Publications by authors named "Abbas Nowroozy Javidan"

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Lithium inhibits the development of physical dependence to clonidine in mice.

Pharmacol Toxicol 2002 Feb;90(2):89-93

Department of Pharmacology, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Iran.

Based on our previous finding that chronic lithium treatment reduced naloxone-precipitated withdrawal syndrome in morphine-treated mice, the effect of chronic lithium treatment was evaluated on the development of dependence to clonidine. Dependence was induced by injection of either morphine (50, 50 and 75 mg/kg, intraperitoneally with 3 hr interval for 3 consecutive days), or clonidine (2 mg/kg/day, intraperitoneally for 10 days). Naloxone (4 mg/kg, intraperitoneally) precipitated withdrawal signs in both morphine- and clonidine-treated mice. Yohimbine (5 mg/kg, intraperitoneally) precipitated withdrawal signs in the clonidine-treated mice, similar to morphine withdrawal signs; but failed to precipitate any significant sign in the morphine-treated mice. Coadministration of lithium was carried out by adding lithium chloride to drinking water (600 mg/l for 20 days; 10 days before the beginning of clonidine administration and 17 days before the administration of morphine to allow the lithium concentration to reach steady-state). The results indicated that chronic lithium administration significantly attenuated the withdrawal signs, precipitated either by yohimbine or naloxone, in clonidine-treated mice. As a conclusion, clonidine withdrawal signs are very similar to opioid withdrawal signs, and lithium is able to prevent the development of physical dependence to clonidine.
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February 2002