Publications by authors named "Abdulaziz M Alahmadi"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Protective effects of Ajwa date extract against tissue damage induced by acute diclofenac toxicity.

J Taibah Univ Med Sci 2019 Dec 27;14(6):553-559. Epub 2019 Nov 27.

Department of Pharmacognosy and Pharmaceutical Chemistry, College of Pharmacy, Taibah University, Almadinah Almunawwarah, KSA.

Objectives: To investigate the tissue-protective effects of Ajwa date fruits (a Prophetic medicinal remedy) against acute diclofenac toxicity.

Methods: Albino Sprague-Dawley rats were allocated to four experimental groups: a negative control group, an Ajwa-only group that received 2 g/kg of Ajwa date extract (ADE) orally, an acute diclofenac toxicity group that received 200 mg diclofenac once intraperitoneally, and a treatment group that received diclofenac and ADE after 4 h. Histological examinations of rat lung and liver tissues were performed.

Results: Acute diclofenac toxicity caused marked hepatic derangements, such as congested central veins, congested blood sinusoids, hyaline degeneration, and hepatocyte necrosis. Toxic diclofenac overdose resulted in markedly congested alveolar capillaries and alveolar haemorrhages, thick edematous alveolar walls, and edema fluid exudates in the alveoli. Upon treatment with ADE, significant reduction in diclofenac-induced hepatic and pulmonary derangements were observed.

Conclusion: ADE is a safe, tissue-protective nutritional agent that alleviates cellular and tissue-damaging effects due to acute diclofenac toxicity. ADE relieved hepatic and pulmonary changes induced by acute diclofenac toxicity. The use of ADE is recommended for the treatment of acute diclofenac toxicity.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtumed.2019.10.002DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6940670PMC
December 2019

Gastroprotective and antioxidant effects of fluvoxamine on stress-induced peptic ulcer in rats.

J Taibah Univ Med Sci 2018 Oct 31;13(5):422-431. Epub 2018 May 31.

College of Medicine, Taibah University, Almadinah Almunawwarah, KSA.

Objectives: Stress-induced peptic ulcer disease (SPUD) refers to erosions in the mucosa of the upper gastrointestinal tract that are caused by stress. Some antidepressants are reported to have antioxidant and antiulcer effects. However, histopathological and biochemical evaluation of the anti-ulcer activity of a comparable antidepressant, fluvoxamine, has not been adequately investigated. This study aims to determine the anti-ulcer efficacy of fluvoxamine in reducing stress-induced histopathological and biochemical changes in the gastric mucosa.

Methods: Thirty adult male albino rats were divided into three groups of 10 rats each: the control groups, the SPUD group, and the fluvoxamine-pre-treated group, which received fluvoxamine for eight days before stress exposure. The cold-restraint stress method was used to induce stomach ulcers in the SPUD and fluvoxamine groups. Afterward, the stomachs of rats were removed, opened, and ulcer indices were calculated. Light microscopy was performed following haematoxylin and eosin staining, periodic acid Schiff's, Masson's trichrome staining, and proliferating cell nuclear antigen immunostaining. Gastric tissue levels of oxidative stress markers were measured and compared among groups.

Results: The stomachs of the fluvoxamine-treated rats showed a significantly lower number of ulcers with minimal mucosal injury compared with those of rats from the SPUD group. The oxidative stress marker levels and SPUD ulcer indices were significantly different among groups.

Conclusion: Fluvoxamine pre-treatment exerted a gastroprotective effect against ulcer development and promoted healing of the developed lesions.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtumed.2018.04.010DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6708076PMC
October 2018