Publications by authors named "Abdallah Ahmed Abdallah"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Relationship of serum vitamin D levels with coronary thrombus grade, TIMI flow, and myocardial blush grade in patients with acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction.

Egypt Heart J 2020 Nov 23;72(1):84. Epub 2020 Nov 23.

Department of Cardiology, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt.

Background: Vitamin D deficiency is a prevalent condition that is found in about 30-50% of the general population, and it is increasing as a new risk factor for coronary artery disease. Our study aimed to evaluate the relationship of serum vitamin D levels with coronary thrombus burden, Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction flow grade, and myocardial blush grade in patients managed by primary percutaneous coronary intervention for their first acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction.

Results: Eighty patients were included in the study with their first acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction and were managed by primary percutaneous coronary intervention. According to the serum concentrations of vitamin D, the study population was divided into 2 groups: group A with abnormal vitamin D levels less than 30 ng/ml (50 patients) and group B with normal vitamin D levels equal to or more than 30 ng/ml (30 patients). Angiographic data was recorded before and after coronary intervention. On comparing thrombus grade and initial and post-procedural Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction flow between both groups of patients, there was no significant difference (p = 0.327, p = 0.692, p = 0.397). However, myocardial blush grade was better in patients with normal vitamin D levels (p = 0.029) without a significant correlation between vitamin D concentration values and myocardial blush grade (r = 0.164, p = 0.146).

Conclusions: Patients with first acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction and normal vitamin D levels undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention had better myocardial blush grade and more successful microvascular reperfusion in comparison with patients with abnormal vitamin D levels. There was no significant difference between the normal and abnormal vitamin D groups regarding the coronary thrombus grade and Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction flow.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s43044-020-00118-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7683648PMC
November 2020

Feasibility and accuracy of real-time three-dimensional echocardiography in evaluating the aortic valve in children.

Egypt Heart J 2020 Jan 7;72(1). Epub 2020 Jan 7.

Cardiology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Ain Shams University Hospital, Cairo, Egypt.

Background: Aortic valve assessment by 2D transthoracic echocardiography is a relatively complex task owing to the unique anatomical features of the left ventricular outflow tract and its dynamic nature. We aimed to evaluate the accuracy of 3D transthoracic echocardiography [3D TTE] in assessing the aortic valve in children.

Results: The first group included 11 males and six females, with a mean age of 5.76 ± 6.39 years. All of these patients had aortic valve disease with a bicuspid variant. The second group included seven males and seven females, with a mean age of 4.4 ± 4.05 years. All of these patients had normal aortic valve morphology and had another congenital cardiac anomaly. The aortic valve annulus was assessed using the three modalities; 2D, 3D echocardiography in the vertical and horizontal diameters, and angiography. The aortic valve area was measured by 2D and 3D echocardiography using multiplane reformatted mode. The results of the analysis were then compared. They revealed that 3D echocardiographic measurement of the aortic annulus (horizontal diameter) correlated better with angiography than 2D and 3D (vertical diameter) echocardiographic measurements. There was a significant difference between the aortic valve area measured by 2D echocardiography and that measured by 3D echocardiography among the two groups, 2D echocardiography seems to underestimate the true aortic valve area.

Conclusion: The study concluded that 3D TTE with multiplane reformatted mode allows a more accurate assessment of the aortic valve when compared to 2D echocardiography and this correlates better with the angiographic findings.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s43044-019-0037-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6946771PMC
January 2020
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