Publications by authors named "Abdallah Sanda"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

COVID-19 in children: a case series from Nigeria.

Pan Afr Med J 2020 28;35(Suppl 2):53. Epub 2020 May 28.

Department of Community Medicine Amadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria.

Introduction: The global spread of COVID-19 remains unabated in the past few months with a rise in the number of available literature on the novel virus. There are very few paediatric studies and are mainly from developed countries with a paucity of information on the clinical manifestation of COVID-19 disease in African children, including Nigeria.

Methods: We described the clinical presentation, laboratory findings, treatment and outcome in a group of five Nigerian children managed at a COVID-19 isolation and treatment centre in Nigeria.

Results: We managed a total of five children with an age range of 3 months to 8 years in the last four weeks (16th April to 15th May 2020). Three of the five children were males. All the children had close contact with family members that tested positive for COVID-19. Out of the five children, one had moderate disease, three had mild symptomatic disease, and one was asymptomatic. Two out of the five children had lymphocytosis. Out of the four children who had chest radiograph, two had features of pneumonia.

Conclusion: COVID-19 is not uncommon in Nigerian children, and all had a confirmed family member with COVID-19. Besides, contrary to leucopaenia with lymphopaenia observed in the adult's population, we found lymphocytosis in this cohort and about 50.0% had pneumonic changes on chest radiograph.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.11604/pamj.supp.2020.35.2.23597DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7875722PMC
March 2021

Epidemiology of COVID-19 and Predictors of Outcome in Nigeria: A Single-Center Study.

Am J Trop Med Hyg 2020 Dec 26;103(6):2376-2381. Epub 2020 Oct 26.

Department of Pediatrics, University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital, University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Nigeria.

There is a paucity of information regarding the epidemiology and outcome of COVID-19 from low/middle-income countries, including from Nigeria. This single-center study described the clinical features, laboratory findings, and predictors of in-hospital mortality of COVID-19 patients. Patients admitted between April 10, 2020 and June 10, 2020 were included. Forty-five patients with a mean age of 43 (16) years, predominantly male (87%), presented with fever (38%), cough (29%), or dyspnea (24%). In-hospital mortality was 16%. The independent predictors of mortality were hypoxemia (adjusted odds ratio [aOR]: 2.5; 95% CI: 1.3-5.1) and creatinine > 1.5 mg/dL (aOR: 4.3; 95% CI: 1.9-9.8).
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.20-0759DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7695094PMC
December 2020

Role of GeneXpert MTB/Rif Assay in Diagnosing Tuberculosis in Pregnancy and Puerperium.

Case Rep Infect Dis 2015 3;2015:794109. Epub 2015 Aug 3.

Infectious & Tropical Diseases Unit, Department of Medicine, Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, PMB 3452, Kano 700233, Kano State, Nigeria ; College of Health Sciences, Bayero University, Kano, PMB 3011, Kano 700241, Kano State, Nigeria.

Presentation of tuberculosis (TB) in pregnancy may be atypical with diagnostic challenges. Two patients with complicated pregnancy outcomes, foetal loss and live premature delivery at 5 and 7 months of gestation, respectively, and maternal loss, were diagnosed with pulmonary TB. Chest radiography and computed tomography showed widespread reticuloalveolar infiltrates and consolidation with cavitations, respectively. Both patients were Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) seronegative and sputum smear negative for TB. Sputum GeneXpert MTB/Rif (Xpert MTB/RIF) was positive for Mycobacterium tuberculosis. To strengthen maternal and childhood TB control, screening with same-day point-of-care Xpert MTB/RIF is advocated among both HIV positive pregnant women and symptomatic HIV negative pregnant women during antenatal care in pregnancy and at puerperium.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/794109DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4538769PMC
September 2015
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