Publications by authors named "Abdallah Gameel"

4 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

HSP70 as a Diagnostic and Prognostic Marker in Egyptian Women With Breast Cancer.

Clin Breast Cancer 2020 Nov 13. Epub 2020 Nov 13.

Clinical Pathology Department, National Cancer Institute, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt.

Background: Heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) is a significant cellular stress response protein that has intrinsic and extrinsic pathways to protect cells against apoptosis. It is one of the most induced proteins in cancer cells. The aim of the present study is to investigate the significant role of the HSP70 expression in Egyptian patients with breast cancer (BC) and its potential to be as a diagnostic and prognostic marker.

Materials And Methods: HSP70 was examined in 155 cases in this prospective study; patients were subdivided into 3 groups: 60 patients with malignant metastatic disease, 60 patients with malignant non-metastatic disease, and 35 patients with benign lesions as control. HSP70 expression was detected using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and immunohistochemistry (IHC).

Results: Most cases of breast cancer expressed HSP70 in both serum (98.3%) and tumor tissue (90%). A strong positive correlation was found between HSP70 IHC and ELISA (r = 0.811). The mean HSP70 levels, as detected in both patients' serum by ELISA and tumor tissue by IHC, was significantly higher in patients with BC than in benign cases (P = .001). HSP70 was significantly higher in patients with metastatic BC than in those with non-metastatic BC (P = .001). HSP70 showed positive correlation with tumor size (pT stage) and number of lymph node metastases (P ≤ .001).

Conclusion: HSP70 is over-expressed in patients with metastatic and non-metastatic BC than in benign cases. A high level of HSP70 either in patient's serum or in tumor tissue correlated significantly with advanced disease in patients with BC. This present study suggests that HSP70 can serve as a BC biomarker for early screening, diagnosis, and follow-up.
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November 2020

Acute lymphoblastic leukemia-like treatment regimen provides better response in mixed phenotype acute leukemia: a comparative study between adults and pediatric MPAL patients.

Ann Hematol 2021 Mar 23;100(3):699-707. Epub 2020 Nov 23.

Clinical Pathology Department, National Cancer Institute, Cairo University, Foum elkhalig Sq., Cairo, Egypt.

Mixed phenotype acute leukemia (MPAL) is a rare type of leukemia with a limited number of studies conducted to characterize its clinical spectrum and most importantly the best treatment modality. MPAL blasts show more than one phenotype either myeloid/monocytic with T- or B-lymphoid or extremely rare triple lineage associated phenotypic markers. This study aimed to characterize MPAL cases with special emphasis on comparing adult and pediatric age groups, exploring treatment regimens, and clinical outcome. Among 2571 acute leukemia patients, 102 MPAL cases fulfilling the 2008/2016 WHO diagnostic criteria of MPAL were recruited in the study. The incidence of MPAL was 4% of acute leukemia patients. Pediatric cases were 54 (53%) while adults were 48/102 (47%). Myeloid/B-lymphoid phenotype was found in 86/102 (84%), with BCR-ABL fusion gene transcript detected in 14/102(13.7%) patients. ALL-like treatment showed better response rates as compared with the myeloid based regimen (p = 0.001). MPAL behaves in a manner that resembles in clinical features, their lymphoid progenitor counterpart leukemias both in adults and pediatric patients with superior treatment response to ALL-like regimen, especially in adults.
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March 2021

Low expression of miR-204 is associated with expression of CD34 and poor performance status in denovo AML.

Int J Lab Hematol 2020 Jun 12;42(3):263-269. Epub 2020 Feb 12.

Department of Clinical pathology, National Cancer Institute, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt.

Introduction: Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is the most common acute leukemia in adults. There is growing evidence that microRNAs (miRNAs) provide prognostic information in AML. MiR-204 has a tumor suppressor function, and several studies have proven its role in solid cancers. The aim of this work is to evaluate the level of expression of miR-204 in adults newly diagnosed with AML with normal karyotype and to correlate its level of expression with disease outcome and different prognostic factors.

Patients And Methods: The study included 87 adult patients newly diagnosed with AML. Detection of miR-204 was done using RT-PCR in patients and seven age-matched controls.

Results: Acute myeloid leukemia patients showed significantly lower miR-204 expression, compared to control group (P = .029). Low miR-204 expression was significantly associated with positive CD34 (P = .017), with poor performance status (PS) (P = .009), and with the presence of diabetes mellitus (DM) (P = .014). Low expression of miR-204 was also significantly associated with shorter overall survival (OS) (P = .020) and disease-free survival (DFS) (P = .013). Low miR-204 expression was identified as an independent prognostic factor for prediction of shorter OS (P = .034) and DFS (P = .027) in AML.

Conclusion: To the best of our knowledge; this is the first time to prove the correlation between miR-204 expression and CD34 expression. Further study of this correlation is needed to confirm the role of miR-204 in CD34-positive cells, including leukemic stem cells. This correlation may have therapeutic implications. MiR-204 can be used as a biomarker for PS in AML patients.
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June 2020

The impact of cytokine gene polymorphisms on the outcome of HLA matched sibling hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.

Cytokine 2018 10 24;110:404-411. Epub 2018 May 24.

Medical Oncology Department, National Cancer Institute, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt; Bone Marrow Transplantation Unit, Nasser Institute Hospital for Research and Treatment, Cairo, Egypt.

Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) is the major complication of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT); cytokines are recognized as important mediators in its pathogenesis. In this study we investigated the role of cytokine gene polymorphisms on HSCT outcome. A total of 106 patient and 98 donors were genotyped by polymerase chain reaction sequence specific primers (PCR-SSP) based assay for tumor necrosis factor-α-308 (TNFα -308), interleukin (IL)-6-174, IL-10-1082, -819, -592, Interferon-γ+874 (IFN-γ+874), and transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) codon10 and 25 polymorphisms. Except one in each category, all patients and donors were TNFα -308 high producers and the majority were IL-6-174 high producers (93.3% and 90.8% respectively); a pattern that would alleviate any potential biological impact. Patient's IFN-γ+874 showed significant association with the development of chronic GVHD. Patients with IFN-γ +874 high producer showed an 8 folds likelihood to develop chronic GVHD as compared to those with IFN-γ+874 low producer predicted phenotype (95% CI: 1.59-40.2, p = 0.01). Patient's TGFβ1-codon 10 and 25 high/intermediate producers showed a lower incidence of acute GVHD though it did not achieve statistical significance (p = 0.065) on account of the low frequency of this genotype in our patients and donors (11.4 and 8.2% respectively). Other factors contributing to risk of GVHD included older age for both acute and chronic (p = 0.01 and 0.02 respectively) with age 24 as the best discriminating cutoff; CD34+ cell dose for chronic GVHD (p = 0.045) with a dose of 8 × 10/kg as the best discriminating cutoff; and conditioning regimen with Flu/Bu associated with the lowest incidence of acute GVHD (p = 0.003) and no impact on chronic GVHD. In conclusion the current study further indicates a potential role of some cytokine gene polymorphisms in the development of GVHD. The relative distribution of high and low producer genotypes in different ethnic groups contributes to their biological impact in different populations.
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October 2018