Publications by authors named "Abdul Munaf Sultan Ahamed"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Impact of biological and artificial seminal fluids on sperm parameters and DNA status in asthenozoospermic ejaculates.

Andrologia 2021 Jun 4;53(5):e14018. Epub 2021 Mar 4.

Research and Clinical Center for Infertility, Yazd Reproductive Sciences Institute, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran.

The chemical composition and physiological properties of seminal fluid (SF) affect sperm quality. The objective was to investigate the effects of in vitro exposure of artificial seminal fluid (ASF) and biological seminal fluid (SF) on sperm quality. Asthenozoospermic ejaculates (n = 20) were divided into two aliquots. The first aliquot was centrifuged for obtaining asthenozoospermic SF. The second aliquot was processed with density gradient centrifugation (DGC), and the pellet was diluted separately with following media: (a) ASF; (b) Ham's F10; (c) normozoospermic SF; and (d) asthenozoospermic SF. Sperm parameters and DNA status were assessed after DGC, as well as 2 and 24 hr after incubation. The data showed that sperm progressive motility, viability and DNA integrity were significantly higher in ASF than Ham's F10 medium immediately after DGC. At 2 and 24 hr, the progressive motility was significantly decreased in biological SF compared with ASF and Ham's F10. DNA fragmentation index (DFI) was significantly lower in normozoospermic SF than asthenozoospermic SF and Ham's F10 at time 2 hr. In conclusion, normal SF showed the protective role on sperm DNA structure. Moreover, ASF preserved sperm motility better than biological SF during 24 hr, despite being similar to normal SF regarding DNA integrity preservation in short time.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/and.14018DOI Listing
June 2021

Microfluidic sperm selection yields higher sperm quality compared to conventional method in ICSI program: A pilot study.

Syst Biol Reprod Med 2021 Apr 15;67(2):137-143. Epub 2021 Jan 15.

Research and Clinical Center for Infertility, Yazd Reproductive Sciences Institute, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran.

An appropriate preparation technique, should be capable of isolating highquality spermatozoa for intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). The aim was to assess sperm quality parameters, DNA integrity, embryo development, and clinical outcomes using a practical and accessible Microfluidic Sperm Sorting (MSS) technique. A total of 95 ICSI cases performed using sperm samples were prepared with our MSS (group 1) or by Direct Swim Up (DSU; control) method (group 2). Both sperm quality parameters and sperm DNA fragmentation (SDF) were compared between the groups. DNA fragmentation was assessed using Sperm Chromatin Dispersion (SCD) test and fine morphology was assessed using Motile Sperm Organelle Morphology Examination (MSOME). Embryo development and clinical outcomes were compared between the groups. In the MSS group, progressive motility and the fraction of Class I sperm morphology sperm were significantly higher compared to DSU group (P < 0.01 and P < 0.001, respectively). Moreover, the rates of DNA fragmentation and immotile spermatozoa were significantly lower in MSS when compared to DSU group (P < 0.001). Also, higher rates of high-quality embryo formation (P < 0.001), implantation (P = 0.04) and pregnancy (P = 0.05) were achieved in the MSS compared to DSU groups. The MSS technique proved to be a noninvasive, disposable, easy to use, and inexpensive method for separation of high-quality spermatozoa. Both laboratory parameters and clinical outcomes were improved with application of MSS for neat sperm collection in ICSI.ICSI: Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection; MSS: Microfluidic Sperm Sorting; Sperm DNA Fragmentation (SDF); SCD: Sperm Chromatin Dispersion; MSOME: Motile Sperm Organelle Morphology Examination; DGC: Density Gradient Centrifugation; DSU: Direct Swim Up; ROS: Reactive Oxygen Species; ART: Assisted Reproducetive Technology.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/19396368.2020.1837994DOI Listing
April 2021