Publications by authors named "A Vestri"

179 Publications

How lockdown measures, during COVID-19 pandemic, matter on psoriatic patient's perception: Study on 600 patients on biologic therapy.

J Infect Public Health 2021 Jul 1;14(7):878-882. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Dermatology Unit "D. Innocenzi", Polo Pontino, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy.

Background: The outbreak of coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) is a public health crisis of global proportion. In psoriatic patients treated with biologic agents, evidence is not yet available on susceptibility to infection with the novel SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus, and data about the perception of COVID-19 and its impact on these patients are lacking.

Aims: The aim of this observational, spontaneous study was the evaluation of the impact of anti COVID-19 measures in "fragile population" such as patients with a chronic inflammatory disease. Thus, we evaluated the impact of perceived risk on quality of life of patients with moderate to severe psoriasis, in our outpatient clinic, and how their perceptions changed before and after the adoption of Covid-19 emergency measures following the Italian Ministerial Decree in March 9, 2020.

Methods: Using a series of questions, our study surveyed adult patients with moderate to severe psoriasis receiving treatment with biologic agents (n = 591), before and after the adoption of COVID-19 emergency measures.

Results: Most patients (97%) had been sufficiently informed by healthcare staff about COVID-19 spread. A significant change was observed in social activity reduction before and after the adoption of the measures (18% vs. 90% of patients; P < 0.0001). Similarly, patients were more likely to suspend ongoing therapy after the measures were adopted than before (87% vs. 34% of patients; P < 0.0001). Following the measures, older patients were significantly more inclined to suspend therapy and reduce social activities than younger patients.

Conclusions: Government COVID-19 emergency measures further curtailed already reduced social activities in psoriatic patients, and led to a greater inclination to suspend biologic therapy, more so in older patients, despite there being no evidence to support this suspension. These vulnerable patients may need support from clinicians in order to maintain treatment adherence.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jiph.2021.03.010DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8015377PMC
July 2021

Impact of Prior Antibiotic Use in Primary Care on Resistance to Third Generation Cephalosporins: A Case-Control Study.

Antibiotics (Basel) 2021 Apr 16;10(4). Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Department of Medical Sciences and Public Health, Faculty of Medicine and Surgery, University of Cagliari, 09124 Cagliari, Italy.

Research is lacking on the reversibility of antimicrobial resistance (AMR). Thus, we aimed to determine the influence of previous antibiotic use on the development and decay over time of third generation cephalosporin (3GC)-resistance of . Using the database of hospital laboratories of the Autonomous Province of Bolzano/Bozen (Italy), anonymously linked to the database of outpatient pharmaceutical prescriptions and the hospital discharge record database, this matched case-control study was conducted including as cases all those who have had a positive culture from any site for 3GC resistant (3GCREC) during a 2016 hospital stay. Data were analyzed by conditional logistic regression. 244 cases were matched to 1553 controls by the date of the first isolate. Male sex (OR 1.49, 95% CI 1.10-2.01), older age (OR 1.11, 95% CI 1.02-1.21), the number of different antibiotics taken in the previous five years (OR 1.20, 95% CI 1.08-1.33), at least one antibiotic prescription in the previous year (OR 1.92, 95% CI 1.36-2.71), and the diagnosis of diabetes (OR 1.57, 95% CI 1.08-2.30) were independent risk factors for 3GCREC colonization/infection. Patients who last received an antibiotic prescription two years or three to five years before hospitalization showed non-significant differences with controls (OR 0.97, 95% CI 0.68-1.38 and OR 0.85, 95% CI 0.59-1.24), compared to an OR of 1.92 (95% CI 1.36-2.71) in those receiving antibiotics in the year preceding hospitalization. The effect of previous antibiotic use on 3GC-resistance of is highest after greater cumulative exposure to any antibiotic as well as to 3GCs and in the first 12 months after antibiotics are taken and then decreases progressively.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/antibiotics10040451DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8073604PMC
April 2021

Diagnostic Value of Persistently Low Positive TGA-IgA Titers in Symptomatic Children With Suspected Celiac Disease.

J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 2021 05;72(5):712-717

Pediatric Gastroenterology and Liver Unit, Maternal and Child Health Department.

Objectives: While the algorithm to diagnose celiac disease (CD) in children with elevated anti-transglutaminase IgA (TGA-IgA) titers (>10 times upper limit of normal, ULN) is well defined, the management of children with low TGA-IgA values represents a clinical challenge. We aimed to identify the diagnostic value of persistently low positive TGA-IgA titers in predicting CD in children.

Methods: We retrospectively analyzed children with symptoms or signs of CD, not eligible for a no-biopsy approach. We included children with at least 2 TGA-IgA measurements, endomysial antibody (EMA) assessment and esophagogastroduodenoscopy with biopsies. TGA-IgA values were provided as multiples of ULN. Patients were classified in groups according to median TGA-IgA values: A (TGA-IgA>1 ≤ 5 × ULN; defined as "low-positive"), B (TGA-IgA > 5 < 10 × ULN; "moderate-positive"), and C (controls).

Results: Data of 281 children were analyzed. Of 162 children in group A, CD was diagnosed in 142 (87.7%), whereas normal duodenal mucosa was found in 20. In group B, all 62 children (100%) received a CD diagnosis. Group C included 57 controls. EMA were undetectable in 31 (15%) of mucosal atrophy cases. On the receiver-operating characteristic curve (area under the curve = 0.910), a mean value of 1.7 ULN showed a sensitivity of 81.4% and specificity of 81.8% to predict mucosal damage.

Conclusions: Repeated low or moderate TGA-IgA values (<5 ULN or <10 ULN) are good predictors of a CD diagnosis. Symptomatic children with persistently low positive TGA-IgA titers should undergo esophagogastroduodenoscopy regardless of their EMA status.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MPG.0000000000003047DOI Listing
May 2021

SERS Biosensor Based on Engineered 2D-Aperiodic Nanostructure for In-Situ Detection of Viable Bacterium in Complex Matrix.

Nanomaterials (Basel) 2021 Mar 31;11(4). Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Institute of Applied Sciences and Intelligent Systems "E. Caianiello" of CNR, 80078 Pozzuoli, Italy.

is a foodborne pathogen globally affecting both the economy and healthcare. Surface Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy (SERS) nano-biosensing can be a promising strategy for its detection. We combined high-performance quasi-crystal patterned nanocavities for Raman enhancement with the use of covalently immobilized Tbilisi bacteriophages as high-performing bio-receptors. We coupled our efficient SERS nano-biosensor to a Raman system to develop an on-field phage-based bio-sensing platform capable of monitoring the target bacteria. The developed biosensor allowed us to identify in milk by our portable SERS device. Upon bacterial capture from samples (10 cells), a signal related to the pathogen recognition was observed, proving the concrete applicability of our system for on-site and in-food detection.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nano11040886DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8067257PMC
March 2021

A global association between Covid-19 cases and airborne particulate matter at regional level.

Sci Rep 2021 03 18;11(1):6256. Epub 2021 Mar 18.

Department of Public Health and Infectious Diseases, Sapienza University of Rome, Piazzale Aldo Moro 5, 00185, Rome, Italy.

Evidences of an association between air pollution and Covid-19 infections are mixed and inconclusive. We conducted an ecological analysis at regional scale of long-term exposure to air-borne particle matter and spread of Covid-19 cases during the first wave of epidemics. Global air pollution and climate data were calculated from satellite earth observation data assimilated into numerical models at 10 km resolution. Main outcome was defined as the cumulative number of cases of Covid-19 in the 14 days following the date when > 10 cumulative cases were reported. Negative binomial mixed effect models were applied to estimate the associations between the outcome and long-term exposure to air pollution at the regional level (PM, PM), after adjusting for relevant regional and country level covariates and spatial correlation. In total we collected 237,749 Covid-19 cases from 730 regions, 63 countries and 5 continents at May 30, 2020. A 10 μg/m increase of pollution level was associated with 8.1% (95% CI 5.4%, 10.5%) and 11.5% (95% CI 7.8%, 14.9%) increases in the number of cases in a 14 days window, for PM and PM respectively. We found an association between Covid-19 cases and air pollution suggestive of a possible causal link among particulate matter levels and incidence of COVID-19.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-85751-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7973572PMC
March 2021
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