Publications by authors named "Abdelfetah Lalioui"

5 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Functional and radiological outcome after forearm plating in children and adolescent fracture.

Acta Orthop Belg 2021 Mar;87(1):143-149

The literature on forearm overgrowth after plating in traumatic conditions is relatively poor though this technique can be useful when intra-medullary nailing is not sufficient in pediatric cases. The goal of this study was to assess a potential overgrowth after plating and identify impact on function. We conducted a retrospective study of all pediatric patients who underwent open surgery of the radius and/or ulna diaphysis with internal fixation by plating, in our institution, between October 2013 and July 2019. At last follow-up, functional and radiological outcomes were compared between the operated and uninjured forearm. Range of motion (ROM) of the wrist and elbow, clinical scores, radial and ulnar length were measured. A positive bone length discrepancy of more than 2mm was considered as an overgrowth. Were also studied the radio-ulnar index, radial inclination and radiocarpal angle. Thirteen patients were included. The mean age was 12.1 years old (±3.0 years), they were plated on the radius (10 cases) or on the ulna (3 cases). Mean follow- up was 4.4 years (± 1.8). In two cases, the plated bone (radius) was significantly longer than the uninjured one. There was no significant difference regarding radio-ulnar index, radial inclination and radiocarpal angle. The only statistically significant difference between the operated and uninjured forearm was the pronation/supination range, which was greater in the uninjured forearm (mean 160 ±48° versus 175 ±49°, p=0.01). This study confirms the good functional and radiological outcomes after plating even in a skeletally immature forearm. Level of evidence : IV.
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March 2021

Divergent Intramedullary Nailing (DIN): A Modified Intramedullary Nailing Technique to Treat Paediatric Distal Tibial Fractures.

J Pediatr Orthop 2019 Nov/Dec;39(10):e773-e776

Department of Pediatric Orthopaedics, University Hospital of Bordeaux, France.

Introduction: Elastic stable intramedullary nailing (ESIN) allows for efficient reduction and stabilization of fractures of the tibial shaft in children and adolescents. However, for fractures of the distal third of the tibia, traditional ESIN could be inappropriate, thus compromising the stability and the healing of the fracture. The aim of this study was to present and to assess a new technique of modified ESIN to treat fracture of the distal third of the tibia, called divergent intramedullary nailing (DIN).

Methods: We performed a retrospective monocentric study. All patients less than 16 years old, managed in our pediatric orthopaedics department, and operated upon according to the DIN technique for a displaced and/or unstable fracture of the distal third of the tibia were included. Demographic and surgical data were collected. X-rays were performed preoperatively, postoperatively, at 6 weeks, and every 6 months. The surgical technique starts as does the classic ESIN. However, nails are not curved, so that they cross only once at the proximal part of the tibia; they are divergent and supported by the medial and lateral distal part of the tibial shaft. This allows for reduction and stabilization of the fracture.

Results: A total of 13 patients were included, with a mean age of 10 years and a mean follow-up of 32 months. The size of the nail varied between 2.5 and 4 mm. The mean surgical time was 54 minutes. The DIN technique provided a satisfying reduction (coronal and sagittal angulation <3 degrees) for the 13 fractures. In addition, there was no secondary displacement at 6 weeks. All patients were healed at 6 months, with no clinical torsion or axis malalignment.

Conclusions: The current study confirms the feasibility and the efficiency of the DIN method to treat fracture of the distal third of the tibia.
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January 2020

Efficacy, pain, and overall patient satisfaction with pediatric upper arm fracture reduction in the emergency department.

Orthop Traumatol Surg Res 2019 05 6;105(3):513-515. Epub 2019 Mar 6.

Department of Pediatric Surgery, Hopital Pellegrin-Enfants, CHU Bordeaux, Bordeaux, France.

Introduction: Immediate closed reduction and cast immobilization performed under sedation in the emergency room is the mainstay management for most isolated displaced or angulated upper limb fractures in children. We aimed to determine if this approach is safe, effective and if patients, parents and staff are satisfied with this approach.Our working hypothesis was this management provides a high satisfaction rate.

Patients And Methods: Between January 2017 and October 2017 we included 118 children presenting with upper arm fractures amenable to closed reduction under our institutional analgesia protocol. Children received 0.4mg/kg of Oramorph oral solution, they were then evaluated 40minutes later, and if their Face Legs Activity Cry Consolability (for children under 16 years-old) and/or Visual Analog Scale (for children over 6 years-old) were under 4, they underwent closed reduction by an orthopaedic resident under Nitrous oxide. If their pain assessment scale was above 4, they received an extra 0.4mg/kg of Oramorph oral solution and underwent closed reduction 40minutes later under nitrous oxide. These children were managed without hospitalization, as outpatients. Children>6, families and nursing staff were also given a visual satisfaction scale (using a 1-10 score) just before being discharged from the ER in order to evaluate their experience.

Results: Closed reduction in the ER was judged satisfactory from an orthopedic point-of-view in 115 cases (97.6%). Parents, children and the nursing team gave the experience in the ER an average satisfaction score of 9 out of 10.

Conclusion: ER reduction is not only safe and effective but is also associated with a high satisfaction rate amongst children, their families and the nursing staff.
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May 2019

Optimal postoperative immobilisation for supracondylar humeral fractures.

Orthop Traumatol Surg Res 2018 09 25;104(5):645-649. Epub 2018 May 25.

Service de chirurgie pédiatrique, CHU de Bordeaux, site Pellegrin, place Amélie Raba-Leon, 33076 Bordeaux, France.

Background: Supracondylar humeral fractures (SCHFs) are very common in paediatric patients. In France, percutaneous fixation with two lateral-entry pins is widely used after successful closed reduction. Postoperative immobilisation is typically with a long arm cast combined with a tubular-bandage sling that immobilises the shoulder and holds the arm in adduction and internal rotation to prevent external rotation of the shoulder, which might cause secondary displacement. The objective of this study was to compare this standard immobilisation technique to a posterior plaster splint with a simple sling.

Hypothesis: Secondary displacement is not more common with a posterior plaster splint and sling than with a long arm cast.

Material And Methods: One hundred patients with extension Gartland type III SCHFs managed by closed reduction and percutaneous fixation with two lateral-entry pins between December 2011 and December 2015 were assessed retrospectively. Postoperative immobilisation was with a posterior plaster splint and a simple sling worn for 4 weeks. Radiographs were obtained on days 1, 45, and 90.

Results: Secondary displacement occurred in 8% of patients. No patient required revision surgery.

Discussion: The secondary displacement rate was comparable to earlier reports. Of the 8 secondary displacements, 5 were ascribable to technical errors. The remaining 3 were not caused by rotation of the arm and would probably not have been prevented by using the tubular-bandage sling.

Conclusion: A posterior plaster splint combined with a simple sling is a simple and effective immobilisation method for SCHFs provided internal fixation is technically optimal.

Level Of Evidence: IV retrospective observational study.
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September 2018

Neonatal gastric outlet obstruction by isolated pyloric atresia, an often forgotten diagnosis.

Acta Chir Belg 2016 Apr;116(2):89-95

e Department of Pediatric Surgery , Tours University Hospital - Hopital Clocheville, 49 boulevard Béranger , 37044 Tours , France.

Background: Pyloric atresia (PA) is a rare condition, and may be misdiagnosed and especially confused for duodenal atresia pre-operatively. We looked for clues to avoiding pre-operative misdiagnosis and hence allow the best neonatal medical and surgical management.

Methods: A retrospective case-note review was carried out of the five patients managed in four centres with the diagnosis of isolated PA. We focused on antenatal ultrasound findings, postnatal clinical and radiological features, operative findings, surgical procedures and outcomes.

Results: Four patients had polyhydramnios and one double bubble sign on antenatal ultrasound. After birth, non-bilious vomiting and upper abdominal distension were the main symptoms. Gastric decompression showed non-bilious gastric fluid. Radiological findings were a large gastric air bubble with no gas beyond in all cases. The diagnosis of duodenal atresia was postulated at first in all cases. The diagnosis of PA was established peroperatively. One patient referred late, died 13-day post-operatively of cardiopulmonary failure secondary to a severe pneumonia that may be related to aspiration syndrome. Outcomes were otherwise satisfactory.

Conclusions: Even though it is a rare diagnosis, PA has a specific clinical and radiological presentation underlined here that should be kept in mind when managing a neonate with a gastric outlet obstruction.
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April 2016