivation parameters in solid cultures. Furthermore, in order to achieve high mycelial production, we used strain screening and evaluated pH, carbon source concentration, and culture conditions of submerged cultures in normal and baffled shake flasks. The higher productivity culture conditions in shake flasks were selected for evaluation in a pneumatic bioreactor, using modified BAF media with a 10 g/L glucose, pH 5.5, 25 °C, and a volumetric oxygen transfer coefficient (Ka) of 36 h. Under those conditions less biomass (12-37 %) was produced in the pneumatic bioreactor compared with the baffled shake flasks. This approach shows that L. trichodermophora can generate a large biomass concentration and constitute the biotechnological foundation of its mycelia mass production.
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April 2021

Scale-up from shake flasks to pilot-scale production of the plant growth-promoting bacterium Azospirillum brasilense for preparing a liquid inoculant formulation.

Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 2013 Nov 6;97(22):9665-74. Epub 2013 Sep 6.

Departamento de Biología Molecular y Biotecnología, Instituto de Investigaciones Biomédicas, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, AP. 70228, Mexico, D.F., 04510, Mexico,

Azospirillum brasilense has industrial significance as a growth promoter in plants of commercial interest. However, there is no report in the literature disclosing a liquid product produced in pilot-scale bioreactors and is able to be stored at room temperature for more than 2 years. The aim of this work was to scale up a process from a shake flask to a 10-L lab-scale and 1,000-L pilot-scale bioreactor for the production of plant growth-promoting bacterium A. brasilense for a liquid inoculant formulation. Furthermore, this work aimed to determine the shelf life of the liquid formulation stored at room temperature and to increase maize crops yield in greenhouses. Under a constant oxygen mass transfer coefficient (K L a), a fermentation process was successfully scaled up from shake flasks to 10- and 1,000-L bioreactors. A concentration ranging from 3.5 to 7.5 × 10(8) CFU/mL was obtained in shake flasks and bioreactors, and after 2 years stored at room temperature, the liquid formulation showed one order of magnitude decrease. Applications of the cultured bacteria in maize yields resulted in increases of up to 95 % in corncobs and 70 % in aboveground biomass.
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November 2013