Publications by authors named "Abasad Gharedaghi"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

The Role of Systemic Steroids in Postintubation Tracheal Stenosis: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

Ann Thorac Surg 2017 Jan 29;103(1):246-253. Epub 2016 Jul 29.

Tracheal Diseases Research Center (TDRC), National Research Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases (NRITLD), Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Electronic address:

Background: Most patients with postintubation tracheal stenosis are not ideal candidates for airway resection at presentation and their airways must be temporarily kept open by repeated bronchoscopic dilation (RBD). Meanwhile, some sufficiently recover by RBD without further airway resection requirement. We hypothesized whether systemic corticosteroids could lengthen RBD intervals, decrease the number of patients who eventually need airway resection, and shorten the required length of airway resection.

Methods: Between February 2009 and November 2012, a randomized double-blind clinical trial with a 1:1 ratio (corticosteroids group [group C], prednisolone 15 mg/day; placebo group [group P]) was conducted on 120 patients without tracheostomy or T tube and in no ideal situation for airway resection at presentation, whose precipitating injury had occurred recently. All underwent RBD until they became asymptomatic or prepared for airway resection. Asymptomatic patients received the capsules (prednisolone or placebo) for 6 months; others discontinued them before surgery. Those requiring RBD at short intervals underwent tracheostomy or T tube placement and were then excluded. Follow-up terminated 6 months after airway resection or capsule discontinuation.

Results: There were 105 patients (72 male; 50 in group C), aged 15 to 64 years, who completed their follow-up. There was no significant difference between the two groups in age, sex, history of tracheostomy, intubation cause and duration, time interval between intubation and initial bronchoscopy, length of stenosis, and subglottic involvement. Our study showed a trend for RBD with longer intervals (22 days), and fewer operations, 17% (28 of 50 versus 40 of 55) in group C, although statistically insignificant. Furthermore, the required airway resection length became significantly shorter (5.3 mm) in group C.

Conclusions: Early low-dose systemic corticosteroids can be beneficial in postintubation tracheal stenosis management.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.athoracsur.2016.05.063DOI Listing
January 2017

Serum and tissue endothelin-1 are independent from intima-media thickness of peripheral arteries in patients with chronic kidney disease.

Vascular 2015 Aug 22;23(4):382-90. Epub 2014 Sep 22.

Department of Radiology, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

Aim: We aimed to study the relationship of peripheral arteries' atherosclerosis with serum and tissue endothelin-1 in chronic kidney disease patients.

Methods: Ninety patients were enrolled, including 35 patients with chronic kidney disease (case group), 31 patients with coronary artery diseases who were candidates for coronary artery bypass grafting (positive control group), and 24 living kidney donors (negative control group). Intima-media thickness of the common carotid and femoral arteries was determined by ultrasonography. Serum and tissue endothelin-1 were measured by ELISA method.

Results: The mean serum and tissue endothelin-1 levels in the donor group were significantly lower than other groups (p < 0.001 for both). The coronary artery bypass grafting group had higher carotid and femoral intima-media thickness than other groups (p < 0.001), and the chronic kidney disease group had higher carotid and femoral intima-media thickness than the donor group (p < 0.001). Regression analysis in all groups did not reveal any correlation between the carotid intima-media thickness/femoral intima-media thickness and the serum/tissue endothelin-1. There was a direct linear correlation between the carotid and femoral intima-media thickness (p < 0.001) in all groups.

Conclusions: Endothelin-1 level and intima-media thickness were higher in the chronic kidney disease patients and coronary artery bypass grafting candidates, without any correlation between endothelin-1 and peripheral arteries' intima-media thickness of both groups. Perhaps endothelin-1 rises and remains high upon endothelial damage and initiation of atherosclerosis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1708538114551195DOI Listing
August 2015