Publications by authors named "A V Petraikin"

10 Publications

Chest MRI of patients with COVID-19.

Magn Reson Imaging 2021 06 13;79:13-19. Epub 2021 Mar 13.

Research and Practical Clinical Center for Diagnostics and Telemedicine Technologies of the Moscow Healthcare Department, Moscow, Russia. Electronic address:

During the pandemic of novel coronavirus infection (COVID-19), computed tomography (CT) showed its effectiveness in diagnosis of coronavirus infection. However, ionizing radiation during CT studies causes concern for patients who require dynamic observation, as well as for examination of children and young people. For this retrospective study, we included 15 suspected for COVID-19 patients who were hospitalized in April 2020, Russia. There were 4 adults with positive polymerase chain reaction (PCR) test for COVID-19. All patients underwent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examinations using MR-LUND PROTOCOL: Single-shot Fast Spin Echo (SSFSE), LAVA 3D and IDEAL 3D, Echo-planar imaging (EPI) diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) and Fast Spin Echo (FSE) T2 weighted imaging (T2WI). On T2WI changes were identified in 9 (60,0%) patients, on DWI - in 5 (33,3%) patients. In 5 (33,3%) patients lesions of the parenchyma were visualized on T2WI and DWI simultaneously. At the same time, 4 (26.7%) patients had changes in lung tissue only on T2WI. (P(McNemar) = 0,125; OR = 0,00 (95%); kappa = 0,500). In those patients who had CT scan, the changes were comparable to MRI. The results showed that in case of CT is not available, it is advisable to conduct a chest MRI for patients with suspected or confirmed COVID-19. Considering that T2WI is a fluid-sensitive sequence, if imaging for the lung infiltration is required, we can recommend the abbreviated MRI protocol consisting of T2 and T1 WI. These data may be applicable for interpreting other studies, such as thoracic spine MRI, detecting signs of viral pneumonia of asymptomatic patients. MRI can detect features of viral pneumonia.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.mri.2021.03.005DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7955570PMC
June 2021

[Artificial intelligence for diagnosis of vertebral compression fractures using a morphometric analysis model, based on convolutional neural networks].

Probl Endokrinol (Mosk) 2020 Oct 24;66(5):48-60. Epub 2020 Oct 24.

Research and Practical Clinical Center for Diagnostics and Telemedicine Technologies.

Background: Pathological low-energy (LE) vertebral compression fractures (VFs) are common complications of osteoporosis and predictors of subsequent LE fractures. In 84% of cases, VFs are not reported on chest CT (CCT), which calls for the development of an artificial intelligence-based (AI) assistant that would help radiology specialists to improve the diagnosis of osteoporosis complications and prevent new LE fractures.

Aims: To develop an AI model for automated diagnosis of compression fractures of the thoracic spine based on chest CT images.

Materials And Methods: Between September 2019 and May 2020 the authors performed a retrospective sampling study of ССТ images. The 160 of results were selected and anonymized. The data was labeled by seven readers. Using the morphometric analysis, the investigators received the following metric data: ventral, medial and dorsal dimensions. This was followed by a semiquantitative assessment of VFs degree. The data was used to develop the Comprise-G AI mode based on CNN, which subsequently measured the size of the vertebral bodies and then calculates the compression degree. The model was evaluated with the ROC curve analysis and by calculating sensitivity and specificity values.

Results: Formed data consist of 160 patients (a training group - 100 patients; a test group - 60 patients). The total of 2,066 vertebrae was annotated. When detecting Grade 2 and 3 maximum VFs in patients the Comprise-G model demonstrated sensitivity - 90,7%, specificity - 90,7%, AUC ROC - 0.974 on the 5-FOLD cross-validation data of the training dataset; on the test data - sensitivity - 83,2%, specificity - 90,0%, AUC ROC - 0.956; in vertebrae demonstrated sensitivity - 91,5%, specificity - 95,2%, AUC ROC - 0.981 on the cross-validation data; for the test data sensitivity - 79,3%, specificity - 98,7%, AUC ROC - 0.978.

Conclusions: The Comprise-G model demonstrated high diagnostic capabilities in detecting the VFs on CCT images and can be recommended for further validation.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.14341/probl12605DOI Listing
October 2020

Diffusion processes modeling in magnetic resonance imaging.

Insights Imaging 2020 Apr 28;11(1):60. Epub 2020 Apr 28.

Central Institute of Traumatology and Orthopaedics named after N. N. Priorov, 10, ul. Priorova, Moscow, 127299, Russia.

Background: The paper covers modern approaches to the evaluation of neoplastic processes with diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) and proposes a physical model for monitoring the primary quantitative parameters of DWI and quality assurance. Models of hindered and restricted diffusion are studied.

Material And Method: To simulate hindered diffusion, we used aqueous solutions of polyvinylpyrrolidone with concentrations of 0 to 70%. We created siloxane-based water-in-oil emulsions that simulate restricted diffusion in the intracellular space. To obtain a high signal on DWI in the broadest range of b values, we used silicon oil with high T: cyclomethicone and caprylyl methicone. For quantitative assessment of our phantom, we performed DWI on 1.5T magnetic resonance scanner with various fat suppression techniques. We assessed water-in-oil emulsion as an extracorporeal source signal by simultaneously scanning a patient in whole-body DWI sequence.

Results: We developed phantom with control substances for apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) measurements ranging from normal tissue to benign and malignant lesions: from 2.29 to 0.28 mm/s. The ADC values of polymer solutions are well relevant to the mono-exponential equation with the mean relative difference of 0.91%.

Conclusion: The phantom can be used to assess the accuracy of the ADC measurements, as well as the effectiveness of fat suppression. The control substances (emulsions) can be used as a body marker for quality assurance in whole-body DWI with a wide range of b values.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13244-020-00863-wDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7188746PMC
April 2020

[The future of computer-aided diagnostics in chest computed tomography].

Khirurgiia (Mosk) 2019 (12):91-99

Research and Practical Clinical Center of Diagnostics and Telemedicine Technologies, Department of Health Care of Moscow, Moscow, Russia.

Recently, more and more attention has been paid to the utility of artificial intelligence in medicine. Radiology differs from other medical specialties with its high digitalization, so most software developers operationalize this area of medicine. The primary condition for machine learning is met because medical diagnostic images have high reproducibility. Today, the most common anatomic area for computed tomography is the thorax, particularly with the widespread lung cancer screening programs using low-dose computed tomography. In this regard, the amount of information that needs to be processed by a radiologist is snowballing. Thus, automatic image analysis will allow more studies to be interpreted. This review is aimed at highlighting the possibilities of machine learning in the chest computed tomography.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/hirurgia201912191DOI Listing
December 2019

Age and Gender Differences of the Frontal Bone: A Computed Tomographic (CT)-Based Study.

Aesthet Surg J 2019 06;39(7):699-710

Department of Medical Education, Albany Medical College, Albany, NY.

Background: Age-related changes of the frontal bone in both males and females have received limited attention, although understanding these changes is crucial to developing the best surgical and nonsurgical treatment plans for this area.

Objectives: To investigate age-related and gender-related changes of the forehead.

Methods: Cranial computed tomographic images from 157 Caucasian individuals were investigated (10 males and 10 females from each of the following decades: 20-29 years, 30-39 years, 40-49 years, 50-59 years, 60-69 years, 70-79 years, 80-89 years, and of 8 males and 9 females aged 90-98 years). Frontal bone thickness and forehead distance measurements were carried out to analyze age and gender differences.

Results: With increasing age, the size of a male forehead reduces until no significant differences to a female forehead is present at old age (P = 0.307). The thickness of the frontal bone of the lower forehead (≤4 cm cranial to the nasal root) increased slightly in both genders with increasing age. In the upper forehead (≥4 cm cranial to the nasal root), frontal bone thickness decreased significantly (P = 0.002) in males but showed no statistically significant change in thickness in females (P = 0.165).

Conclusions: The shape of the frontal bone varies in young individuals of different genders and undergoes complex changes with age because of bone remodeling. Understanding these bony changes, in addition to those in the soft tissues, helps physicians choose the best surgical and nonsurgical treatment options for the forehead.

Level Of Evidence: 4:
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/asj/sjy270DOI Listing
June 2019
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