Publications by authors named "Aastha Miranpuri"

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Demographic, circadian, and climatic factors in non-aneurysmal versus aneursymal subarachnoid hemorrhage.

Clin Neurol Neurosurg 2013 Mar 6;115(3):298-303. Epub 2012 Jul 6.

Department of Neurological Surgery, School of Medicine and Public Health, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53792, USA.

Background: Although, the relationship of spontaneous subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) to climatic or circadian factors has been widely studied, epidemiologic, circardian and climatic factors in non-aneurysmal SAH (naSAH), particularly perimesencephalic SAH (PMH), has not been reported before.

Objective: For the first time, demographic, climatic, and circadian variables are examined together as possible contributing factors comparing aSAH and naSAH.

Methods: We reviewed records for 384 patients admitted to University of Wisconsin Neurosurgery Service from January 2005 to December 2010 with spontaneous non-traumatic SAH. Patients were grouped as aSAH (n=338) or naSAH (n=46) on clinical and radiological criteria. PMH (n=32) was identified as a subgroup of naSAH based on radiological criteria. We logged demographic data, time of SAH, temperature at onset and atmospheric pressure at onset. The three subgroups were compared.

Results: Aneurysmal SAH occurred most often from 6am to 12pm (p<0.001); this correlation was not found in naSAH or PMH subgroups. Demographic analysis demonstrated predominance of female gender (p=0.008) and smoking (p=0.002) in aSAH, with predominance of hypercholesterolemia in naSAH (p=0.033). Atmospheric pressure, correlated with aSAH in the main county referral area, where we had detailed weather data (p<0.05); however, there was no weather correlation in the entire referral region taken together. Multivariate analysis supported a statistical difference only in smoking status between aSAH and naSAH groups (p=0.0159).

Conclusion: Statistical differences in gender, smoking status, and history of hypercholesterolemia support a clinical distinction between aSAH and naSAH. Furthermore, circadian patterning of aSAH is not reproduced in naSAH, supporting pathophysiologic differences. Only smoking status provides a robust difference in aSAH and naSAH groups. Our data prompt further investigation into the relationship between aSAH and atmospheric pressure.
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March 2013